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Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 01/2020
|The table gives information about five types of vehicles registered in Australia in 2010, 2012 and 2014.|
The table details the volume of vehicles registered in Australia in 2010, 2012 and 2014. Overall, the number of vehicles in all the five categories enjoyed steady upward trends, with the figures for motorcycles and light trucks undergoing the most significant upswing. It is also clear that passenger vehicles are the most prevalent mode of transportation among the five types surveyed.
In 2010, 11,800,000 passenger vehicles were registered in Australia, far eclipsing the number of commercial vehicles (2,300,000), motorcycles (540,000), heavy trucks (384,000) and light trucks (106,000). Over the next 4 years, the number of the five kinds of vehicles all saw increases, with the volume of motorcycles and light trucks witnessing the most drastic changes of 30.8% (to 709,000) for the former and 23.5% (to 131,000) for the latter. The other categories also showed rises, albeit a little bit less pronounced, with the figures going up to a high of 13,000,000 (+10.2%) for passenger vehicles, 2,700,000 (+17.4%) for commercial vehicles, and 416,000 (+8.3%) for heavy trucks.
|Today, TV channels provide man’s sport shows more than women’s sport shows, why? Should TV channels give equal time for women’s sport and men’s sport?|
Today, sports media have been dominated by sportsmen, leaving sportswomen with very little attention. The main reasons for this lie in the prejudice against women doing sports, and the fact that men’s sports shows are generally more interesting than women’s, and I opine that equal coverage for both sexes is essential.
One reason for women not being given enough coverage is the deep-rooted notion that women should not engage in activities deemed ‘aggressive’ or ‘violent’, as can be seen from many popular sports today. Images of female sports players competing against one another, several of which involve strong physical activities, are still considered unorthodox to many people, thereby rendering female sport shows relegated. Additionally, sports involving men are, in many cases, more engaging and fun to watch. This is because men are innately stronger, more competitive and more aggressive, which makes their shows seemingly more sensational and dramatic. Therefore, people generally prefer watching men doing sports to women, and the television industry can generate more profits from matches and contests played by men.
I believe that such negligence is intolerable in today’s egalitarian society, and therefore equal showing time for both sexes should be considered. The percentage of women’s participation in sports has been rising on an unprecedented scale in recent years, so they obviously deserve more public endorsement. Achievements of female sports figures shown on TV can encourage those with potential to embark on their sporting career. Moreover, more showing time may attract additional investments from sponsors, which in turn may positively affect wage rates of sportswomen. Men have long been every well paid in the sports industry, and now I believe it is high time women were paid the same.
In conclusion, the reasons behind male’s dominance in sports shows are the sexist views ingrained in some people’s mentality and the fact that men’s shows might be more appealing. My firm conviction is that ensuring equal showing time is essential, for it can inspire those who wish to pursue sport-related careers and improve the lives of female sports women.
- dominate: áp đảo, thống trị
- opine: có quan điểm rằng
- coverage: độ bao phủ thông tin
- deep-rooted: cắm rễ, ăn sâu
- deem: xem như là
- unorthodox: không truyền thống, đi ngược với truyền thống
- render: khiến cho
- relegated: bị đánh giá thấp, bị đặt ở vi trí thấp
- innately: về bẩm sinh, sinh ra đã
- sensational: cực kì hấp dẫn
- dramatic: kịch tính
- generate profits: thu lợi nhuận
- negligence: sự phớt lờ
- intolerable: không chấp nhận được
- egalitarian society: xã hội bình đẳng
- on an unprecedented scale: ở một quy mô chưa từng thấy
- endorsement: sự ủng hộ
- embark on: bắt đầu
- dominance: sự áp đảo
- ingrained: khắc sâu vào tâm trí
- mentality: tâm lý
- appealing: hấp dẫn
Xem thêm: Khóa học IELTS online được nhiều bạn tại TPHCM theo học nhất – Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé!
|The line graph shows the percentage of New Zealand population from 1950 to 2050.|
The given line chart sets out New Zealand’s population from 1950 to the present day and projections to 2050. Overall, the demographical figures tell us that New Zealand has an ageing population with the number of people aged between 35 and 64 and 65+ showing upward trends, with the former being projected to become the most prevalent group by 2050. It is also clear that the 15-34 group, albeit dominant from 1950 until the present day, is expected to go through a downturn by 2050.
In 1950, New Zealand’s population aged between 15 to 34 was 32.5%, ranking first among the 4 groups surveyed. This was followed by the figure for the 0-14 group (27.5%), 35-64 (15%) and 65+ (10%). Thereafter the 15-to-34 age group, despite rising steadily to its high of 45% in the first half, saw a mild drop to 42.5% in 1990, followed by another steeper decline to only 30% in 2010. In the meantime, the population aged between 0-14 also showed a steady downturn and eventually reached 20% in 2010, whereas the two oldest groups 35 to 64 and over 65 experienced increases, with the figures amounting to 20% for the former and 15% for the latter.
By 2050, New Zealand’s population aged 35 to 64 and over 65 will have reached 35% and 20% respectively, with the former group being projected to be the dominant part of the population. Demographics for the two youngest groups, on the other hand, are expected to drop, eventually amounting to a little lower than 30% for the 15-to-34 group and a negligible 10% for the 0-to-14 group.
|Some people think spoken communication is more powerful than written communication. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Some people are of the opinion that spoken communication may have an edge over its written counterpart. From my perspective, both spoken and written forms are important in equal measure, and therefore I completely disagree with the statement.
Spoken language, on the one hand, facilitates our daily communication. Virtually all social activities that human beings engage in such as making purchases, exchanging information or chatting with friends entail people uttering words to one another, and it is not an overstatement to say lack of oral communication may render us unable to carry out any essential tasks in life.
Additionally, when combined with body language, facial expressions, and eye contact, oral communication exhibits strong emotional messages. Whilst political figures make persuasive, well-articulated speeches as an effective tool of persuasion and manipulation, women make full use of their sweet, melodious voices to talk their beloved ones into buying things they want to.
Written language, on the other hand, appears to be relegated and ignored. This is unfortunate because written communication has advantages that would make it a superior choice in some situations over oral communication. From a legal perspective, written language, in the form of legal documents, is instrumental insafeguarding the rights of the people.
Most contracts are carefully drawn up in written forms and require signatures, and therefore they are solid and hard to be breached. In contrast, so-called ‘agreements’ or ‘promises’ in oral forms, in most cases, are invalid.
Moreover, written language is a very efficient representation of complex notions, emotional expressions, and philosophies. Great minds store their ideas in books and novels, and those books have been instrumental in spreading their ideas to a much wider range of audiences. We can see written language as a way of indirectly conversing with not only one, but hundreds, thousands, or even millions of people.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that both spoken and written communication are equally important in our society. Whereas spoken language enables us to do everyday tasks and effectively show our emotions, written language plays a pivotal role in legal matters and allows for great ideas to be spread to a lot of people.
|1. have an edge over: có lợi thế hơn||11. well-articulated: phát âm rõ ràng|
|2. in equal measure: ở mức độ như nhau||12. melodious: có giai diệu dễ chịu|
|3. facilitate: đơn giản hóa, hỗ trợ||13. talk somebody into: thuyết phục ai làm gì|
|4. make a purchase: mua hàng||14. relegate: đánh giá thấp|
|5. entail: bao gồm||15. from a legal perspective: ở góc độ pháp lý|
|6. utter: dung lời nói (say)||16. instrumental in: đóng vai trò thiết yếu|
|7. overstatement: nói quá||17. safeguard: bảo vệ|
|8. facial expressions: biểu lộ trên khuôn mặt||18. draw up: soạn thảo|
|9. exhibit: thể hiện||19. converse: giao tiếp|
|10. emotional messages: thông điệp liên quan đến cảm xúc||20. play a pivotal role: đóng vai trò quan trọng|
|The chart below gives information about the age of women in Australia when they give birth to their first child in 1966, 1986 and 2006|
The bar chart details the percentage of Australian women giving birth to their first child in 1966, 1986 and 2006, and the figures are classified according to six different age groups. Overall, it is clear that over the given period, Australian women were more inclined towards bearing their first child during late adulthood, with the percentage of women belonging to the 4 oldest age groups showing upward trends, as opposed to the two youngest groups which present quite an opposite pattern.
In 1966, around 65% of women aged between 20 and 24 gave birth to their first child, making this the most popular age range. The proportions of women belonging to the remaining age groups were noticeably lower, at only 40% (25-30), 37% (19 and under), 15% (30-34), 5% (30-39) and a negligible 2% (40+).
Over the next 40 years, the patterns shifted as fewer young women decided to give birth, with the figure for the 19-and-under dropping markedly to 10%, and the 25-to-30 group also followed suit, having its rates decreasing to 35%.
In contrast, the percentages of first birth givers aged between 25 and 30 and between 30 to 34 saw increases, amounting to 45%, and 50% respectively. An even more significant upward trend is evident in the 30-to-34 and 34-to-39 age groups when their figures rose at an exponential gradient, with the former rising to 50% and the latter to 30%.
Finally, not many women wished to deliver babies at this later age of 40 or more, as the rates first plateaued at 2% in 1986 and marginally grew thereafter to 3% in 2006.
|Nowadays it is not only large companies that can make films. Digital technology enables anyone to produce films. Do you think it is a positive or negative development?|
Unlike many years ago when cinematography is exclusive to large companies, films made by individuals using their own devices have enjoyed increasing popularity in recent years. I am of the opinion that this is more likely to have positive consequences.
The fact that filmmaking is increasingly more accessible has helped add variety to cinematography. Movies made by big companies, on the one hand, are restricted to a handful of themes and backgrounds, several of which are even heavily censored. On the other hand, films made by potential filmmakers, albeit amateur, transcend barriers of ethnicities and backgrounds.
Around 400-500 movies are made by Hollywood every year, many of which are Americentric and revolve around superheroes, romance, thrillers and comedies. Meanwhile, with a phone sitting in our pockets and film editing applications at our disposal, that number can add up to millions, with more themes covered and a great array of settings shown.
Additionally, easy access to filming technology helps discover hidden talented people. Thanks to video-sharing platforms such as Youtube or Facebook, several unknown people have attained resounding success just by one or two short films.
In Vietnam, for example, a lot of amateur movie-making teams have become overnight sensations by posting short comedies and web dramas onto their sites. Although those films are low-budget, they are well-received by the general public, and many aspiring actors, actresses, and directors are discovered and eventually shot to fame.
The Sundance Film Festival, once a low-profile venue for small-budget creators, has become a media extravaganza for new talents now that more and more independent movie creators are able to make films using their own devices.
Inconclusion, my firm conviction is that the widespread popularity of amateur films thanks to the advent of technology is a welcome trend, for it adds spices to the film industry and promotes aspiring individuals wishing to pursue professional film careers.
|1. exclusive: độc quyền||11. attain: đạt được|
|2. enjoy increasing popularity: càng ngày càng phổ biến||12. resounding success: thành công vang dội|
|3. cinematography: điện ảnh||13. overnight sensation: từ dùng để miêu tả nhữngngười nổi tiếng chỉ trong một thời gian ngắn|
|4. a handful of: một lượng ít||14. well-received: được đón nhận tốt|
|5. censor: kiểm duyệt||15. aspiring: có mong muốn|
|6. transcend: vượt qua||16. shot to fame: trở nên nổi tiếng|
|7. barrier: rào cản||17. low-profile: ít có tiếng|
|8. Americentric: quá nghiêng về văn hóa Mỹ||18. media extravaganza: sự kiện truyền thông cực kì nổi tiếng|
|9. revolve around: xoay quanh||19. the advent of: sự ra đời của|
|10. an array of: một sự đa dạng|||
|The diagram below shows how ethanol fuel is produced from corn|
The diagram provides a breakdown of how ethanol is produced from corn. From an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the making of maize-based ethanol includes corn undergoing various physical and biological processes under different conditions, the product of which is later stored and eventually delivered to gas stations.
The process commences when corn is harvested and stored in warehouses, before being ground by the use of a turbine-driven mill. Thereafter the ground corn, with the addition of an unspecified amount of water, is cooked within 4 hours in a cylindrical device before being fermented in another set of cylinders.
The mixture is left for fermentation for 2 days (48 hours) and subsequently liquidised, with solid wastes being released as by-products. The liquidized substance, now called ethanol, is further purified under laboratory conditions for another 5 hours, after which it is stored in large containers and eventually transported to gas stations.
|Some people think that mental strength is the most important factor for success in sports. However, some others believe that it is more important to have strong and fit people. Discuss both views and give your opinions.|
Some people are of the opinion that physical fitness is the key to success in sports. However, some others are opposed to this idea, claiming that mental toughness is of uttermost importance. From my perspective, both qualities are of great significance in equal measure, and I will further elaborate in this essay.
Physical strength has been commonly regarded as an important element in sports. Most sportspeople are required to be physically fit so that they are able to perform physically challenging actions commonly found in the majority of sports. Footballers, for example, spend on average 90 minutes of relentless physical manoeuvres, and this certainly requires brute strength and stamina. In some sports that involve building muscles such as weightlifting, fitness is instrumental in the overall success of a weightlifter, for more weights lifted are directly proportionate to how well he or she performs in a weightlifting competition.
A strong mentality, on the other hand, is also very essential for any professionals to be successful. As a matter of fact, virtually all sports entail intense competitions and pressure, and only strong-willed players who are able to handle those problems well attain great success. Elite athletes such as Roger Federer or Cristiano Ronaldo, for example, are perfect examples of players who remain calm and confident regardless of situations. Additionally, mentalprowess has been proven to be a game-changing factor in deciding the outcome of a match. Even seeded players can bitterly lose to underdogs if stressed or pressured.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that mental toughness is just as important as physical fitness in determining sporting success. In the future, with training integrating both physical and mental health becoming increasingly available, the sporting industry will be able to welcome generations of successful sports players who are physically fit and mentally prepared.
|1. physical fitness: sự khỏe mạnh về mặt thể chất||10. proportionate to: tỉ lệ thuận|
|2. mental toughness: sự dẻo dai về mặt tâm lý||11. entail: bao gồm, chứa đựng|
|3. uttermost importance: cực kì quan trọng; quan trọng hàng đầu||12. strong-willed: có ý chí tốt|
|4. in equal measure: quan trọng như nhau||13. elite athletes: vận động viên xuất sắc|
|5. sportspeople: người chơi thể thao||14. mental prowess: khả năng xuất chúng về mặt tinh thần|
|6. physically fit: có thể chất tốt||15. game-changing: quan trọng, có khả năng quyết định kết quả|
|7. physical manoeuver: sự vận động thể chất||16. seeded player: vận động viên hạt giống|
|8. brute strength and stamina: sức mạnh và sức chịu đựng khủng khiếp||17. underdog: người yếu thế hơn|
|9. instrumental in: cực kì quan trọng và cần thiết trong việc gì đó||18. integrate: tích hợp|
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 02/2020
|The charts below show the percentage of people working in different sectors in town A and town B in 1960, 2010.|
The pie charts set out the proportion of people employed in three different sectors in the two unspecified Town A and Town B in 1960 and 2010. Overall, over the given period, manufacturing-related jobs were less popular in both towns, whereas the service sector showed an opposite pattern, and positions in sales underwent a downward trend in Town A but not Town B. It is also clear that by 2020, whilst the service sector outstripped manufacturing as the dominant job sector in Town A, manufacturing, despite undergoing a decrease, remained the most common in Town B.
In both towns, services experienced the most substantial rise, with its figure undergoing a more than twofold leap from 29% to 64% in Town A, and from 10% to 25% in Town B. Opposite patterns are evident in manufacturing as its percentage halved from 41% to 20% in Town A, and in Town B it also underwent a drop, albeit milder, to 53%, which still accounted for the majority of jobs.
In the meantime, sales-related jobs were reduced by half from 30% to 16% in Town A. It was not the case in Town B, however, when its figure rose marginally from 20% to 22%.
|People are having more and more sugar-based drinks. What are the reasons? What are the solutions to make people drink less.|
Modern conditions such as diabetes and related health problems are probably associated with the upward trend towards consuming sugary drinks on a daily basis. Two of the main causes will thus be explored, and light will be shone on one possibly effective measure to deal with this consumption.
Appetite seems to be the most important factor contributing to this increasing tendency. It has been customary for decades for sugar-based beverages to be an indispensable part of modern life, ranging from parties and ceremonies to even small daily snacks. It is now not unusual to see soft drinks nearly everywhere on earth.
Another essential causal factor is hospitality as a social etiquette. Many people are not really interested in sweet drinks, but when they are welcomed with such drinks, they find it hard to reject them. Simply saying no might hurt the host.
For the aforesaid reasons, the best solution is to make an effort to change this drinking habit. Challenging as it is, we have to figure out how to do so. Suddenly stopping this practice would be impractical, so it would be advisable to advocate the reduction of sugar amounts in drinks and gradually replacing them with sugar-free drinks is not impossible.
In conclusion, whether people are fond of drinking sugary beverages or not, everyone needs to be aware of the danger of diabetes and related problems. It is time they halted and adopted a heathier habit. Although we are still not scientically sure of what causes diabetes, it is safer and wiser not to consume too much sugar.
- modern conditions: những căn bệnh hiện đại
- sugary drinks / sugar-based beverages: những thức uống có đường
- Appetite seems to be the most important factor contributing to this increasing tendency: sự ăn ngon miệng có lẽ là nhân tố quan trọng nhất góp phần lý giải cho xu thế gia tăng này
- It is now not unusual to see soft drinks nearly everywhere on earth: giờ không còn ai lạ lẫm gì khi thấy nước ngọt (bày bán) ở gần như tất cả mọi ngóc ngách trên trái đất
- Simply saying no might hurt the host: đơn giản là từ chối có thể làm phật lòng gia chủ
- are still not scientifically sure of what causes diabetes: vẫn chưa biết chắc về mặt khoa học là cái gì gây ra bệnh tiểu đường.
|The table below gives information about the values of exports of kiwi fruit from New Zealand to five countries between 2010 and 2012.|
The given table shows earnings from Kiwi exportation from New Zealand to five different nations. Units are measured in NZ$, and the data were collected in three consecutive years 2010, 2011 and 2012.
Overall, New Zealand earned the highest revenues from exporting Kiwi to Japan. It is also clear that export values attained from Japan, China, Mexico, and Russia enjoyed upswings with Russia undergoing the highest growth, whilst exports to Saudi Arabia showed an opposite pattern.
In 2010, earnings from exporting Kiwi to Japan ranked first, far tripling the China’s export values (74.9 million), and vastly outnumbering Mexico (1.2 million), Russia (968,000) and Saudi Arabia (290,000). Thereafter export values thrived in most countries, reaching 287,400,000 for Japan, 84,800,000 for China, 2,400,000 for Mexico and 1,585,000 for Russia.
By 2012, the figures for Japan, China, Mexico, and Russia had added up to 325,300,000, 94,000,000, 3,300,000 and 2,404,000 respectively. Export values to Russia, in the meantime, was the only one witnessing a downturn, dropping to a low of only 82,000,000 in 2012.
|The use of social media is replacing face-to-face interaction among many people in society. Do you think the advantages outweigh the advantages?|
Although not new in modern life, networking has attracted more and more public attention, especially with the advent of online social networking channels. Debatable as it is, the positive aspect of social media use as a way to supersede face-to-face communication is somewhat superior to its downside.
Given the fact that the current world is facing an increasing number of issues, it is sensible to believe in the dark side. Of the commonly-heard problems, the most serious of them is the fear that the human species, to whom emotions play a crucial role, might become robots , or emotionless machines. Sitting in front of the computer, or holding hand-held phones, for hours surfing the internet and reading Facebook news on a daily basis, users will sooner or later become more and more passive, ending up being couch potatoes, and are likely to forget the usefulness of in-person interaction.
However, we need to be optimistic as social media are not that bad. They will not turn us into machines that have no emotions. Provided that we live a healthy lifestyle with daily workouts, social networking sites, as the term suggests, will bring us closer and closer to one another simply because we are now living in a global village. Thousands of merits, including making friends with people from abroad, will result.
All in all, the negatives of using social networks instead of traditional meeting and talking appear to be overtaken by the positives. Even conservative people, mostly the old, find it hard to reject the power of social media. It is impossible to imagine how the human species of Homo sapiens has reached this far without social networking in the strictest sense of the term.
B. Vocab highlights
- (online) social networking channels = social media = social networking sites: mạng xã hội
- to supersede face-to-face communication: để thay thế sự giao tiếp trực diện
- the fear that the human species might become robots: nỗi sợ là loài người có thể trở thành những cái máy vô hồn
- sooner or later: không sớm thì muộn
- live a healthy lifestyle with daily workouts: sống (theo) một lối sống lành mạnh có tập thể dục hàng ngày
- in the strictest sense of the term: theo nghĩa sát nhất của thuật ngữ này
C. Structure highlights
Cấu trúc nén
|Although (it is) not new in modern life, networking has…|
Tuy không không phải là hiện tượng mới trong cuộc sống hiện đại, sự kết nối đã…
Cấu trúc đảo ngữ đặc biệt
|Given the fact that…= If the fact that… is given, …|
Nếu xét đến…
|The bar chart below shows the amount of money invested in each categories from five organizations.|
The bar chart details investments made by five different organisations in four categories namely Machinery, Building, Staff Training, and Research. Units are measured in billion euros.
Overall, Organisation B made the highest investments in all sectors with the highest amount of budget expended on Building, whereas fewer investments were made by Organisation A and C. Organisation D and E’s spending, on the other hand, was the least remarkable.
Spending on machinery in Organisation B was roughly 1.3 billion Euros, which was the highest investment in this sector among the five organisations, yet the lowest compared to the other sectors. Organisation A invested remarkably less in this sector with only 0.8 billion Euros, followed by Organisation C (0.7 billion). Organisation D and E, on the other hand, each invested only 0.4 billion Euros. With regard to Building, Organisation B’s investment was at a record high of 1.7 billion Euros, whereas budgets allotted by the remaining four organisations for this sector were in similar amounts, at around 0.5 billion Euros.
When it comes to Staff Training and Research, Organisation B was still the dominant investor with 1.5 billion and 1.6 billion Euros spent respectively. Organisation A’s expenditures were significantly fewer, with on 1 billion for Staff Training and 0.8 billion for Research. Organisation D and E again allocated the fewest budget, with the figures varying between 0.3 billion and 0.45 billion.
|Some people believe that reading stories from a book is better than watching TV or playing computer games for children. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Reading story books has recently been claimed to be more beneficial for children than watching television or playing e-games on the computer. For kids who are book addicts, this is absolutely true since nothing can be compared with enjoying a story.
First off, TV watching is inferior to story book reading. The former is associated with the habit of ‘watching’ rather than ‘reading’ whereas the latter is the opposite. Some might say that the two are very similar since anyone involved needs to use their eyes. Reasonable as it is, those who believe so do not really take into consideration the point that readers can stop at a page and contemplate about it for as long as possible, especially when it comes to hard-to-understand stories, such as mystery books.
Second of all, reading story books is also superior to playing computer games. Admittedly, being engaged in game playing on the computer is undeniably great fun as a wonderful stress reliever, but games are games only. However, story book reading is associated with a multitude of educational benefits, one of which is the cultivation of emotions. In this current world, fewer and fewer people have any interest in enjoying a short story or a novel, so they need to be immersed in this environment at an early age. The earlier the better. If children laugh or cry with characters in a story, they will gradually develop feelings of loving other human beings in real life.
In conclusion, my perspective concerning the great joy gained from reading story books has been clarified. This actually might not be highly appreciated by children with other interests. In this technological world, it is not surprising that the majority of kids prefer to be engaged elsewhere. Each to his own.
A. Vocab highlights
- For kids who are book addicts: Đối với trẻ thuộc loại mê đọc sách;
- nothing can be compared with enjoying a story: Không gì có thể sánh với việc thưởng thức một truyện kể;
- … is undeniably great fun as a wonderful stress reliever: Đương nhiên là rất vui vì là một phương thức giảm căng thẳng tuyệt vời;
- the cultivation of emotions: Việc trao dồi / vun đắp (khía cạnh) xúc xảm;
- they need to be immersed in this environment at an early age: Họ cần phải được tắm mình trong một môi trường như thế ngay từ thưở nhỏ;
- Each to his own: Mỗi người một vẻ;
B. Structure highlights
Cấu trúc passive đặc biệt
|Reading story books has recently been claimed to be more beneficial for children than…|
= It has recently been claimed that reading story books is more beneficial for children than…
Gần đây có ý kiến cho rằng đọc sách truyện là có lợi hơn cho trẻ hơn là…
Cấu trúc đảo ngữ
|Reasonable as it is|
= Although it is so reasonable
Tuy nghe rất có lý
|The map below shows the changes that have taken place at the waterfront area of a town called Darwin between 2009 and 2014.|
The maps depict the development of a town named Darwin from 2009 to 2014. The initial impression from the maps is that the town showed the complete obliteration of the industrial area to make room for more residential, recreational and academic amenities. In addition, the town’s infrastructure was also renovated with the addition of a harbor and more footpaths.
In 2009, on the vast grassland stretching from the center to the southern part of the town was sited an industrial area. Over the next 5 years, this industrial zone became non-existent, and was replaced by trees.
To the southeast of the town, a new harbor was erected, and an additional footpath was established, leading from the harbor to the main road in the west of the town. This new footpath further divided the southern zone of the town into two distinct areas, the upper part of which had some new residential buildings and a new university one.
Regarding the area encircled by the footpaths, the former industrial area was converted into a swimming pool. The school and the convention center located in the vicinity of this area and the northern main road remained unchanged. The two swimming pools by the beach also remained in the same position over the given period.
|Online shopping is increasing dramatically. How could this trend affect our environment and the kinks of jobs required?|
One of the current phenomena is online shopping is on the rise. This tendency actually benefits the environment and leads up to changes in various jobs related to this mode of shopping.
As far as environmental issues are concerned, this trend might be said to harm the environment since an increase in the number of online shoppers is associated with a rise in the amount of product consumption, including many things purchased even before people can figure out what these items should be used for. It appears, therefore, to be a waste of resources.
The truth is internet shopping entails tons of benefits, one of which is saving time. In this modern society where time is gold, saving time is so significant. Time saved could be spent on working and boosting productivity, generating more and more resources. That is not to mention the merit of rescuing thousands of trees which may be cut down to make paper.
In terms of jobs in this new era, many occupations related to computers and internet use as well as online sales, be it for professional or non-professional purposes, have gained popularity. These range from IT engineers and web designers through advertisers and market researchers to cleaners and deliverers. In particular, those who work in delivery have now felt luckier because of the change from eating out to staying home or at the workplace and ordering a meal online.
Summarizing, when it comes to shopping on the internet, the impact is mainly positive, and it leads to numerous changes in the labor market, including the traditional job of deliverers. It is hard to predict what will be the next groundbreaking transformation in the foreseeable future, but online shopping still shocks many people in developing countries because of the convenience in paying methods.
A. Vocab highlights
- … is on the rise ( = … is increasing)
… đang có chiều hướng gia tăng
- an increase in the number of online shoppers is associated with a rise in the amount of product consumption
Sự gia tăng số lượng người mua hàng trực tuyến gắn liền với sự gia tăng mức tiêu thụ hàng hóa
- In this modern society where time is gold, saving time is so significant
Trong xã hội hiện nay khi mà thời gian là vàng bạc thì tiết kiệm thời gian là vô cùng quan trọng
- working and boosting productivity
Làm việc & nâng cao năng suất
- That is not to mention…
Đó là chưa nói đến…
- Those who work in delivery…
Những ai làm công tác giao hàng
- It is hard to predict what will be the next groundbreaking transformation in the foreseeable future
Khó mà đoán được trong tương lai gần cái gì sẽ tạo nên bước ngoặc chấn động tiếp theo
B. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc relative clause dạng rút gọn
|… including many things (which are) purchased even before people can figure out what these items should be used for|
… kể cả nhiều thứ được mua thậm chí trước khi người ta nghiệm ra là sẽ dùng những món hàng này vào việc gì
- Cấu trúc chêm xen adverb vào vị trí giữa câu (thay vì ở đầu câu như bình thường)
|It appears, therefore, to be a waste of resources|
Do đó, đó hình như là sự lãng phí nguồn lực
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 03/2020
|The graph below shows the percentage of people in different age groups in one city who attended music concert between 2010 and 2015.|
The given line graph illustrates the rates of attendance at music concerts in an unspecified country from 2010 to 2015. The figures are classified according to five different age groups.
The initial impression from the graph is that age is a clear predictor for the decrease in the proportion of people attending music concerts, as the attendance rate was highest among the youngest group (16-24). The figures for the 25-to-44, 45-to-54, and 55-to-64, despite each increasing and decreasing with varying degrees throughout the given period, ranked second, third, and fourth respectively, and the oldest age group (70+) always attended fewer concerts compared to the other given groups.
In 2010, roughly more than half of the people aged between 45 and 54 attended music concerts. Fewer people aged between 16 and 24 participated in such events (40%), and this was also the case for those aged 25 and 44. Only 25% of the people between 55 and 64 years old joined music concerts, and the proportion was even much lower for the 75+ (10%).
Over the next 5 years, the proportion of participants aged between 16 and 24 experienced steady rises, amounting to 70% in 2010. In the meantime, the figure for the 25 to 44 group, despite a dip of around 10%, regained its upward streak and eventually reached 52% in 2015, and a similar pattern is evident for the 25-to-44 age bracket, with a slump to 30% in 2012 and an upswing to nearly 50% in 2015.
Participants in the last two brackets namely 55 to 64 and 75+ were not many, with the former undergoing 3 years of stability before dropping to 23% in 2015, and the latter experiencing an upswing to 20% in 2011, yet halving to only 10% in 2013, and rising again to around 21% in 2015.
|Some people argue job satisfaction is more important than job security. Others believe a permanent job is more important. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.|
1. Sample essay
Whether it is advisable to choose a satisfying job or to pursue a secured one has always been an issue of great controversy for years now. As a city-dweller, I am more supportive of the first option.
At first glance, it sounds sensible to believe in the benefits of finding a permanent job. One of the major reasons is professional seniority is almost always a factor that plays a crucial role in any occupation. The longer people work in a certain environment, the more practical experience they can gain and the easier it is for them earn a decent salary. This has been common sense for decades now.
However, it is feeling professionally satisfied that is much more significant in choosing what to do for a living. Feeling pleased with what they do, people will be frequently inspired to perform well. That results from the fact that they can easily develop their sense of creativity in working on any project. In this fast-changing modern world, it is nearly impossible to find any long-term job that remains stable. Instead of making an effort to seek such an occupation, which does not exist in today’s world, we had better prioritize job satisfaction rather than job security.
All things considered, it remains greatly debatable as to which perspective is more rational. Although the two views concerned are both based on solid grounds, I prefer the one supporting professional satisfaction. If workers were happy, they would be willing to sacrifice everything, even their own lives.
2. Vocab highlights
- a city-dweller: Một thị dân / người sống ở thành thị
- professional seniority: Thâm niên công tác
- a decent salary: Lương bổng đủ sống
- common sense: Lương thức
- feeling professionally satisfied: Cảm thấy hài lòng trong công việc đang làm
- sense of creativity: Óc sáng tạo
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc noun clause sử dụng whether… or… làm chủ ngữ: Whether it is advisable to choose a satisfying job or to pursue a secured one has always been an issue of great controversy for years now (Liệu chúng ta có nên chọn nghề khiến ta hài lòng hay theo đuổi nghề ổn định vốn là một vấn đề gây tranh cãi kịch liệt nhiều năm qua).
- Cấu trúc v-ing phrase rút gọn từ adverb clause: Feeling pleased with what they do, people will be frequently inspired to perform well (Cảm thấy hài lòng với những gì họ làm, người ta sẽ thường xuyên có cảm hứng để làm tốt công việc).
|The bar chart shows the percentage of young people in higher education in 2000, 2005 and 2010.|
The bar chart compares rates of young people attending education at university levels in five unspecified countries in 2000, 2005 and 2010. The initial impression from the chart is that higher education rates in Country A, C, and D showed upward trends over the given period, with Country A and D experiencing the fastest growth. Country B, on the other hand, had the lowest proportion of university students overall, and its rate remained somewhat stagnated over the given years.
In 2000, around 37% of young people were undergraduates, and the rate experienced a remarkable upswing to 48% in 2005, and 57% in 2010. A similar pattern is evident with regard to Country D where its tertiary education rates rose from 45% in 2000 to 50% in 2005, and again to 60% in 2010. Country C, in the meantime, also had more undergraduates, rising from 43% in 2000 to 48% in 2005, and plateaued at this point until 2010. Contrary to the other three countries, Country B, starting off with 40% young students in 2000, was the only nation to undergo a drop, albeit negligible, to 39% in 2005, and despite recovering back to 2000’s level at 40% in 2010, this country still remained the one having the lowest higher education rates.
|Some people think news has no connection to people’s lives. So then it is a waste of time to read the newspaper and watch television news programs. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
1. Sample essay
It is claimed that spending time on reading or watching news is absolutely wasteful. Truth be told, I find it hard to agree because having access to daily news is a must to be well informed about what is going on in the world and to be equipped with specialized knowledge for conducting further scientific research.
For the general public, it is advisable to be aware of the current state of affairs. This is certainly directly related to individual life. A typical example for this close relationship is what people should do in case of war. More specifically, after reading news about the outbreak of a war near them, people may immediately prepare food for fear of the possibility of food shortages.
Those who work as scientists are always in need of updated information from news reports about various fields. These range from education to economics and healthcare. For instance, news about the current coronavirus has pushed researchers all over the world to compete 24/7 in inventing a vaccine against it. As a result, it can be argued that news is closely related to the outside world whether common people or experts in the scientific world are taken into consideration.
Summarizing, when it comes to the belief that reading news in newspapers or watching news on television programs is a total waste of time, I am not convinced at all. This is merely because all people need news no matter what job they are engaged in. Depending on their occupation, people might obtain different useful pieces of information when they are exposed to one and the same news item.
2. Vocab highlights
- X is a waste of time = X is wasteful: X là lãng phí thời gian
- having access to daily news is a must: Tiếp cận tin tức hàng ngày là điều phải làm
- the general public: Công chúng / đại chúng
- the current state of affairs: Sự tình hiện đương
- the outbreak of a war: Sự nổ ra của 1 cuộc chiến
- for fear of the possibility of food shortages: Vì sợ lương thực có khả năng bị khan hiếm
- those who work as scientists: Những ai làm công tác khoa học
- news reports = news items: Những mẩu tin
- news is closely related to the outside world: Tin tức gắn liền mật thiết với thế giới bên ngoài
- when they are exposed to one and the same news item: Khi họ được tiếp cận cùng 1 mẩu tin
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc passive: It is claimed/believed/viewed/said that… Có ý kiến cho rằng
Cấu trúc whether… or…: whether common people or experts in the scientific world are taken into consideration… cho dù là xét đến người bình thường hay nhà khoa học.
|The diagram below shows how to recycle organic waste to produce fertiliser (compost). Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
1. Sample essay
The diagram provides a breakdown of how compost is made. Overall, the making of compost involves organic wastes of different kinds undergoing various biological and chemical processes in an aerated container.
A 2-cubic-meter plastic container with four holes – two at each side – is used to contain the compost. The four holes act as vents, allowing the circulation of air in and out of the container. Next, waste is added to the container in layers of 15 centimeters, with food at the bottom, grass in the middle and newspaper on top. Nitrogen and hot water are subsequently added to the mixture.
At the fourth stage of the process, the mouth of the plastic container is sealed shut by the use of a cover. The moistened mixture is thereafter left in the container for 6 months, during which time a decomposition process gradually takes place. During the process, vapour is released through the four vents. After 6 months, the organic wastes are successfully converted into compost, and this sort of fertiliser is ultimately used in gardening.
2. Vocab highlights
- areate (v) cho phép không khí lưu thông
- vent (n) lỗ thông hơi
- circulation (n) sự lưu thông
- subsequently (adv) sau đó
- seal (v) niêm phong
- moistened (adj) được làm ẩm
- decomposition (n) sự phân hủy
- vapour (n) hơi nước
- convertinto (v) biến đổi thành
- ultimately (adv) cuối cùng thì
|Watching a live performance such as a play, concert, or sporting event is more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?|
1. Sample response
When it comes to leisure activities, attending a live show has recently been claimed to be something worth doing because it is more exciting than watching it on TV. This is a statement that I find it hard to totally agree with.
Truth be told, it is certainly true that watching an art display or a sports performance on television is quite enjoyable to some extent. One of the reasons is one can lie down on a sofa without getting decently dressed while watching them. This is normally something impossible to do in public as we are supposed to behave well in this modern life of civilization.
However, watching it live, whether it is an arts event or a sports competition, is truly fascinating in a way that is indescribable. More specifically, a play, a concert, or a sports contest would be much more interesting if witnessed with our own eyes and/or listened to with our own ears based on a real-time basis. In other words, this is a matter of feelings which depend on whether that particular event is actually happening. If it is, then it will boost levels of fascination twofold or even threefold.
In conclusion, considering a comparison of what is more intriguing as a leisure activity, I tend to believe that going to an event such as those involving art or sports is far higher than watching it on television. It all relies on how ‘real’ it is no matter how far technology has moved forward.
2. Vocab highlights
- attending a live show has recently been claimed to be something worth doing: Gần đây có ý kiến cho rằng đến dự 1 chương trình biểu diễn trực tiếp là xứng đáng
- Truth be told: Thành thật mà nói
- One can lie down on a sofa without getting decently dressed: Người ta có thể nằm dài trên 1 chiếc trường kỷ, không cần phải diện trang phục tươm tất
- We are supposed to behave well in this modern life of civilization: Chúng ta nên có hành vi đúng mực trong cuộc sống văn minh hiện nay
- Watching it live is truly fascinating in a way that is indescribable: Xem trực tiếp là hấp dẫn không thể tả
- based on a real-time basis: Trên cơ sở giờ thực
- it will boost levels of fascination twofold: Nó sẽ nâng mức thú vị lên gấp đôi
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc trạng ngữ chỉ thể cách
… is truly fascinating in a way that is indescribable (= is truly indescribably fascinating): … là thật sự thú vị không thể tả.
- Cấu trúc no matter how
… no matter how far ( = however far) technology has moved forward: … cho dù là công nghệ có tiến xa đến đâu đi chăng nữa.
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 04/2020
|The chart below shows the percentage of people of different age groups who went to cinema once a month or more in one European country from 2000 to 2011.|
The line graph details the proportions of people going to the cinema once or more than once a month in an unspecified European country over the 2000-2011 period. Overall, the rates of moviegoers of all ages generally increased, despite periodic fluctuations. It is also clear that there were always more people aged between 15 and 25 going to the cinema compared to the other age groups, and the 35+ is the only group that had the most consistent growth.
In 2000, around 15% of the 15-to-24-year-old people went to the cinema once a month or more, and this figure thereafter enjoyed steady rises, reaching roughly 45% by 2006. During the same 2000-2006 period, similar patterns could be observed with regard to the rates of the 25-to-35 and 35+ groups, with the former increasing from 5% in 2000 to 15% in 2006, and the latter rising from a near zero in 2000 to 5% in 2006. Moviegoers aged between 25 and 35 also rose in numbers, albeit erratically, from 10% in 2000 to 20% in 2006.
From 2006 towards the end of the period, the figure for the 15-to-24 age bracket experienced 2 years of ups and downs, before regaining its upward streak, eventually finishing off at 52% in 2008. The percentage of the 7-to-14 and the 25-to-35 groups also fluctuated greatly, before both reaching 30% in 2008. The rate of the 35+, meanwhile, rose gradually throughout the period, ultimately amounting to roughly 14% in 2008.
|Environmental protection is the responsibility of politicians, not individuals as individuals can do too little. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Considering the insignificant contribution of individual efforts, it is argued that policy-makers should be in charge of the mission of environmental protection. Such a perspective is totally convincing as politicians are much more influential and are able to raise much more substantial funds.
Obviously, those who are VIP’s in politics are normally professionally trained in public speaking, so they are experts at persuading the general public when it comes to delivering speeches on the environment. In other words, with their political background, they are able to influence thousands of people at a time.
Their powerful speeches, together with their charisma and their sense of humour, are likely to lead to significant changes in the community’s awareness. Listening to them, most people will end up becoming more aware of the importance of protecting the environment.On that basis, politicians would find it easier to perform fund-raising activities for the purpose of keeping the earth green and clean.
For most projects aiming at creating a better world initiated by such celebrities, thousands of their fans would be willing to contribute a significant amount of money, ranging from thousands to millions of dollars. Such financial contributions would be big enough to carry out certain environmental projects.
All things considered, it is true that politicians should be those who are responsible for defending the natural habitat of our mother earth against destruction. This consideration is in view of the advantage policy-makers have over ordinary people in terms of the former’s influence through words and their ability to attract financial investments.
2. Vocab highlights
- The insignificant contribution of individual efforts: Đóng góp không đáng kể của những nỗ lực cá nhân
- the mission of environmental protection: Sứ mệnh bảo vệ môi trường
- to raise much more substantial funds: Huy động vốn quy mô lớn hơn
- to be normally professionally trained in public speaking: Được đào tạo chuyên nghiệp về kỹ năng nói trước công chúng
- fund-raising activities: Những hoạt động huy động vốn
- their ability to attract financial investments: Kỹ năng của họ trong việc thu hút đầu tư tài chính
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc reduced relative clause
For most projects aiming at ( = which aim at) creating a better world initiated by ( = which are initiated by) such celebrities, …Đối với phần lớn dự án nhằm vào việc tạo ra một thế giới tốt đẹp hơn do những nhân vật nổi tiếng như thế khởi xướng, …
- Cấu trúc full relative clause
Politicians should be those who are responsible for defending the natural habitat of our mother earth against destruction: Các chính trị gia nên là những người chịu trách nhiệm bảo vệ môi trường sống của trái đất trước nạn hủy diệt.
|The graph gives information about coffee production in 4 different countries from 1990 to 2010.|
The bar graph details the volume of coffee produced in four nations over the 20-year course from 1990 to 2010. Overall, the graph tells us that Colombia aside, coffee production in all other countries enjoyed upswings, with Brazil experiencing the fastest growth. It is also clear that Brazil was always the number one coffee-producing country, and the discrepancy between this and the other countries became increasingly wider over the given period.
In 1990, around 0.7 million tonnes of coffee was produced in Brazil, and the figure rose sharply to 1 million tonnes in 1995, followed by an even steeper growth to 1.5 tonnes in 2000, and eventually peaked at 1.9 million tonnes – the highest of any country, in any year.
Coffee production in Indonesia and Vietnam, despite standing at much lower positions, followed similar patterns, with the former rising from 0.2 million tonnes in 1990 to 0.4 million tonnes in 2010 and the latter going up from an all-time low of only 0.1 million tonnes in 1990 to 0.3 million tonnes in 2010.
In the meantime, Columbia was the only country to undergo a downward trend in coffee yield. In 1990, it ranked second at 0.6 million tonnes, but later fell gradually and eventually it amounted to around 0.3 million tonnes in 2010.
|Many people are travelling to other countries. Why? Is it a positive or negative development?|
Never before has there been a phenomenon that so many people travel overseas as it is seen today. This could be explained in numerous ways, but access to reasonable means of transport has facilitated this trend, which is certainly beneficial for the tourism industry and for mutual understanding between communities around the world.
One of the most important reasons why travelling to other countries is becoming more popular these days is the existence of cheaper modes of transport. In the past, for example, a flight ticket was too costly for the majority of people, but it is becoming increasingly affordable today. In reality, people in almost all income groups are able to pay for the cost of travelling by plane or any other means of transport.
This tendency actually benefits countries both economically and culturally. The tourism industry of each country definitely enjoys a much higher revenue from the rise in travelling internationally. Obviously, the more tourists there are, the more money comes.
This leads to the development of a wide range of services associated with tourism. MOREOVER, that going abroad is becoming a trend of popularity makes it possible for people from different cultures to understand each other more.
This contributes significantly to turning this planet into a truly ‘global village’.In conclusion, it is less expensive transportation that has led to more people travelling abroad, bringing both economic and cultural merits to the whole world. It is no wonder that one day everyone on earth is said to possibly become a global citizen.
1. Vocab highlights
- access to reasonable means of transport has facilitated this trend: Sự tiếp cận các phương tiện đi lại có giá cả hợp túi tiền đã tạo điều kiện thuận lợi cho xu thế này
- the tourism industry: Ngành du lịch
- mutual understanding between communities around the world: Sự thông hiểu nhau giữa các cộng đồng trên khắp thế giới
- the existence of cheaper modes of transport: Sự tồn tại các phương tiện đi lại ít tốn kém hơn
- people in almost all income groups: Thiên hạ trong hầu như tất cả mọi nhóm thu nhập
- X benefits countries both economically and culturally: X làm lợi cho các quốc gia về phương diện kinh tế & văn hóa
- a much higher revenue: Doanh thu cao hơn nhiều
- a trend of popularity = a popular trend: Một xu thế được ưa chuộng
- both economic and cultural merits: Lợi ích về cả phương diện kinh tế & văn hóa
- a global citizen: Công dân toàn cầu
2. Structure highlights
Cấu trúc inversion mở đầu bằng phủ định từ: Never before has there been a phenomenon that so many people travel overseas as it is seen today: Trước giờ chưa bao giờ có hiện tượng có nhiều người du lịch ra nước ngoài nhiều như hiện nay
Cấu trúc double comparative: The more tourists there are, the more money comes
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 05/2020
|The maps show art gallery in Australia in 1950 and now.Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
(IELTS Vietop sẽ cập nhật sample task 1 sau nhé!)
|In today’s world, private companies rather than the government pay for and conduct most scientific research. Do you think the advantages outweigh disadvantages?|
In modern society, the fields of science and technology are considered by most as the most essential ones. Used to predominantly take place in the public sector, research and development in the science and technology sectors now have privately-owned companies at its heart. During the course of the essay, I would present the analysis of the given issue as well as to draw a rational conclusion that there are more disadvantages than advantages to this phenomenon.
There are a plethora of reasons why it is pivotal to have government-run research projects. To begin with, when research is conducted by the authority, the motive behind is consistently people-driven and not for monetary return. As a result, there is more transparency in the process. Furthermore, a government is bound to be more responsible and has complete accountability when it comes to investing public money in such research. In addition, government-run projects are often backed with the national budget, which could easily surpass the capabilities of most private institutions.
On the other hand, private organizations are more interested in gaining profits. In addition, when the funding comes from the particular organization, the results could also be biased to ensure there is a favourable outcome to the sponsoring institution. For example, the production of medicinal drugs is legally obliged to go through rigorous trials, which may take extended periods of time to complete. As private companies invest a staggering sum of money in such projects, it is unfeasible for them to wait for a longer tenure to attain the expected results. Hence, there is a higher probability of the quality-control being compromised to make the research successful.
To conclude, conducting and regulating scientific research is a controversial issue, because accountability and openness are essential to quality science. Therefore, it is only feasible if it is achieved by a non-profit agency such as the government.
2. Vocab highlights
- Predominantly: phần lớn, chủ yếu là
- at its heart: tập trung vào
- a plethora of: nhiều, đa dạng
- conducted : được tiến hành
- for monetary return: nhằm mục đích thu lợi nhuận
- To be bound to: có trách nhiệm, bị ràng buộc
- Accountability: trách nhiệm giải trình
- Surpass: vượt quá tầm
- Biased: bị thiên vị
- Sponsor: nhà tài trợ
- Rigorous: khắc nghiệt
- Staggering: gây sửng sốt
- unfeasible: không khả thi
- compromised: bị tổn hại
|The graphs show the changes in the UK industry steel between 1970 and 2000. (đơn vị milliontonnes vs thousand)|
(IELTS Vietop sẽ cập nhật sample task 1 sau nhé!)
|Today parents spend little free time with their children. Why is it the case? Who are more affected: parents or children?|
In this age and day, children get more diminutive proportions of their parent’s time, as the parents are indulged in their careers and this scenario can result in various critical consequences. During the course of the essay, I would elucidate the cause as well as negative effects with relevant examples.
In the contemporary world, people are busy making ends meet, which is adversely affecting the work-life balance. To commence with, in dual incomes families, children are often left with caretakers. In this situation, children often resort to indulging in watching their favourite programs to remain quiet and feeling more entertained. Besides, as the generation gap has become a norm, children might find it problematic to communicate and share their daily issues with parents.
Accordingly, the aforementioned trend results in serious behavioural and focusing predicaments. Initially, children tend to get addicted to watching television and become reluctant to direct their effort on academic or other extracurricular activities. Moreover, the boundaries between virtual and real-life could be blurred sometimes, thus imitating their favourite cartoons results in displeasing behaviour; therefore, those children could be potential subjects to social prejudice. Last but not least, as children opt for a more sedentary lifestyle, physical health issues such as obesity is unavoidable. This is particularly concerned in most developed countries.
In conclusion, I reckon that the minimal amount of time spent together between parents and children is not a good practice. And from this scenario, problematic behaviours could be severe in the long term.
2. Vocab highlights
- diminutive : nhỏ bé
- indulged : say mê, chìm đắm
- elucidate : làm sáng tỏ vấn đề
- Caretakers: người chăm sóc
- a norm: một chuẩn mực bình thường
- Predicaments: tình trạng khó khăn
- reluctant : lưỡng lự
- displeasing : không hài lòng
- Prejudice: định kiến
- reckon : đúc kết lại
|The charts show the info about the use of Internet in five countries in Europe in 2000.|
(IELTS Vietop sẽ cập nhật sample task 1 sau nhé!)
|The government should spend more money on medical research to protect citizens’ health rather than on protecting the environment. Do you agree or disagree?|
It is popular knowledge that the government would spend significant amounts of money in medical investment to ensure the health of its people. Nonetheless, I strongly believe that the authorities should also put equal focus on preserving our environment, apart from health-related studies. During the course of the essay, I would discuss the issues carefully and objectively before drawing a rational conclusion.
On the one hand, it is understandable why the government tendsto invest heavily in medical research rather than investing in the preservation of nature. Obviously, the development of societyhas led to an increase in the number of infectious diseases that pose severe threats to society’s well-being. Take as an example, Covid-19 which not only is responsible for a high death rate around the world but also causes economic downturns in many regions and harmsglobalization. Consequently, urgent actions must be taken by authorities to allocate funding to spearhead novel medical treatments as well as effective vaccines. Only by conducting the aforementioned could the stability of the societies be ensured.
On the other hand, despite the necessity of funding the health-care system, the integral role of ecology and, subsequently, nature sustainability should also be subjected to investments from the national budget. It is undeniable that human’s health significantly depends on surrounding elements such as air, water, and soil which are being seriously polluted by indiscriminate dumping of waste products from domestic and industrial sources. For this reason, financial support from the government to the preservation of the environment is necessary to create positive impacts. In the situation that analyses on negative impacts as well as solutions to improve the habitat quality are not immediately invested, biodiversity and humans’ well-being would face dire consequences.
In conclusion, the governing body of each nation should balance the investment in both health care research and environmental studies simultaneously in order to ensure the sustainable development of society.
2. Vocab highlights
- investment: sự đầu tư
- Preservation: sự bảo tồn
- spearhead: tiên phong, đột phá
- indiscriminate: bừa bãi
- Biodiversity: đa dạng sinh học
- dire consequences: hậu quả thảm khốc
|The maps show a road system as it is now and the proposed changes in future to reduce the number of accidents.|
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
(IELTS Vietop sẽ cập nhật sample task 1 sau nhé!)
|Nowadays , women as well as men work full time. Therefore, women and men should share household tasks equally. ( eg cleaning and looking after children ).To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Nowadays an ever-increasing number of women work full time. In this reality, it is widely believed that house chores should be shared between men and women equally. During the course of this essay, I would present possible causes to this phenomenon as well as potential drawbacks of that said trend.
Obviously, there are a plethora of causes for this perspective. One of the most widely accepted is to promote gender equality. A stereotype taking root in society is that females are bound to stay home, taking care of the family since marriage which is relatively labour-intensive. The method, however, could have quite a few drawbacks. This will make women more inclined to keep up with what is happening on the job market, thereby creating a situation in which they may find it difficult to rejoin society. To avoid this, many women are willing to return to the workforce spontaneously after their maternity leave, and in this situation, it makes sense that their husbands should share part of the household chores fulfilling their family responsibilities.
Nevertheless, it is essential to acknowledge several drawbacks of this trend. One potential downside is that men are considered to be less experienced in dealing with household tasks since many seldom take an active role in doing housework, according to the customs of many countries. As a result, they possibly end up doing household tasks in an inferior manner, which could contribute to some unnecessary quarrels between partners. Eventually, these conflicts could hinder their family bond. Besides, spending a proportion of time for doing household tasks could significantly reduce the time allocated to work as the main breadwinner of the father figure; therefore, the financial prosperity of the family could receive negative impacts.
To sum up, although some conflicts might be witnessed in equally sharing the duties of household tasks, the benefits of this trend are relatively obvious.
2. Vocab highlights
- Stereotype: định kiến xã hội
- Labour-intensive: tốn nhiều công sức
- To rejoin society: trở lại cuộc sống hàng ngày
- Maternity leave: nghỉ thai sản
- Quarrel: cãi vã nhỏ/ càm ràm hàng ngày
- Hinder: ảnh hưởng xấu/ ngăn cản
|The diagram shows rainwater is collected for the use of drinking water in an Australian town. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people say that art (e.g. painting, music, poetry) can be made by everyone whereas others believe that it can be only made by those with special abilities. Discuss both views and give your opinion.|
|The charts give information about world forest in five differjent regions. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people say that sports play an important role in society. Others, however, think that it is nothing more than a leisure activity. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.|
|The charts compare the number of people per household in the UK in 1981 and 2001.|
The two stacked bar charts detail the UK’s household demographics in 1981 and 2001. The initial impression from the chart is that 1-person and 2-person households were the second most and the most common family classifications in both given years, and they also experienced rises in percentages. The remaining groups made up smaller proportions and underwent corresponding drops, with the 6-person household being the least popular one.
In 1981, 2-person household made up 31%, ranking first among the given household type, after which the rate underwent a mild rise to 34% in 2001. A similar picture is evident in 1-person household, with its figure accounting for 17% and thereafter rising to 26% in 2001.
Opposite patterns could be observed with regard to the remaining groups. In 1981 the shares of 3-person, 4-person, 5-person and 6-person were 20%, 18%, 8% and 6% respectively. Over the next 20 years, they all decreased by similar margins (of around 2-3%) to 17%, 15%, 6% and 2%.
|Some education systems make students focus on certain subjects at the age of 15, while others require students to study a wide range of subjects until they leave school. What are the benefits of each system? Which do you think is a better educational system?|
In certain parts of the world, high school students are required to study a wide array of subjects whereas in some other regions, a narrower teaching scope is preferred. Either educational paradigm offers its own distinct benefits, yet I consider the latter to be the better system.
An education system comprised of a huge number of subjects is often believed to provide students with solid foundations of different natural and societal concepts. For example, a 6th grader in Vietnam is supposed to study around 12-13 subjects, which cover a very wide range of thematic areas, in the hope that at the end of the academic year, they are able to be decent at doing maths, carrying out some basic scientific experiments, and understanding key notions of history and literature. In a sense, this can be beneficial if all of the aspects are well taught, and students’ knowledge is well retained up until they graduate from high school at the age of 15.
However, I would argue that an emphasis on a certain number of subjects is a better educational approach, as it relieves students’ study pressure and allows for greater learning focus. School examinations designed for such an education system are often unnecessarily stressful, and it is not rare to encounter cases of students contemplating suicide for failure to do well in tests.
Moreover, more time spent on some particular subjects results in better knowledge retention and skill mastery. Teenagers who have a gift for music, for example, may end up becoming much better musicians in their future career if they can allocate more time doing rehearsals than being forced to memorise large amounts of information for examinations.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that students can reap greater benefits from an education system which includes a certain number of academic disciplines. In the 21st century when professionalism and personal development are highlighted, such a paradigm will be embraced by more and more educational reformers.
- wide array of: một sự đa dạng
- teaching scope: chương trình/phạm vi giảng dạy
- educational paradigm: mô hình giáo dục
- distinct benefits: lợi ích thấy rõ
- be comprised of: bao gồm
- solid foundations: nền tảng vững chắc
- thematic areas: chủ đề, lĩnh vực, bộ môn
- in the hope that: với hi vọng rằng
- key notion: khái niệm căn bản
- retain: giữ lại
- relieve students’ study pressure: giảm nhẹ áp lực học tập
- contemplate suicide: nghĩ về việc tự sát
- knowledge retention: giữ lại kiến thức
- skill mastery: thành thạo kỹ năng
- have a gift for: có năng khiếu
- educational reformer: nhà cải cách giáo dục
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 06/2020
|The maps show the changes of an office building between the present and the future. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Research into new types of medicine and treatments are essential for improving health and deal with diseases. Who do you think should fund these researches: private companies, individuals or governments?|
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
(dạng bài đặc biệt)
|The diagram below describes how storm water is recycled in an Australian city.|
The diagram provides a breakdown of stormwater harvesting in an unspecified Australian city. The initial impression from the diagram is that rainwater from drains undergoes various physical and chemical processes underground to become clean water which is stored and then reused on sunny days.
The process commences when stormwater runoff is collected from drains and then flows in pipes into an underground water recycling plant where it goes through four distinct treatment phases. Large wastes such as plastic and rubbish are discarded in the first phase, and smaller particles are later filtered out in the second phase. Microscopic impurities such as bacteria, viruses, molecules, and salt are then removed in the third and fourth phases.
Once purified, stormwater is chlorinated at 4mg/l, after which it is stored in a chamber. The process ends when the water, now safe for domestic use, is sent back to Australian households and reused on sunny days.
- stormwater harvesting: tái sử dụng nước mưa
- drain: cống
- runoff: dòng chảy
- distinct: riêng biệt
- discard: loại bỏ
- particle: phần tử
- filter out: lọc ra
- microscopic impurities: chất bẩn nhỏ không thể nhìn bằng mắt thường
|It is not necessary to travel to travel to other places to learn the culture of other people. We can learn just as much from books, films and the internet . Do you agree or disagree?|
(Vietop sẽ cập nhật sample sau nhé!)
|The chart and table below give information about what nursing graduates did after finishing their course in the UK in 2009.Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Cyclists and car drivers sharing the same road might cause some problems. What are the problems? What could be done to solve those problems?|
|Annual average spending on clothes per person in the US in 1985, 1995 and 2005.|
|Nowadays, more and more women decide to have children later in their life? why? Does the advantage or disadvantage?|
|The monthly price of exported rice from ThaiLand and VietNam from 2012 to 2015 (Million dollars per tons)|
|Some cities create housing areas by providing taller buildings. Others create housing by building houses on a wider area of land. Which solution is better?|
|Governments should support care vs finance for retired people. While they should save money when they get older. Discuss both views and give opinion?|
|The line graph below shows the production of paper, wood pulp and sawn-wood in the UK from 1980 to 2000. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people think the qualities a person needs to become successful in today’s world cannot be learned at a university or similar academic institution.To what extent do you agree or disagree ?|
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 07/2020
|The table below shows information and predictions regarding the change in percentage of population aged 65 and above in three countries.Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Young people today spend too much money and time following fashion trends (clothing, tech) . To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The diagrams below show changes in Felixstone in the UK between 1967 and 2001. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|As parts of education, students should spend a period of time living in another country to learn its language and culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The table below shows the number of cars made in three countries in 2003, 2006 and 2009. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Employers nowadays put more emphasis on social skills. Some people believe that social skills are important in addition to good qualifications for job success. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The picture below shows the use of renewable energy accounting the total energy from 1971 to 2006. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
(Vietop sẽ cập nhật bài mẫu trong thời gian sớm nhất).
|In many countries, people are spending more hours at their workplace. Why is that? Is that a negative and positive development?|
Working overtime has been increasingly common among employees in many countries. The reason for this is the need for extra remuneration to survive, and my firm conviction is that this is more likely to bring about negative consequences.
The major reason why many people wish to work extra hours is the added payment they receive in addition to their monthly wages. Indeed, in recent years the escalating cost of living has made life increasingly difficult for people from lower classes, the salary of whom barely suffices to afford basic necessities.
This is especially the case in big cities where citizens find themselves heavily indebted when trying to handle prohibitively high day-to-day living expenses. Working additional shifts for money, consequently, has been less of an option but more of an obligation for the survival and the well-being of citizens living on low-to-middle incomes.
Working overtime negatively affects workers’ health and their personal life. In countries where work commitment is considered a virtue, employees often feel obliged to sacrifice normal eating habits and workout time for more working hours, and they are eventually subject to deteriorating health as a result.
In the worst scenario, workaholism brings in its wake ‘karoshi’, the term which was originally coined by the Japanese in the 20th century and has become increasingly popular worldwide, to indicate work-related morality. Moreover, spending more hours at work means less time for families. Many issues such as domestic violence or juvenile delinquency often result from working parents’ negligence in taking care of their children.
In conclusion, employees’ inclination towards working overtime stem from the desire to earn more, and my firm conviction is that this is a negative development as it worsens their health and deprives them of their time for family.
- overtime: (làm) thêm giờ so với giờ làm việc quy định
- remuneration: tiền nhận được khi làm việc
- added payment: phần tiền kiếm thêm
- escalating cost of living: mức sống tăng cao
- suffice: đủ
- basic necessities: nhu yếu phẩm
- prohibitively high: cao quá mức
- living expenses: chi phí sinh hoạt
- work commitment: sự tận tụy trong công việc
- virtue: đức tính
- workaholism: sự đam mê công việc
- bring in its wake: mang theo nó
- work-related morality: tử vong liên quan đến công việc
- domestic violence: bạo hành gia đình
- juvenile delinquency: phạm pháp vị thành niên
- result from: bắt nguồn từ
- negligence: sự xao nhãng trách nhiệm
- stem from: bắt nguồn từ
- inclination: sự nghiêng về
|The graph below shows the percentage of immigrants to Australia from five countries in 1962, 1982 and 2002. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
The bar chart details the proportion of people immigrating to Australia from five countries in 1962, 1982 and 2002. Overall, whilst immigrant rates from New Zealand and Italy decreased, those of the UK, Vietnam, and India rose in the first half of the period, but later experienced drops in the second half, with Vietnam undergoing the most significant fluctuation.
In 1962, 40% of the immigrants to Australia were Italian, ranking first among the five nations surveyed. The rates of the remaining countries were much lower, with 10% each for the UK and Vietnam, around 8% for New Zealand, and below 3% for India.
The rankings, however, changed significantly over the next 20 years when the Vietnamese became the dominant group of immigrants, experiencing a nearly threefold leap to 25%, whilst Italian rates halved to 20%. In the meantime, the figures for the UK and India were higher, adding up to 17% and 15% respectively. New Zealand’s rate was the only one to show a downward trend, falling moderately to 5%.
In 2002, it can be seen that immigrant demographics were more evenly dispersed. The rates of four over five countries (the UK, India, Vietnam, and Italy) accounted for 12-15%, as opposed to a negligible 5% for New Zealand.
|Some people focus on news in their country, while others think it is more important to be aware of international news. Discuss both views and give your opinion.|
(Vietop sẽ cập nhật bài mẫu trong thời gian sớm nhất)
|The table and pie chart give information about the population in Australia according to different nationalities and areas. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people think that schools should choose students according to their academic abilities, while others think it is better to have students of different abilities studying together. Discuss both views and state your own opinion?|
Đề thi IELST Writing Tháng 08/2020
|The chart below shows the average hours spent per day in leisure and sports activities, by youngest and oldest populations, in the US, in 2015. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Nowadays people waste a lot of food that was bought from shops and restaurants. Why do you think people waste food? What can be done to reduce the amount of food they throw away?|
|The table below shows the number of visitors in the UK and their average spending from 2003 to 2008. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people say that the government should spend more money taking care of elderly people while others think that government spending should be spent more on the education of young people. Discuss both views and give your opinion.|
|The bar charts and line graph below show the results of a survey conducted over a three-year period to discover what people who live in London think of the city. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people think the money spent on developing technology for space exploration is not justified. However, there are more beneficial ways to spend this money. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The table below shows the average weekly salaries of men and of women working in different occupations. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Many companies sponsor sports as a way for advertising themselves. Some people think it is good for the world of sports, while others think there are disadvantages to this. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.|
|The maps below show changes to the ground floor plan of a university department in 2000 and 2015|
|The most essential component of a person’s life is his or her time at working place, and life turns meaningless once no job satisfaction is obtained. To what extent do you agree of disagree?|
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 09/2020
|The diagram gives information about the process of making carbonated drinks.|
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
|Some educationalists say that every child should be taught how to play a musical instrument. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The graph below shows information about the total oil consumption of four major consumers from 2009 to 2030. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Online communication is becoming more popular than face-to-face communication in many companies. Do the advantages of this outweigh its disadvantages?|
|The table below shows information and predictions regarding the change in the percentage of the population aged 65 and above in three countries. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|In many countries, plastic containers have become more popular than ever. They are used in many businesses such as the food and drink industry. Do you think the advantages of this outweigh its disadvantages?|
|The graphs show changes in the trends of the urban and rural population and by different age groups from 1950 to 2040. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Internet technology means people do not need to travel to foreign countries to understand how others live. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?|
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 10/2020
|The diagram shows the design of a modern landfill for household waste. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people say that the experiences a child has before starting school have the most influence on their future life. Others say that experiences as a teenager, esp at school is more influential. Discuss both views and give your own opinion?|
|The table below shows a survey on the preference of different age groups in a European country on different TV programmes in 2012. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|It is suggested that primary children should learn how to grow vegetables and keep animals. Do the advantages of this outweigh its disadvantages?|
|The diagrams below show the present building of a college and the plan for changes to the college site in the future. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|People are living longer after they retire. What are the problems? What can be done to solve these problems?|
|The pie and bar charts below show the percentage of water consumption and use in Australia in 2004. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.|
|People say that it is a waste of time for high school students to learn literature such as novels and poems.To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 11/2020
|The bar chart below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over of three countries in 1980 and 2000 and prediction in 2030.|
|Some people think that outdoor activities bring beneficial for children’s development than playing computer games. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The following are two filter systems.Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
|Some people argue that individuals’ freedom should be in accordance with laws and rules, otherwise, society cannot function as it should be. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
|The diagrams show human’s cutting tools 1.4 million years ago and 80,000 years ago. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
Diagram dạng đặc biệt. Dạng này có độ khó cao so với các dạng processes thông thường vì vốn nó không phải quy trình (không có mũi tên). Thêm vào đó, số lượng chú thích khá ít khiến thí sinh gặp không ít khó khăn.
Nhìn chung, trong khoảng thời gian nhất định, công cụ cắt thời kỳ đồ đá đã được tinh chế từ một mảnh đá rời rạc đơn giản nên sắc nét và tinh vi hơn.
The given diagrams depict the development of a Stone Age cutting tool between 1.4 million years ago and 0.8 million years ago.
In general, over the given time frame, the Stone Age cutting tool has been refined from a simple fragmented piece of rock to a sharper, more sophisticated one.
The cutting tool from 1.4 million years ago was a jagged piece of rock with no identifiable shape. Its front and back side were somewhat asymmetric, and looking at the rear view, we can see that the tool was thick, and its edge was quite blunt. The overall length of the tool was about 7-8 centimeters.
Further refinement was made to the 0.8-million-year-old stone cutting tool. The tool was 2-3 centimeters longer, and it was shaped to more or less resemble a primitive, teardrop-shaped knife that was quite rough in the front and rather smooth in the back. The tip of the tool was pointed, and its edge appeared to be relatively sharp compared to its earlier, 1.4-million-year-old version.
|depict (v):||khắc họa, mô tả|
|refine (v): ⇒ refinement||được điều chỉnh cho tốt hơn|
|fragmented (adj):||bị phân mảnh, thành mảnh nhỏ|
|sophisticated (adj):||tinh xảo, tinh vi|
|jagged (adj):||gồ ghề|
|asymmetric (adj):||bất đối xứng, không đối xứng|
|blunt (adj):||cùn, lụt|
|resemble (v):||trông giống như|
|primitive (adj):||sơ khai|
|teardrop-shaped (adj):||hình giọt nước|
|Government should make laws about people’s nutrition and food choice. Other argue that is their choice. Discuss both views and give your opinion.|
(IELTS Vietop sẽ cập nhật sample task 2 sau nhé!)
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 12/2020
|The bar chart describes the sales of different goods in pounds ( £) in the UK over four seasons in 2015.|
|Some people think that children should aim to their best at what they doing. Others disagree. Discuss both views and give your own opinion?|
|The diagrams below show changes of a cinema from 1980 until now. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
The maps depict modifications made to an unspecified cinema from 1980 to the present day. Overall, the cinema underwent extensive renovations, with the addition of more cinemas and various other amenities to the left-hand and right-hand sides.
In 1980, the cinema was largely vacant with only two cinemas, the first of which was sited to the immediate left of the entrance, the second of which was positioned to the relatively unoccupied right-hand side. Over the next 40 years, this part of the cinema was filled with three additional cinemas, with the original Cinema 1 and 2 relocated to the left-hand side.
Other major changes include the addition of facilities that cater for the various needs of moviegoers. An area in which food and drink are served and a room for relaxation are established, taking up the space where there was once Cinema 1. Additionally, the old drink stall in the right corner near the entrance was converted into a DVD shop. The parts that are left unchanged include the toilet (now sited between Cinema 1 and 2) and the ticket box office to the left of the entrance.
- modification: sự thay đổi, điều chỉnh
- unspecified: không xác định
- extensive renovations: sự đổi mới toàn diện
- amenity: cơ sở vật chất
- vacant: trống trải
- unoccupied: trống, chưa có gì choán chỗ
- cater for: phục vụ
- additionally: thêm vào đó
- drink stall: quầy bán nước
- be converted (into): được chuyển đổi thành
|Some people say that modern technology has made shopping today easier, while others disagree. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.|
Opinions differ as to whether advanced technology today assists shopping. Even if it bears some inconveniences such as the absence of try-on opportunities and inadequate refund policies, I personally believe this development brings more benefits because it saves time and energy, offers more choices, and provides more product details.
On the one hand, online shopping can fall short at times. One distinct drawback is the fact that for clothes purchased online, trying on is virtually impossible. Not having the ability to physically check the products can be an issue since the purchased item can be unfit or have some minor details they do not favour. Refund policy can also be deemed disadvantageous for some reasons. The aforementioned problem of ill-fitting clothing or unnecessary details make shoppers, in some cases, want to exchange to another product or even a refund. Since the trade is conducted electronically, reimbursement can be quite time-consuming and complicated as filling out a set of forms as well as waiting for responses from the stores are really a daunting task.
Advocates, on the other hand, have a strong argument when supporting this development. The first striking benefit is resources and time can be easily saved. People today tend to click on items from an e-commerce website and pay online, even though it is late at night or early in the morning, rather than traveling a long drive to a big-brand store. Bargain hunters can conveniently shop more than they used to, and online stores are highly competitive with other stores, which drives prices down. Price-comparison websites make deal hunting easier and they can find the most affordable online retailers. Another notable feature is public feedback by verifiable clients. By reading reviews submitted by other shoppers, people can quickly find the shop with the best reputations or the most worth-buying item.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that as long as shoppers select carefully items to shop online based on their types and reviews, digital technology is indeed a valuable tool for shopping due to its time-saving functionality and a wide variety of competitive pricing.
- To bear (v): chịu
- Inadequate (adj): Không đủ, thiếu
- Virtually (adv): hầu như. Đồng nghĩa: Nearly, almost
- Refund Policy: chính sách đổi trả
- Reimbursement (n): tiền hoàn trả
- Advocate (n): người ủng hộ
- E-commerce (n): thương mại số
- Bargain hunter (n): người săn khuyến mãi
- Retailer (n): Người hoặc doanh nghiệp bán lẻ
|The percentage of people by age group in one country in 2015. Who used mobile/cell phone for four situations.|
|To succeed in a business, one needs to know maths. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?|
|The chart show the different how three countries learn English in 2010 and 2015.|
|In some countries, only a few young people go to classical music concerts or plays and performances in theater. Why? Should young people be encouraged to attend more classical music plays and performances?|
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