Trong kỳ thi IELTS 2019, phần thi IELTS Writing đã mang đến đa dạng các đề thi tạo điều kiện để các bạn thí sinh thể hiện khả năng viết và biểu đạt ý tưởng bằng tiếng Anh. Do đó, IELTS Vietop gửi đến bạn tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Writing 2019 Task 1 và 2 kèm bài mẫu chi tiết. Cùng bắt đầu hành trình khám phát và phát triển kỹ năng viết IELTS bạn nhé.
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 02/2019
|Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will not be needed because people can see historical objects and works of art by using a computer. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion?|
Đây là dạng đề agree/disagree dựa trên quan điểm “viện bảo tàng & phòng trưng bày nghệ thuật sẽ không còn cần thiết nữa do hiện nay người dân có thể dùng máy (vi) tính để xem hiện vật lịch sử & các tác phẩm nghệ thuật”
They were necessary in the past => due to the lack of information technology (trước đây thì cần => do thiếu công nghệ thông tin)
But not now => stay at home comfortably watching historical artefacts & art works on the screen of a computer with internet connection (hiện nay không cần nữa => do có thể ngồi nhà thoải mái xem hiện vật lịch sử & các tác phẩm nghệ thuật trên màn hình máy tính có kết nối internet)
There is an argument that the use of computers to observe art works and historical artefacts will soon lead to the disappearance of public museums and art galleries. Such a perspective is not really convincing.
Admittedly, in this digital era, computer science and information technology have adverse effects on everything conventional, including art galleries and museums.
Fewer and fewer local people these days travel to such places partly because it is more convenient to stay at home using computers and the Internet to enjoy watching what used to be seen only by paying a visit to a museum to see exhibits with their own eyes or an art gallery to appreciate certain paintings.
However, claiming that computers will make the facilities at issue die out is far from reasonable. First off, without physical art galleries and museums, it would be almost impossible to create online images of historical artefacts and paintings.
Even if it is possible, such future images would be fake ones only. Secondly, the global trend towards deindustrialization currently built by tech moguls would help make it understandable how the existence of museums and art galleries still plays an indispensable role in this modern world.
Steve Jobs and Bill Gates, to name but a few, raised their children nearly tech-free as they were well aware of the devastating effects of information technology on kids.
What is more, without museums and associated places, tourists would have no culturally and historically important destinations to visit, and, more seriously, local children would not have any chance to witness what they have theoretically learnt at school.
All things considered, my firm belief is that art facilities are not likely to suffer disappearance in the future, merely because they remain essential.
– 288 words – Written by IELTS Vietop
Some vocab items
- Historical artefacts/artifacts: Hiện vật lịch sử
- Art works / works of art: Tác phẩm nghệ thuật
- In this digital era: Trong thời đại kỹ thuật số hiện nay
- Negative/adverse/damaging/detrimental/devastating effects: Tác hại (khủng khiếp)
- To see X with one’s own eyes: Nhìn thấy X tận mắt / tận mắt thấy X
- The X at issue: Cái X đang bàn
- Far from reasonable: Nghe không có lý tí nào
- The global trend towards deindustrialization: Xu thế toàn cầu hướng về sự phi công nghiệp hóa + to name but a few: Xin dẫn ra một vài thí dụ tiêu biểu
- To raise children tech-free: Nuôi dạy con cái theo lối sống phi công nghệ
- Culturally and historically important destinations: Những điểm đến/du lịch quan trọng về phương diện văn hoá và lịch sử.
Some grammatical structures
- To enjoy doing X: Thưởng thức/ thích thú (việc) làm X
- Without X, it would be impossible to do Y: Không có X, không thể nào làm Y
- X currently built by Y would help… / X which is currently built by Y would help…: X đang được Y xây dựng có thể giúp…
- In this modern world / in today’s world / in this modern-day society / in this day and age / these days: Trong xã hội/ thế giới/ thời buổi hiện nay
- To be well aware of X / to know well about X / to know X well: Biết rõ về X
- What is more / Moreover / Furthermore / In addition / Additionally: Ngoài ra
Xem thêm: Khóa học IELTS online được nhiều bạn tại TPHCM theo học nhất – Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé!
|More and more people want to buy famous brands of clothes, car and other items. Why is this trend? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?|
Đây là dạng đề “two-part question” theo cách phân loại của Simon. Một vế hỏi chúng ta tại sao lại có người thích sử dụng hàng hiệu; vế còn lại đòi hỏi chúng ta đưa ra quan điểm cá nhân rằng đây là xu hướng tích cực hay tiêu cực.
Sơ lược ta có thể trình bày bài viết như sau:
Body para 1: Reasons why people want to buy famous brands
1. Because the quality is guaranteed 2. Social acceptance and fitting in
Body para 2: I think this is negative.
1. This destroys small brands. E.g. Apple and Samsung dominate the phone markets 2. This gives too much power to famous ones.
In recent years, people have been more inclined towards buying products that are from famous brands. There are several reasons behind this, and I think this is a negative development. International household names, such as Coca-cola for beverages, BMW for cars and Apple for phones, have been globally recognized for their high quality.
When people buy branded merchandise, they also buy the guarantee that what they buy performs well, lasts long or has excellent customer services. People buy iPhones knowing that those phones are relatively stable, that they will probably last for 1-2 years and that they can have them fixed almost anywhere in the world.
The inclination towards famous brand names also stems from the desire for social acceptance. Everyone has a desire to fit in, and buying products that everybody knows is one way of showing that one is a part of a specific community. In my opinion, the dominance of famous brands is highly detrimental, as it obliterates healthy competition among companies.
Take smartphones as an example: in recent years, the smartphones market has fallen into the hands of the two greatest moguls Apple and Samsung, leaving smaller brands or startups completely unable to sell their products. As a result, such a monopoly hinders innovations, for future trends and technology have entirely been decided by only one or two large corporations.
Furthermore, several big companies such as Microsoft or Facebook have significantly driven the society in their own way, and by continuing to support those brands, we are giving them even more power and ultimately the powers those large corporations possess can be a serious threat to the government and the society as a whole.
In conclusion, some people tend to buy famous brands because of their high-quality products and the feeling of fitting in. My firm conviction is that this trend is negative to smaller companies and even to the society.
– 315 Words – Written by IELTS Vietop
Some vocab items
- Globally recognized: Được công nhận toàn cầu
- Branded merchandise: Sản phẩm có thương hiệu
- Inclination towards: Xu hướng nghiên về
- Stem from: Bắt nguồn từ
- Social acceptance: Sự công nhận của xã hội
- Dominance: Sự thống trị
- Obliterate: Hủy diệt
- Mogul: Nhân vật có sức ảnh hưởng lớn ở một lĩnh vực.
Some grammatical structures
- Mệnh đề phân từ rút gọn cho “because” và “and”: People buy iPhones knowing that those phones are relatively stable. (…because they know that…). In recent years, the smartphones market has been fallen into the hands of the two greatest moguls Apple and Samsung, leaving smaller brands or startups completely unable to sell their products. (…and this leaves…).
- Dẫn chứng về mệnh đề phân từ rút gọn cho “because” và “and”: (Ready for Advanced – Roy Norris).
Xem thêm: Nominalisation – Cách định danh trong văn viết Tiếng Anh hiệu quả
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 03/2019
|The world of work is changing rapidly and people cannot depend on the same job or same conditions of work for life. Discuss the possible causes for these changes and give your suggestions on how people should prepare for work in the future.|
One of the brutal truths is that fast-paced changes in today’s workplace are leading to the impossibility to do one and the same job or stay in one and the same work environment until retirement. It is, therefore, worth considering the reasons for and solutions to this issue.
There is a wide range of causes, but pressures of globalization are a crystal-clear factor. As a result of globalization, many people working for multinational corporations, such as Nestlé, are normally required to move to other cities or countries to work for a certain period of time.
This results in the fact that workers keep changing their workplace, which is also associated with other problems such as aggressive competition in the jobs market between local and foreign workers as well as between locals and locals. That is not to mention mind-boggling technological changes, including automation, in today’s globalized world.
In consequence, it is possibly effective to address the aforesaid issue by adopting a strategy that has been used by the human species of Homo sapiens for millions of years. It is nothing but the skill to adapt.
This could be conducted by providing career orientation and counselling services in educational institutions to help students become better prepared for this modern world of globalized trends filled with risks. Emphasis should be placed on useful problem-solving techniques, ranging from how to tackle minor problems, such as changing from an old-fashioned work environment to one with newly furbished offices, through how to cope with major problems, including switching to an unfamiliar job requiring a totally new set of skills or expertise.
In brief, the phenomenon in question is mainly caused by globalization pressures, which could be handled by making efforts to adapt.
– 287 words- Written by IELTS Vietop
Some vocab items:
- A brutal truth: Sự thật phũ phàng;
- Fast-paced changes: Thay đổi nhanh;
- The impossibility to do X: (sự) Không thể nào làm X;
- A wide range of causes: (rất) Nhiều nguyên nhân;
- Globalization pressures / Pressures of globalization: Áp lực toàn cầu hoá;
- A crystal-clear factor: Nhân/yếu tố quá rõ nét;
- A multinational corporation: Công ty đa quốc gia;
- For a certain period of time: (Kéo dài) 1 khoảng thời gian nhất định;
- Aggressive competition: Cạnh tranh gay gắt;
- That is not to mention X: Đó là còn chưa kể đến X;
- Automation: (sự) Tự động hoá;
- To address the aforesaid/aforementioned issue: Giải quyết vấn đề nói trên;
- To adopt/use a strategy: Sử dụng chiến lược;
- The skill to adapt: Kỹ năng thích nghi/ứng;
- To conduct: Thực hiện;
- Career orientation: Hướng nghiệp;
- Counselling services: Dịch vụ tham/tư vấn;
- Educational institutions: Các cơ sở giáo dục;
- To be filled with risks: Đầy rủi ro;
- Problem-solving techniques: Những kỹ thuật giải quyết vấn đề;
- To tackle minor problems: Giải quyết vấn đề nhỏ;
- To cope with major problems: Ứng phó vấn đề lớn;
- Old-fashioned: Theo kiểu cũ / lỗi thời;
- Newly furbished offices: Những văn phòng trang bị mới;
- A totally new set of skills or expertise: 1 loạt kỹ năng chuyên môn hoàn toàn mới;
- X in question: Cái X đang bàn;
- To make efforts: Cố gắng / nỗ lực.
Some grammatical structures:
- X leads to Y / X results in Y: Y từ X mà ra;
- Until retirement / until one is retired: Đến khi về hưu,
- As a result of X / Due to X / Because of X / On account of X: Do X
- Many people working (/ who work) for X are..: Nhiều người làm cho X thì…
- It is nothing but X: Không gì khác hơn là X;
- In consequence / Consequently / As a result / Therefore: Do đó;
- To range from X to/through Y: Trải dài/rộng từ X đến Y;
- Unfamiliar jobs requiring X / unfamiliar jobs which require X: Những việc không quen thuộc đòi hỏi phải có X.
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Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 042019
|The bar chart shows the rate of overweight males and females in Australia from 1980 to 2010.|
The given bar chart compares the proportion of overweight Australians, classified according to gender, over the 30-year course from 1980 to 2010.
The initial impression from the chart is that the Australian overweight rates generally increased. Over the last 10 years of the given period, the figures underwent a mild drop for men, and a plateau for women.
In 1980, around 49% Australian men were reported overweight. Over the next 10 years, this figure experienced a marginal rise to roughly 54%, followed by a much steeper growth to a peak of 70% in 2000. The figure thereafter decreased slightly and eventually reached 68% in 2010.
A similar pattern could be observed in the figure for women. In 1980, the female overweight rates stood at 30%. The 1990-2000 period recorded a steady increase in the proportion of overweight females, with its figure rising by 10% every 10 years, reaching 50% in 2010, and eventually it levelled off at this point towards the end of the period.
Gợi ý: Cách làm dạng Bar Chart trong IELTS Writing Task 1 chuẩn
|People have little understanding of the importance of the natural world, what are the reasons and how can people learn more about the natural world?|
1. Topic analysis:
Category (thể loại đề): cause and solution (nguyên nhân và biện pháp)Issue (vấn đề cần bàn): việc mọi người không biết nhiều về thế giới tự nhiên
Causes (Nguyên nhân): Education: lack of practice, only theories about this topic (chỉ có lí thuyết, thiếu thực hành về chủ đề này);Not enough number of qualified social campaigns on the media (không có đủ lượng chiến dịch xã hội trên mạng xã hội).
Solutions (Biện pháp): Academic programs should be adjusted (chương trình học thuật cần được điều chỉnh); Government should invest in more social campaigns (chính phủ nên đầu tư hơn vào chiến dịch xã hội).
Xem thêm: Cách viết dạng Problems and Solutions trong IELTS Writing Task 2
In this era, knowledge about natural habitats is sadly not widely known. The reasons for this may be numerous; however, there are a few main causes for which solutions can be suggested.
The two chief sources of this trend are poor education and the lack of social campaigns. First and foremost, it is likely that people possess little knowledge about the natural world since they are insufficiently taught about this topic in schools. Indeed, most academic programs in many countries only focus on theory instead of providing students with practice.
For instance, children are not able to learn about how ecosystems work without truly witnessing that with their own eyes. This leads to the fact that lessons about nature are easily forgotten and diluted. Secondly, this tendency may be the result of the lack of social campaigns.
Specifically, these campaigns would be able to educate a great number of citizens about nature with the support of media development. However, they do not receive sufficient investments, which results in the fact that there are few contents shown to the public with little quality.
As a consequence, a few steps can be taken to tackle this problem. Firstly, academic programs should be redesigned with more practical contents. For example, there could be more extracurricular activities for students to obtain some actual experience by visiting nature conservation areas or zoos.
Besides, the government should consider investing greater financial resources in making social campaigns about the natural world. In particular, the content should be interesting enough to capture public attention, imprint the relevant knowledge in their minds, and compete with commercials in terms of on-air time.
In general, the shortage of practical contents in schools and the low number of social campaigns are the two major causes, and making positive adjustments to education and governmental funding are two possible solutions to this issue.
-309 words- Written by IELTS Vietop
- In this era: Ở thời đại ngày nay
- Natural habitat: Môi trường sống tự nhiên
- Widely: Rộng rãi
- Chief = main = major: Chính
- Social campaign: Chiến dịch xã hội
- Possess: Sở hữu
- Insufficiently: Một cách không đầy đủ -> sufficient: Đầy đủ
- Academic program: Chương trình đào tạo
- Theory: Lý thuyết
- Ecosystem: Hệ sinh thái
- Truly: Thật sự
- Witness: Chứng kiến
- Tendency: Xu hướng
- The lack of sth = the shortage of sth: Sự thiếu thốn…
- A great number of….: Một số lượng lớn của…
- Citizen: Người dân
- Investment: Sự đầu tư -> invest in sth: Đầu tư vào…
- Tackle: Giải quyết
- Redesign: Thiết kế lại
- Extracurricular activity: Hoạt động ngoại khóa
- Obtain experience: Lấy kinh nghiệm
- Nature conservation area: Khu bảo tồn thiên nhiên
- Imprint knowledge in sb’s mind: Khắc sâu kiến thức vào tâm trí ai đó
- Commercial: Quảng cáo thương mại
- Adjustment: Sự điều chỉnh
- Governmental funding: Quỹ chính phủ.
There are a few main causes for which solutions can be suggested: Có một vài nguyên nhân mà từ đó các biện pháp có thể được đề xuất.
- It is likely that S+V+O: Có khả năng…
- This leads to the fact that S+V+O: Điều này dẫn đến sự thật là….
- S+ be the result of ….: Là kết quả của…
- S + result in….: Điều gì đó dẫn đến…
Trọn bộ đề IELTS Writing Task 1 và IELTS Writing Task 2 qua từng năm
|The maps below show the changes in the art gallery ground floor in 2015 and present day.|
The maps depict modifications to the ground floor of an unspecified art gallery from 2015 to the present day. Overall, the ground floor underwent a complete transformation with various facilities being relocated, replaced or added.
Between 2015 and the present day, the reception desk was relocated to a position where it is closer to the entrance. The hall was further expanded to the right-hand side of the ground floor, taking up the space where there once was a gallery office. There is now a lift adjacent to the former stairs, and the café on the top left corner of the ground floor was converted into a gallery shop with a vending machine located just outside.
Another major change to the area was the re-arrangement of the exhibition rooms. The exhibition room #4 on the left-hand side of the room was divided into a temporary one and an area for children, while the three exhibition rooms on the right-hand side remain unchanged. The final change made to the layout of the ground floor is the additional ramp for wheelchairs, which makes the gallery become more accessible to the disabled.
-188 words- Written by IELTS Vietop
- Relocate (v): Chuyển chỗ
- Replace (v): Thay thế
- Add (v): Thêm vào
- The right-hand side (n): Bên tay phải
- The left-hand side (n): Bên tay trái
- Adjacent to = next to: Kế bên
- Accessible (adj) to: Dễ tiếp cận
- The disabled (n, plural): Người khuyết tật
Xem thêm: Bộ từ vựng cho IELTS Writing Task 1
- With various facilities being PP…: Với nhiều phòng ốc, phương tiện được…
- where there once was: Nơi đã từng là…
|People can eat a wide variety of food that can be grown in other areas. As a result, people eat more food produced in other regions than local food. Do you think the advantages of this trend outweigh the disadvantages?|
The consumption of imported food has gained popularity in recent years. In my opinion, this has both positive and negative consequences in equal measure.
One distinct benefit of imported food is the fact that it offers consumers more choices. Thanks to the act of importing food, people from different countries are able to enjoy different kinds of produce that are non-existent in their home countries.
Many of the delicacies we like, several of which would appear in our tonight’s dinner tables, are a mixture of ingredients indigenous to different parts of the world. Therefore, it would be a huge loss if we relied solely on local ingredients. Furthermore, foreign food encourages healthy competition among food processing companies, and this will eventually lead to increased food quality.
However, the drawbacks of imported food should not be overlooked. The act of transporting food from a country to another requires frequent use of airplanes, the most fuel-hungry means of transport in the world.
A typical Boeing 747 burns thousands of gallons of fuel per flight, and such a huge amount of gasoline burnt is highly detrimental to the atmosphere. Moreover, preservatives are often added to perishable food so that it does not spoil during the transporting stage, and some people fear that such chemicals would be harmful for daily use.
In conclusion, I believe that the rise in the consumption of imported food can open up a better array of choices and add some spices to our meals, yet its effects on the environment and on our health should also be taken into great consideration.
- In equal measure (prepositional phrase): Có mức độ ngang nhau, tương đương nhau
- Produce (n/U): Nông sản
- Non-existent (n): Không tồn tại
- Indigenous (adj) to: Thuộc về bản địa của
- Overlook (v): Bỏ qua, xem thường
- Preservatives (n): Chất bảo quản
- Perishable food (n): Thức ăn dễ bị hư hỏng
- Array (n): Một nhóm đa dạng
- Take into consideration: Xem xét
- Several of which: Số từ + of + mệnh đề quan hệ có thể được dùng để thêm thông tin về số lượng.Ví dụ: I have three pens, all of which are originated from China.
- It would be a huge loss if we relied on…: Mệnh đề điều kiện loại 2 miêu tả một sự việc trái với sự thật ở hiện tại.
|Today, in many countries, people in big cities live either alone or in small family units, rather than a large, extended family groups. Is it a positive or negative development?|
Single-person households and nuclear families have gained increasing popularity in recent years, especially in big cities. From my perspective, while this way of life is beneficial to a certain extent, it is more likely to have negative impacts on family core values and the well-being of the elderly.
Living alone or living in small family units can be deemed advantageous and necessary for some reasons. To a certain degree, living alone offers people a sense of freedom. Issues inherent in living with others such as hygiene and private spaces are non-existent if one lives in solitude.
Furthermore, some people believe that a small family consisting of only the parents and their children are financially stable. Smaller families mean the expenses are also minimal, and money-related issues can be handled more easily compared to bigger ones.
However, this trend can also be very harmful in several ways. Firstly, the bonding between generations, which can be found in extended families, may become weakened. This is especially true to people who are forced to study or work far away from their relatives, especially grandparents.
For the elderly, living alone leaves them in a vulnerable state. Besides the feeling of loneliness brought by the lack of emotional support, old people normally encounter difficulties in doing daily tasks since they are physically weak. As a result, casualties or even death cases owing to unfortunate accidents are inevitable.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that while living alone or in a nuclear family is somewhat beneficial, it has more negative influences on the family bonds and leaves aged people susceptible to many potential risks.
- Single-person households: Gia đình có 1 người (paraphrase cho living alone).
- Nuclear family: Gia đình hạt nhân (có 2 thế hệ cha mẹ và con).
- Core values: Giá trị cốt lõi.
- Well-being: Sự hạnh phúc, thịnh vượng.
- Deem: Xem xét.
- Inherent in: Hiện hữu, tồn tại trong…
- Non-existent: Không tồn tại.
- Solitude: Sự một mình, sự đơn độc (nghĩa tốt).
- Bonding: Sự gắn kết.
- Vulnerable: Dễ bị tổn thương.
- Inevitable: Không thể tránh khỏi.
- Susceptible: Dễ bị tổn thương (tương đương vulnerable).
Xem thêm: Khóa luyện thi IELTS cấp tốc được nhiều bạn tại TPHCM theo học nhất – Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé!
|Some people think that planning for the future is a waste of time. They believe it is more important to focus on the present. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Some people are of the opinion that we should focus more on the present rather than making plans for the future. From my perspective, while this argument can be explained for some reasons, I would argue that planning is of paramount importance in the success of any person, and therefore I completely disagree with this statement.
People who advocate this idea cite the living-for-the-moment way of life as their ideology. Preparations and arrangements are deemed too complicated for them, and some even think that having a plan is tantamount to giving ourselves unnecessary concerns.
However, I find this argument somewhat flawed, since planning ahead is far from synonymous with excessive worrying. Good planners see planning as a facilitator to their future goals, rather than a complication that stands in the course of personal development.
Furthermore, I believe that future planning is what makes a person successful in life. Good preparations give a person an edge over impulsive, disoriented ones, and indeed, no big corporations would run well without well thought-out, elaborate schemes.
Also, good planning helps people minimize uncertainties. Success stories of famous entrepreneurs and politicians all pinpoint the need for a careful, detailed plan. In times of crisis, a person or an organization with great predictions of as many potential problems as possible always triumphs over those without good planning.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that careful planning for the future is never an unnecessary burden. It is one of the most important attributes constituting success. It is not an overstatement to say that if one fails to plan, they plan to fail.
- Of paramount importance: Quan trọng hàng đầu, cực kì quan trọng
- Advocate: Ủng hộ
- Ideology: Lý tưởng
- Deem: Xem xét
- Tantamount to: Cũng tệ như
- Flawed: Không hợp lý, có lỗi
- Synonymous with: Đồng nghĩa với
- Impulsive: Bốc đồng, không suy nghĩ kĩ
- Disoriented: Không định hướng tốt
- Success stories: Tấm gương thành công
- Pinpoint: Chỉ ra rằng
- Triumph over: Vượt trội, chiến thắng ai
- Unnecessary burden: Gánh nặng không cần thiết
- Attribute: Yếu tố
- Constitute: Cấu thành
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 05/2019
|The bar chart shows the number of cars per 1000 people in 5 countries in Europe in 2005, 2009 and 2015, compared with the European average.|
The given bar charts compare car ownership in 5 unspecified European countries over the 10-year course from 2005 to 2015. The initial impression from the chart is that the number of cars owned in all five countries was somewhat erratic. It is also clear that Country 5 maintained a relatively high number of cars compared to the other 4 countries.
In 2005, there were roughly 300 cars per thousand people in Country 1. Over the next 4 years, the figure underwent a sharp rise to its peak of 400 cars, before dropping back to 2005’s level of 300 cars in 2015.
A similar pattern could be observed in Country 2, with its figure increasing from 500 cars in 2005 to 550 in 2009 and eventually it decreased slightly to around 530 cars in 2015.
Country 3, meanwhile, was the only one of the five to experience a downturn, starting from its high of 650 cars in 2005 to its low of 560 cars in 2015. The figure for Country 4 remained flat over the given period, which makes it the only country to experience a plateau.
Country 5 started at a very high position of over 900 cars per thousand people in 2005. Towards the end of the period, its figure, despite a slump of approximately 20 cars in 2015, regained its upward streak and eventually reached 990 cars in 2015 – the highest of any country, in any year.
A similar picture is evident in the average-of-5-country data, with the figure standing at 700 cars and increasing to around 790 cars in 2015, with a negligible drop of 10 cars in 2009.
-272 words- Written by IELTS Vietop
|Today many children spend a lot of time playing video games and little time on sports. Why is it? Is it a positive or negative development?|
Video games have enjoyed increasing popularity as a good pastime activity among children in recent years. There are several reasons for this phenomenon, and I think it has both positive and negative impacts in equal measure.
The emergence of the video game industry is one reason attributable to the recent boom in video games among youngsters. Children in this day and age have a much wider array of video games to choose from than did their parents 20-30 years ago.
The irresistible lure of visually enhanced, epic fighting scenes, coupled with the sense of accomplishment upon clearing a level, may give young people the impression, often misleading, that it is a better leisure activity than exerting themselves in a gym.
Furthermore, to unfortunate people who do not lead a happy life, gaming denotes an element of escapism. Children who live in a dysfunctional family, for example, may consider games as a getaway from their harsh reality.
Gaming can be either beneficial and detrimental to young gamers. If played judiciously, games are a harmless fun that can improve a child’s mental agility. Many children have demonstrated abilities to make quick decisions and react quickly to unexpected situations, for they have been trained through many missions and levels in-game.
However, if gamers are becoming too addicted and sacrifice sports time for playing games, gaming can be very harmful to their health. The rise in obesity in recent years has been closely correlated with the sedentary lifestyle caused by excessive gaming and lack of exercise.
In conclusion, the increase in gaming and the decline in exercising stem from the development of the game industry and the need to escape from the drudgery and hardship in life.
Games can be either advantageous or potentially dangerous, depending on whether gamers make use of them or abuse them.
-302 words – Written by IELTS Vietop
- Emergence: Sự phát triển, sự nổi lên
- Attributable to: Quy cho, là do
- Irresistible lure: Sự cám dỗ khó chối từ
- Coupled with: Cùng với 5. Exert oneself: Làm cho bản thân mệt mỏi
- Escapism: Sự giải thoát
- Dysfunctional family: Gia đình có vấn đề (cha mẹ ly dị, có bạo hành gia đình etc.)
- Judiciously: Khôn ngoan (wisely)
- Harmless fun: Trò vui vô hại
- Mental agility: Khả năng suy nghĩ nhanh
- Correlate with: Liên quan tới, có mối tương quan với
- Sedentary lifestyle: Lối sống thụ động
- Stem from: Bắt nguồn từ
- Drudgery and hardship: Sự cực khổ và nhàm chán
|Some businesses find that their new employees lack basic interpersonal skills such as cooperative skills. What are the causes? Suggest some solutions.|
Cooperative communication has been undermined in the present day’s world of work, with many employers claiming that their staff do not have the interpersonal skills required to handle a job well. Reasons for this include the abuse of technology and the sheltered upbringing a worker might have, and several measures could be taken to solve this problem.
Excessive use of technological devices is one reason attributable to the deterioration in interpersonal skills among workers. Technology has made verbal communication redundant; many aspects of our life, from ordering a pizza, socializing with friends, learning a new language or even physical training can be done without conversations. As a result, workers nowadays, especially young ones, find themselves unaccustomed to talking to their colleagues in person, or prefer conversing digitally.
Furthermore, young people in recent years appear to be overprotected compared to their predecessors 10-20 years ago. Research indicates that today’s millennials, especially in collectivistic countries, are more inclined towards living under the protection of their parents. Such safeguarding and permissiveness may result in either an inhibited worker who is unable to strike up a proper conversation, or a self-centered one who does not want to cooperate with others in assignments that require teamwork.
One solution to this problem would be to promote digital wellbeing, that is, to know how to harness technology in a moderate manner. Having a 30-day no-social-media challenge among workers in a company, for example, would be a fun way of reducing the amount of time wasted for social networking sites.
Public places such as parking spaces or cafeterias can also help by setting up boards and signs with inspirational words promoting the power of interpersonal communication and teamwork. From an educational perspective, parents and teachers should take a less protective, more group-engaging approach towards teaching youngsters.
Children should be taught to work in groups so that they can socialize more with their friends and cherish collaboration. Early exposure to different personality traits can help a person be much better prepared for their future career.
In conclusion, misuse of technology and families’ overprotection are the two main reasons for the lack of interpersonal skills among workers. Promoting moderate use of technology and early education can be viewed as efficient ways of alleviating this problem.
- undermine (v): làm cho suy yếu
- sheltered upbringing (n) sự nuôi dưỡng bảo bọc
- verbal communication (n): giao tiếp bằng lời nói
- unaccustomed to (ving) (adj): không quen với
- converse (v): nói chuyện, giao tiếp
- predecessor (n): người đi trước, người thế hệ trước
- collectivistic (adj): có tính tập thể, cộng đồng (trái với individualistic)
- safeguarding (n): sự bảo bọc
- permissiveness (n): sự dễ dãi
- inhibited (adj): nhút nhát, ngại giao tiếp
- self-centered (adj): ích kỷ, tự cho mình là quan trọng
- digital wellbeing (n): sự lành mạnh trong việc sử dụng công nghệ
- harness (v) technology: tận dụng công nghệ
- cherish (v): trân trọng
- early exposure (n): sự tiếp xúc sớm
Xem thêm: Khóa IELTS 1 kèm 1 được nhiều bạn tại TPHCM theo học nhất – Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé!
|The graph gives information about employment categories of a country in 2003 and 2013.|
The given bar graph shows employment distribution in an unspecified country over the 10-year course from 2003 to 2013.
The initial impression from the graph is that employment rates in all sectors showed upward trends during the given period, with the exception belonging to the medical field and freelancing. It is also clear that business took up a considerably high proportion among the employment categories surveyed.
In 2003, only a negligible 4% people were employed in the hotel industry. Over the next 10 years, the figure underwent a nearly fivefold rise to its high of nearly 20%. Similar patterns are evident in the field of education/training and building, with the figures increasing from 8% to 18% for the former, and from 11% to 21% for the latter. Freelancers and jobless people each constituted more or less 15% in 2003, and thereafter the figures increased more than twofold to approximately 30-33% in 2013.
Contrary to the aforementioned groups, the proportion of people who worked in medical and business sectors experienced downward trends. In 2003, 21% worked in medical fields and this was halved to 10% in 2013. Likewise, the figure for business sector, despite standing at a very high position of 45% in 2003, underwent a drop and eventually reached 35% in 2013.
|The bar chart shows the distribution of employment among agriculture, services, industries in three countries in 1980 and projected distribution in 2020.|
The visuals reveal the information regarding the employment distribution between three sectors, agriculture, services and industry, in three different nations in 1980 and one possible prediction in 2020.
Overall, in country A and C, most people were employed in the service sector whereas most of the employees in country B worked in agriculture area. Another interesting feature is that the same pattern will be seen in 2020.
As can be seen in the bar graph that in 1980, around two thirds of the workforce in country C were employed to work in the service sector, compared to nearly 50% of country A. The percentage in country B was much lower, with a mere 30%.
Agriculture attracted the highest proportion of the labor in country B, with the figure making up nearly 70% while the statistics for country A and C were 20% and below 10% respectively. As for industry, both country A and B shared a similar employment rate at 20%, which was far lower than that of country C, with roughly 40%.
It is projected that by 2020 the employment rate in all three nations will have seen a slight upward trend. In contrast, the data for agriculture in country A and C will plateau while in country B, there will be a gentle drop with 60% of the total employment by this sector.
Finally, the industry sector in country A and C is forecast to lose a small portion of its employees, but the reverse is true for country B with a sharp rise to 40%.
Written by IELTS Vietop – (258 Words)
|In many cities, there is little control on the design and construction of new houses. Some people think that people can choose to build houses in their own styles instead of building them with the same style as the old house style in local areas. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?|
Some people are of the opinion that they should have freedom of choice when it comes to designing their own houses, and that they should not be restricted to any former local styles. Although freedom in architecture can be beneficial in fostering diversity, too much leeway in building houses would greatly spoil the overall landscape of the local area and therefore I believe this is more likely to be a negative development.
Free house design is, to a certain extent, a good way of promoting diversity. City skylines, for example, would be more interesting to look at if there are buildings and houses with different shapes and sizes. Furthermore, people from different societal background see houses as manifestations of personalities, wealth, and societal positions. Mansions of the rich, exotic houses of those who are artistic all combine with other normal-looking ones to form a melting pot of creativity.
However, I would not consider an area whose houses are built without any regard to the nature of the surroundings beautiful. Having different styles of houses co-existing in one place can be an architectural disaster rather than a welcome innovation. Ho Chi Minh City is a case in point; ugly buildings not aligned in style with other structures in the city have been erected for years, leaving the historic parts of the city messily mingled with the concrete jungle of brick houses and skyscrapers. Architectural homogeneity, on the other hand, often brings aesthetic appeals to the local landscape. The beauty of ancient towns, for example, comes from the uniformity and harmony in terms of architectural design.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that new houses should be better built in a similar fashion to the other buildings in the area.
Band 8.0+ (288 Words)
- of the opinion: có quan điểm rằng
- leeway: sự tự do
- manifestation: sự thể hiện
- exotic: kỳ lạ nhưng mang lại sự thích thú; kỳ thú
- melting pot: nơi có đa dạng người, ý tưởng etc. cùng tồn tại với nhau
- co-exist: cùng tồn tại
- align: thẳng hàng, đồng nhất
- erect: xây dựng
- mingle with: trộn lẫn
- homogeneity: sự thống nhất
- aesthetic appeals: tính thẩm mỹ
- uniformity: sự đồng bộ
- in a similar fashion to: có kiểu tương tự như
Xem thêm: Tài liệu tự luyện thi IELTS Writing từ cơ bản đến nâng cao
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 06/2019
|The table below shows the salaries of secondary/high school teachers in 2009. Describe the main features of the figure.|
The table compares the information about the pay scale of secondary and high school teachers from various countries in 2009.
Overall, teachers from Luxembourg had both the highest starting and maximum salary. Another interesting feature is that teachers in Luxembourg, Japan and Korea worked for more than 30 years to achieve the top salary whereas their counterparts in Australia, Denmark and only took less than 10 years.
As can be seen from the table, secondary/ high school teachers in Luxembourg were offered 80000 dollars as their starting salary, compared to only 28000 in Australia. Denmark lagged behind Luxembourg with 45000, which was still significantly higher than the statistics of Japan and Korea, with 34000 and 30000 respectively.
After 15 years of career, Luxembourg topped the table with their teachers being paid 119000, and up to 132000 within 30 years. Japan came next, where teachers’ salary nearly doubled in 15 years and reached 86000 in 37 years. What stands out from the data is that Korean teachers were not paid as much as the other nations’, with 48000 for 15 years. Working for 34 years, they had their pay rate more than doubled with 62000. There was also a significant increase in the figures of Australia and Denmark with 48 and 54 thousand respectively for 15 years. Also, teachers in these two nations needed only around 9 years to reach their highest pay, which is substantially small compared to the other remaining three countries
(243 words )
|Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries. Why is this the case? Is it a positive or negative development?|
Tourism in recent years has been booming onan unprecedented scale, with many developing countries considering it as a major income source. The main reason for this is the great revenue it generates, and I believe that it is a positive development in some countries that embrace sustainability, but a negative one in some others who are inclined towards mass tourism.
The major reason for the rapid growth of tourism is the great profits it might bring. Indeed, tourism has become one of the major players in international commerce, with many statistics indicating that the revenue it brings equals or even surpassesthat of many industrial fields such as garment, food production or oil exports.
In cases of developing countries where technology in industrial areas is somewhat inferior to developed ones, tourism is deemed instrumental in promoting economic well-being. Any country endowed with natural beauties and historic sites can take advantage of those precious sources to boost their economy.
Sustainable tourism, with all economic, social and environmental angles being thoroughly taken into consideration, is a welcome development. It helps generate great profits, it is a good and healthy form of entertainment for tourists, and it also provides jobs for inhabitants living in tourist destinations.
Reality Tours and Travel in India is a great example of such a tourism paradigm. Travellers taking the tour are provided with not only personal solace but also valuable, thought-provoking experiences about the locals’ lives, and the profits of the tours eventually go to the development of the impoverished areas in Mumbai and Delhi.
However, in some other developing countries where mass tourism prevails, this has become a disaster. Influxesof touristsflocking to one area in peak seasons, littering all over the place, intervening in the locals’ traditional values and damaging the environment have plagued the overall well-being of those countries.
The Great Pyramid of Giza in India, for example, has been reported to suffer from irreversible damage as a result of the enormous number of visitors coming there to see the site every year.
In conclusion, tourism has enjoyed increasing popularity in developing countries because it is a profitable economic sector. It can be a force for good if developed judiciously and sustainably, yet a catastrophe if it is out of control and tampers with the life and nature of the local areas.
- On an unprecedented scale: ở một quy mô chưa từng thấy
- revenue: nguồn thu, nguồn lợi
- sustainability: sự bền vững
- inclined towards: nghiên về
- mass tourism: du lịch đại trà
- international commerce: thương mại quốc tế
- surpass: vượt qua
- garment: ngành dệt may
- inferior to: trở nên thua kém
- instrumental in: rất quan trọng trong việc tạo nên
- endowed with: được ban tặng, được trời cho
- paradigm: mô hình
- personal solace: sự khuây khỏa cá nhân
- thought-provoking: khiến cho người ta suy nghĩ nhiều
- impoverished: nghèo khó, khó khăn
- prevail: áp đảo, chiếm ưu thế
- influxes (of): những dòng người lũ lượt
- flock: kéo đến với số lượng lớn
- plague: gây vấn đề, gây rắc rối
- irreversible damage: hư hại không thể phục hồi
- a force for good: một ảnh hưởng tích cực
- judiciously: một cách khôn ngoan
- catastrophe: thảm họa
- tamper with: phá hoại, làm hư hại
Xem thêm: 24 chủ đề phổ biến trong IELTS Writing Task 2 bạn phải biết
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 07/2019
|Bar percentage of boy and girl aged 5-14 in cultural activities participation of organized cultural activities and sport 2013 in Australia.|
The given bar charts show the degree of participation of Australian boys and girls in cultural activities and sports in 2013.
The initial impression from the charts is that girls appeared to be more engaged in drama, dancing and singing than boys. Boys, on the other hand, were more interested in playing musical instruments and sports. It is also clear that drama and singing were the two activities that had the fewest participants.
The gender gap between the two least favored activities – drama and singing – was insignificant, with the figures accounting for 4% for boys and 5% for girls. When it comes to dancing, the discrepancy was relatively much higher, with nearly 25% girls compared to only 2.5% boys. An opposite picture is evident in ‘playing musical instrument’ when there were more boys taking part in this activity (15%) than girls (10%). Likewise, boys also expressed stronger preferences towards sports (70%), compared to only 52% for girls.
|Many foods are shipped from far away. Some people think that eating local foods is more environmentally and economically. Do you think the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?|
The shipping of a wide range of foods from other cities or countries may have an adverse impact on locally produced food in this modern world of aggressive competition. However, the latter, in my own eyes, obviously offers more merits than demerits.
On the face of it, the consumption of local food might be said to have certain drawbacks. One of them is the lack of diversity or exotic taste. Without access to strange food from far away, people in Vietnam today, for instance, would feel fed up with a limited number of food choices or would never have a chance to try, and probably enjoy, the taste of a similar type of food which is actually imported from other countries, such as Kobe beef from Japan.
However, compared with food transported from other regions, eating food produced locally is significantly more beneficial in economic, environmental, and educational terms. From an economic point of view, local food does not involve excessive transportation leading to higher and higher costs, especially with increasing fuel prices taken into account.
This is also associated with less damaging effects on the environment related to the shipping of food products by plane from abroad. In terms of education, consuming local food helps nurture patriotism among young generations, orienting them towards preserving and developing the sense of using indigenous products. In today’s world of globalization, the effort to consume local food is thus playing an indispensable role in maintaining the identity of each and every local culture.
In a word, the downside of eating locally produced food is outweighed by its upside. This is, in actual fact, true from economic, environmental, and educational viewpoints.
- local food / indigenous food / locally made food / locally produced food / food produced locally: thực phẩm (sản xuất) tại địa phương
- aggressive competition: cạnh tranh khốc liệt
- diversity: tính đa dạng
- exotic taste: vị lạ
- to nurture: (nuôi) dưỡng
- patriotism: lòng yêu nước
- Chuyển đổi V-ing phrase thành Noun phrase:
Eating/Consuming local food => The eating/consumption of local food
- Câu conditional ẩn:
Without access to…, X would feel…: Nếu không được tiếp cận với…, X sẽ cảm thấy… (If there were no access to…, X would feel…)
- Relative clause dạng rút gọn:
… effects on the environment related to…: tác động lên môi trường có liên quan đến (… effects on the environment which are related to…).
|The graph below shows the percentage of Australian exports to 4 countries from 1990 to 2012.|
The given line graph compares the proportion of Australian exports to four different nations over the 12-year course between 1990 and 2012.
The initial impression from the graph is that over the given course, China gradually become the major export market with its figure being the only one undergoing a steady upward trend among the four nations surveyed.
In 1990, Australian exports to Japan stood at approximately 26%. This figure thereafter underwent a sharp drop to 20 in 1995, followed by another drop, although milder, over the next 17 years to around 18%. The figure for China, albeit starting at a relatively low position of only 3%, experienced a steady rise to 5% over the next 5 years and eventually reached an all-time high of 28% in 2012.
Exports to the US, meanwhile, fluctuated between 8 and 10% in the first 15 years of the period, after which the figure went down to 5% in 2010 and recovered a little bit to 6% in 2012. Exports to India were a near zero in the first 10 years, but later rose gradually to 7% 2010 and eventually dipped to 5% in 2012.
|It has been said that people who read for a pleasure have more developed imaginations and better language skill than people who prefer to watch TV. Do you agree or disagree?|
In comparison with television watching, fiction reading has long been believed to bring people a better sense of imagination and boost their language skills. In fact, the former part of the argument is obviously right, but the latter is actually more complicated than it seems.
The positive effects of reading fictional works on people’s ability to imagine are crystal-clear. While watching TV is associated with enjoying programs visually, with all lively images available in front of the viewer’s eyes, reading novels or short stories page by page, normally without pictures, requires and encourages the brain to think of possible actions or scenes potentially accompanying the words read.
This happens naturally and has, for thousands of years, been proved to have a beneficial impact on the reader’s cognitive development, including imagination.Language skills are not that simple. For reading and writing, it goes without saying that reading for pleasure benefits people more, merely because these two skills are closely related to the printed word.
However, for listening and speaking, light has been shed on the importance of exposure to the spoken language rather than the written language. Therefore, those who spend their leisure time watching TV in general, and films on TV in particular, tend to be capable of improving their skills of listening and speaking much faster or much more efficiently.
All in all, I find it hard to completely agree with the view at issue. Simply put, the more time is spent on reading fiction, the sharper the sense of imagination as well as the reading and writing skills, but raising listening and speaking proficiency levels requires one to be exposed to various programs on TV.
- reading fiction / reading fictional works (novels + short stories + poems): việc đọc (các tác phẩm) thể loại hư cấu
- a/the sense of imagination: óc hài hước
- to boost/improve language skills: cải thiện kỹ năng ngôn ngữ
- it goes without saying that…: đương nhiên ai cũng biết rằng…
- exposure to the spoken language: sự tiếp xúc với ngôn ngữ nói
- raising listening and speaking proficiency levels: nâng trình thông thạo 2 kỹ năng nói & viết
- X has long been believed to bring…: Từ lâu đã có quan niệm rằng X mang đến…
( = It has long been believed that X brings…)
- X is not that simple: X không đơn giản đến thế
( = X is not as simple as that / X is more complicated than it seems)
- Simply put, …: Diễn đạt 1 cách đơn giản
( = To put it in a simple way, …)
- Relative clause dạng rút gọn:
… possible actions or scenes potentially accompanying the words read: những hành động hay cảnh tượng có khả năng gắn kết với những dòng chữ hiện ra trên trang giấy (= … possible actions or scenes which potentially accompany the words that are read)
- Cấu trúc so sánh kép double comparative: The more time is spent on X, the sharper the Y (is): Càng dành nhiều thời gian cho X thì Y càng sắc bén hơn
|The table below gives information on the salaries paid for secondary/ highschool teachers in 5 countries in 2009.|
The table compares the information about the pay scale of secondary and high school teachers from various countries in 2009. Overall, teachers from Luxembourg had both the highest starting and maximum salary.
Another interesting feature is that teachers in Luxembourg, Japan and Korea worked for more than 30 years to achieve the top salary whereas their counterparts in Australia, Denmark and only took less than 10 years.
As can be seen from the table, secondary/ high school teachers in Luxembourg were offered 80000 dollars as their starting salary, compared to only 28000 in Australia.
Denmark lagged behind Luxembourg with 45000, which was still significantly higher than the statistics of Japan and Korea, with 34000 and 30000 respectively.
After 15 years of career, Luxembourg topped the table with their teachers being paid 119000, and up to 132000 within 30 years. Japan came next, where teachers’ salary nearly doubled in 15 years and reached 86000 in 37 years. What stands out from the data is that Korean teachers were not paid as much as the other nations’, with 48000 for 15 years.
Working for 34 years, they had their pay rate more than doubled with 62000. There was also a significant increase in the figures of Australia and Denmark with 48 and 54 thousand respectively for 15 years.
Also, teachers in these two nations needed only around 9 years to reach their highest pay, which is substantially small compared to the other remaining three countries.
(243 words – Written by IELTS Vietop)
|Nowadays, there is a trend that reports of media focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive development. Some people think it is harmful to individuals and to society. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
Considering the claim that the excessive focus of news items on pessimistic or alarming issues instead of optimistic events is damaging to each person and the community as a whole, I find it largely true.
The devastating effects of such news reports are much more severe than expected. On a personal level, with news media covering crimes, such as robberies, murders, and rapes, on a regular basis as can be seen in many countries today, people tend to suffer from feelings of insecurity wherever they go and whenever they are engaged in daily activities.
The reason is criminals are believed to be everywhere. On a societal level, this impact is even clearer: the spread of news about ever-increasing rates of cancer, AIDS, or other incurable conditions, for instance, shared on both conventional and modern media channels leads to social unrest or chaos, which may endanger the existence of political institutions.
With that being said, the media coverage of bad news somehow benefits the general public or international cooperation. These depressing reports might be sensational in the first place, but they act as a necessary tool warning people of possible danger, be it associated with crimes, health risks, or traffic accidents. And heart-breaking as it seems, a piece of news about a natural disaster occurring in a certain region could be a wake-up call resulting in global relief programs.
To recap, I am generally convinced by the idea that negative-focused news items on the media harm people and society. Sadly, the intensity of this problem tends to be on the rise in this day and age.
- a news item: 1 mẫu tin
- largely true: gần như đúng hoàn toàn
- negative/damaging/detrimental effects: tác động tiêu cực
- on a personal level: xét trên bình diện cá nhân
- on a societal level: xét trên bình diện xã hội
- on a regular basis: (xảy ra) thường xuyên
- feelings of insecurity: cảm giác bất an
- ever-increasing (adj.): ngày càng tăng
- incurable conditions: những chứng bệnh nan y
- political institution: thiết chế chính trị
- sensational (adj.): gây chấn động
- a wake-up call: 1 hồi chuông khiến mọi người thức tỉnh
- relief program: chương trình cứu trợ
* Structure highlights:
- Considering X, I find it…: Khi xem xét X, tôi nhận thấy rằng…
( = When I consider X, I find it…)
- With that being said, …: Nói thì nói vậy nhưng mà…
( = With that said / That being said / That said, …)
- be it associated with X or Y: cho dù là nó có liên quan đến X hay Y đi chăng nữa
( = whether it be/is associated with X or Y)
- Heart-breaking as it seems, …: mặc dù là nó nghe có vẻ rất thương tâm
( = Although it seems very heart-breaking, …)
- Relative clause dạng rút gọn:… a necessary tool warning people of…: 1 công cụ cần thiết giúp cảnh báo mọi người về…
( = … a necessary tool which warns people of…).
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 09/2019
|The picture below shows how a hot balloon works. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Write at least 150 words.|
The diagram depicts the construction of a hot air balloon and its working mechanism.
Overall, the construction consists of several parts, including the envelope, the skirt, the burner and the basket. It is also clear from the diagrams that the mechanism of a typical hot-air balloon involves the upward circulation of hot air.
As can be seen from the picture, the balloon, also called the envelope, is the largest part and this is a combination of multiple strips of fabric called gores. These gores are made by many nylon panels sewed together. The gores altogether form the balloon shape when fully inflated. On top of the envelope is a parachute valve, whose function is to open or close like a sealing flap. This allows hot air to escape in a controlled manner. The skirt is at the base of the envelope and the inside is made from a flame-resistant material to withstand the heat from the burners. The burners are fixed to a metal frame below the skirt and above the basket, which provides seats for passengers and the propane cylinders. These burners function as an engine, mixing propane with oxygen to generate hot air for the balloon.
As for the working mechanism, hot air is fed into the envelope by the burners. The hot air inside is lighter than the cold air outside, thus providing a buoyant force to lift the entire structure.
- Depict (v): khắc họa, mô tả
- Mechanism (n): cơ chế hoạt động
- Circulation (n): sự lưu thông
- Strips of fabric (n): những mảnh vải sợi
- Sew (v): khâu vá
- Withstand: chịu đựng
- Metal frame: khung kim loại
- Cylinder: ống trụ
- Function (v) hoạt động, vận hành
- Buoyant (adj) có thể nổi được
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 11/2019
|The table and pie chart give information about population in Australia according to different nationalities and areas.|
The given pie chart illustrates the percentage of people of different nationalities residing in Australia, whereas the table shows demographical figures which are classified according to urban and rural areas. The initial impression from the pie chart is that the vast majority of Australian people claim their ancestry to be of Australian origin. It is also noticeable that most Australian people, regardless of their ethnicity, are city dwellers.
According to the pie chart, Australian ethnicity makes up nearly three-fourths of the total population. This is followed by the figure for people coming from the UK (7%) and New Zealand (3%). People of Chinese and Dutch ethnicity, on the other hand, make up a negligible 1-2%.
As is seen from the table, roughly 80% of people from Australia and New Zealand live in cities, whereas only around 20% live in the countryside. A similar picture is evident in the figures for people from China and New Zealand, with their urban population amounting to a high of 90-99%.
Gợi ý: Cách viết dạng Multiple Graphs/Charts trong IELTS Writing Task 1
|Countries should try to produce all the food for the population and imports as little food as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?|
The consumption of imported food has gained increasing popularity in recent years. However, some people are of the opinion that only local food should be produced, and imported food should be restricted. I completely disagree with this statement, for it is impossible for some countries to provide food for the entire population, and imported food is also instrumental in contributing to a well-rounded meal.
It is virtually impossible for some nations to provide food for every single citizen, and this is particularly the case for underdeveloped ones undergoing destitution. For example, Zimbabwe, a country which has been seriously plagued by poverty and inflation, relies partially on global financial relief to deal with famine.
Therefore, obliging them to provide sufficient sustenance for the whole population is out of the question. Additionally, people in richer countries can reap a lot of benefits from imported food. One distinct merit of imported food is the fact that it offers consumers more choices.
Thanks to the act of importing food, people from different countries are able to enjoy different kinds of produce that are non-existent in their home countries. Many of the delicacies we like, several of which would appear in our tonight’s dinner tables, are a mixture of ingredients indigenous to different parts of the world.
Therefore, it would be a huge loss if we relied solely on local ingredients. Furthermore, foreign food encourages healthy competition among food processing companies, and this will eventually lead to increased food quality.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that it is an unfeasible task for some countries to provide food for everyone, and food importation should be embraced, thanks to its contribution to the abundance and the variety of our daily meals.
- gain increasing popularity: càng ngày càng phổ biến
- instrumental in: là một phần thiết yếu
- destitution: sự nghèo đói cùng cực
- plagued: bị tàn phá
- inflation: lạm phát
- financial relief: sự hỗ trợ tài chính
- oblige: buộc ai
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