The diagram below shows how ethanol fuel is produced from corn
Đề IELTS Writing Task 1 ngày 18-01-2020
The diagram provides a breakdown of how ethanol is produced from corn. From an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the making of maize-based ethanol includes corn undergoing various physical and biological processes under different conditions, the product of which is later stored and eventually delivered to gas stations.
The process commences when corn is harvested and stored in warehouses, before being ground by the use of a turbine-driven mill. Thereafter the ground corn, with the addition of an unspecified amount of water, is cooked within 4 hours in a cylindrical device before being fermented in another set of cylinders. The mixture is left for fermentation for 2 days (48 hours) and subsequently liquidised, with solid wastes being released as by-products. The liquidized substance, now called ethanol, is further purified under laboratory conditions for another 5 hours, after which it is stored in large containers and eventually transported to gas stations.
Some people think that mental strength is the most important factor for success in sports. However, some others believe that it is more important to have strong and fit people. Discuss both views and give your opinions.
Some people are of the opinion that physical fitness1 is the key to success in sports. However, some others are opposed to this idea, claiming that mental toughness2 is of uttermost importance3. From my perspective, both qualities are of great significance in equal measure4, and I will further elaborate in this essay.
Physical strength has been commonly regarded as an important element in sports. Most sportspeople5 are required to be physically fit6 so that they are able to perform physically challenging actions commonly found in the majority of sports. Footballers, for example, spend on average 90 minutes of relentless physical manoeuvres7, and this certainly requires brute strength and stamina8. In some sports that involve building muscles such as weightlifting, fitness is instrumental in9 the overall success of a weightlifter, for more weights lifted are directly proportionate to10 how well he or she performs in a weightlifting competition.
A strong mentality, on the other hand, is also very essential for any professionals to be successful. As a matter of fact, virtually all sports entail11 intense competitions and pressure, and only strong-willed12 players who are able to handle those problems well attain great success. Elite athletes13 such as Roger Federer or Cristiano Ronaldo, for example, are perfect examples of players who remain calm and confident regardless of situations. Additionally, mental
prowess14 has been proven to be a game-changing15 factor in deciding the outcome of a match. Even seeded players16 can bitterly lose to underdogs17 if stressed or pressured.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that mental toughness is just as important as physical fitness in determining sporting success. In the future, with training integrating18 both physical and mental health becoming increasingly available, the sporting industry will be able to welcome generations of successful sports players who are physically fit and mentally prepared.
1. physical fitness: sự khỏe mạnh về mặt thể chất
10. proportionate to: tỉ lệ thuận
2. mental toughness: sự dẻo dai về mặt tâm lý
11. entail: bao gồm, chứa đựng
3. uttermost importance: cực kì quan trọng; quan trọng hàng đầu
12. strong-willed: có ý chí tốt
4. in equal measure: quan trọng như nhau
13. elite athletes: vận động viên xuất sắc
5. sportspeople: người chơi thể thao
14. mental prowess: khả năng xuât chúng về mặt tinh thần
6. physically fit: có thể chất tốt
15. game-changing: quan trọng, có khả năng quyê1t định kết quả
7. physical manoeuver: sự vận động thể chất
16. seeded player: vận động viên hạt giống
8. brute strength and stamina: sức mạnh và sức chịu đựng khủng khiếp
17. underdog: người yếu thế hơn
9. instrumental in: cực kì quan trọng và cần thiết trong việc gì đó
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