Task 1: The line graph shows the percentage of New Zealand population from 1950 to 2050
Đề IELTS Writing Task 1 ngày 11-01-2020
The given line chart sets out New Zealand’s population from 1950 to the present day and projections to 2050. Overall, the demographical figures tell us that New Zealand has an ageing population with the number of people aged between 35 and 64 and 65+ showing upward trends, with the former being projected to become the most prevalent group by 2050. It is also clear that the 15-34 group, albeit dominant from 1950 until the present day, is expected to go through a downturn by 2050.
In 1950, New Zealand’s population aged between 15 to 34 was 32.5%, ranking first among the 4 groups surveyed. This was followed by the figure for the 0-14 group (27.5%), 35-64 (15%) and 65+ (10%). Thereafter the 15-to-34 age group, despite rising steadily to its high of 45% in the first half, saw a mild drop to 42.5% in 1990, followed by another steeper decline to only 30% in 2010. In the meantime, the population aged between 0-14 also showed a steady downturn and eventually reached 20% in 2010, whereas the two oldest groups 35 to 64 and over 65 experienced increases, with the figures amounting to 20% for the former and 15% for the latter.
By 2050, New Zealand’s population aged 35 to 64 and over 65 will have reached 35% and 20% respectively, with the former group being projected to be the dominant part of the population. Demographics for the two youngest groups, on the other hand, are expected to drop, eventually amounting to a little lower than 30% for the 15-to-34 group and a negligible 10% for the 0-to-14 group.
Task 2: Some people think spoken communication is more powerful than written communication. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people are of the opinion that spoken communication may have an edge over1 its written counterpart. From my perspective, both spoken and written forms are important in equal measure2, and therefore I completely disagree with the statement.
Spoken language, on the one hand, facilitates3 our daily communication. Virtually all social activities that human beings engage in such as making purchases4, exchanging information or chatting with friends entail5 people uttering6 words to one another, and it is not an overstatement7 to say lack of oral communication may render us unable to carry out any essential tasks in life. Additionally, when combined with body language, facial expressions8, and eye contact, oral communication exhibits9 strong emotional messages10. Whilst political figures make persuasive, well-articulated11 speeches as an effective tool of persuasion and manipulation, women make full use of their sweet, melodious12 voices to talk their beloved ones into13 buying things they want to.
Written language, on the other hand, appears to be relegated14 and ignored. This is unfortunate because written communication has advantages that would make it a superior choice in some situations over oral communication. From a legal perspective15, written language, in the form of legal documents, is instrumental in
safeguarding16 the rights of the people. Most contracts are carefully drawn up17 in written forms and require signatures, and therefore they are solid and hard to be breached18. In contrast, so-called ‘agreements’ or ‘promises’ in oral forms, in most cases, are invalid. Moreover, written language is a very efficient representation of complex notions, emotional expressions, and philosophies. Great minds store their ideas in books and novels, and those books have been instrumental in spreading their ideas to a much wider range of audiences. We can see written language as a way of indirectly conversing19 with not only one, but hundreds, thousands, or even millions of people.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that both spoken and written communication are equally important in our society. Whereas spoken language enables us to do everyday tasks and effectively show our emotions, written language plays a pivotal role20 in legal matters and allows for great ideas to be spread to a lot of people.
1. have an edge over: có lợi thế hơn
11. well-articulated: phát âm rõ ràng
2. in equal measure: ở mức độ như nhau
12. melodious: có giai diệu dễ chịu
3. facilitate: đơn giản hóa, hỗ trợ
13. talk somebody into: thuyết phục ai làm gì
4. make a purchase: mua hàng
14. relegate: đánh giá thấp
15. from a legal perspective: ở góc độ pháp lý
6. utter: dung lời nói (say)
16. instrumental in: đóng vai trò thiết yếu
7. overstatement: nói quá
8. facial expressions: biểu lộ trên khuôn mặt
10. emotional messages: thông điệp liên quan đến cảm xúc
20. play a pivotal role: đóng vai trò quan trọng
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