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[ACE THE TEST] Giải đề IELTS Writing ngày 27/04/2024

Hương Ngọc
Hương Ngọc
10.05.2024

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Tiếp nối đề thi IELTS Writing ngày 20/04/2024, đề IELTS Writing ngày 27/04/2024 với sự xuất hiện của dạng biểu đồ process và dạng đề advantage and disadvantage. Chi tiết đề thi gồm:

  • Với IELTS Writing task 1, đề thi yêu cầu “The diagram below shows how one type of coal is used to produce electricity.”
  • Đề IELTS Writing task 2, yêu cầu thí sinh bàn luận về “Some people use social media to keep in touch with other people and news events. Do you think the advantages of this technology outweigh the disadvantages?”

Cách khai thác ý tưởng để lên dàn ý triển khai cho đề thi này như thế nào? Cùng thầy phân tích và giải đề IELTS Writing ngày 27/04/2024 chi tiết qua bài viết sau!

IELTS Writing task 1

The diagram below shows how one type of coal is used to produce electricity.

(Sơ đồ dưới đây cho thấy cách sử dụng một loại than để sản xuất điện.)

Giải đề IELTS Writing task 1 ngày 27/04/2024
Giải đề IELTS Writing task 1 ngày 27/04/2024

Bước 1: Lập dàn ý

Đoạn tổng quan: 

The process of generating electricity from coal involves five main stages: Coal extraction, change in form, cooling, filtration, and transmission.

Thân bài 1Thân bài 2
Coal Extraction and Change in Form:
– Raw coal is mined and then crushed into finer particles.
– The crushed coal is transported to a gasifier, where it is converted into gaseous form through heating.

Cooling, Filtration, and Electricity Generation:
– The resulting gas undergoes a condensing phase in another factory to eliminate excess heat.
– The cooled substance is cleaned to remove impurities.
– The cleaned substance is passed to a gas power plant for electricity generation.
– The gas power plant also removes any residual heat as a by-product.
– The generated electricity is transmitted through power lines to residential and industrial areas for use.

Xem thêm: Khoá học IELTS Cấp tốc – Cam kết đạt 6.5+ đầu ra

Bước 2: Hoàn thành bài luận

The diagram illustrates the process through which electricity is generated by means of coal.

Overall, this is a largely mechanical process and comprises five main stages: The extraction of coal, which then undergoes a change in form, followed by cooling and filtration stages, allowing for the production and transmission of electricity at the end of the process. 

At the beginning of the process, the raw material, which is coal, is exploited at a mining point. Subsequently, the extracted coal is crushed into finer pieces, which are then transported by trucks to a gasifier, where these ground bits of coal are converted into gaseous form by being heated at a high enough temperature. The resulting gas is then transferred to another factory and undergoes the condensing phase, during which the gas is cooled and any excess heat is also eliminated. 

Once a desired temperature has been reached, the process continues with cleaning the cooled substance to get rid of any impurities, and the following step involves passing it onto a gas power plant, which generates electricity and again facilitates the removal or discharge of any residual heat as a by-product during this electricity-generating process. The process finishes with this final product being transmitted through power lines to residential and industrial areas, where electricity powers homes, businesses and industries.

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IELTS Writing task 2

Some people use social media to keep in touch with other people and news events. Do you think the advantages of this technology outweigh the disadvantages?

(Một số người sử dụng mạng xã hội để giữ liên lạc với người khác và các sự kiện tin tức. Bạn có nghĩ rằng những ưu điểm của công nghệ này lớn hơn những nhược điểm?)

Bước 1: Phân tích đề

  • Từ khoá: Social media, keep in touch, news events. 
  • Câu hỏi: Đề bài yêu cầu thí sinh đưa ra quan điểm thuận lợi hay bất lợi nhiều hơn. Ở đây thầy sẽ theo hướng thuận lợi nhiều hơn nhé.

Bước 2: Lập kế hoạch cho bài luận

Thân bài 1Thân bài 2
Topic Sentence: Social media provides ample opportunities for social interaction.

Supporting Ideas:
– Opponents argue that social media leads to social withdrawal and virtual relationships.
However, online platforms often facilitate more frequent in-person meetings among friends.
– Features like texting and video calling enable individuals to stay connected with distant family members.
Topic Sentence: Social media serves as a valuable source of up-to-date news and information.
Supporting Ideas:
– Social media platforms often break major news stories faster than traditional media.
– Users have access to a wide range of domestic and international news.
– Concerns about sensationalism and misinformation can be addressed through media literacy initiatives and cross-referencing sources.

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Bước 3: Hoàn thành bài luận

Social networking platforms are used by a number of people to keep in contact with others and stay abreast of the latest affairs. In my opinion, there appear to be limited drawbacks to this technological advance, and the benefits far overshadow these negative aspects.

With regard to the first argument of allowing more opportunities for social interaction, opponents of this viewpoint might argue that the proliferation of online sites has given rise to social withdrawal. They contend that social media users nowadays are becoming increasingly addicted to chatting with online people and mainly form virtual relationships, which are a poor substitute for real-world connections. Although this can be a legitimate concern, I do not believe that this is a likely scenario, given the fact that thanks to these platforms, Internet users, regardless of age, have a tendency to meet their friends far more frequently, as conversations online often lead to more in-person meetings. Moreover, these social networking sites, with the integration of features such as texting and video calling, have broken down communication barriers, allowing individuals living far away from their hometown to easily stay in touch with their distant family members or relatives.  

Concerning the matter of staying informed about news events, there is no doubt that social media tends to get the scoop on major stories, thereby meeting the quest for timely and most recent information among the masses. By contrast, readers of newspapers and viewers of television more often than not get access to outdated information, as information on these mainstream media outlets has to go through an inherent process of rigorous censorship before being reported to citizens. In addition, online news consumers can obtain news occurring on both domestic and international levels, which, in turn, allows people to enrich their reading experiences, as they are not confined to solely local coverage. Of course, one might argue that the exposure to sensational headlines or any inaccurate and biased information on the Internet is becoming a huge concern, but with media literacy initiatives, the rising awareness of online literacy and the ability to cross-reference sources, this no longer poses any problems to those consuming news online. 

In conclusion, while there are certain disadvantages associated with the use of social media, these issues can generally be overcome, and there are definite benefits to using this platform for the purpose of strengthening connections with other people and keeping up-to-date with the latest events.

Bước 4: Từ vựng

VocabularyMeaning in Vietnamese
stay abreast ofbắt kịp, cập nhật
proliferationsự phát triển mạnh mẽ, sự tăng lên
social withdrawalrút lui, cô lập với xã hội
real-world connectionsmối quan hệ trong thế giới thực
break down communication barriersphá vỡ rào cản giao tiếp
stay informed aboutcập nhật thông tin về
mainstream media outletscác phương tiện truyền thông chính thống
rigorous censorshipsự kiểm duyệt nghiêm ngặt
local coveragebản tin địa phương
sensational headlinestiêu đề gây sốc, tiêu đề kịch tính
keep up-to-date withduy trì sự cập nhật

Gap-fill exercise:

  1. It’s important to ________ the latest developments in the field to stay competitive.
  2. The rapid ________ of social media has changed the way we communicate.
  3. Excessive use of social media can lead to ________ and a lack of real-life interactions.
  4. Building ________ is crucial for personal and professional growth.
  5. Social media helps to ________ by enabling people from different backgrounds to connect.
  6. I always try to ________ current events by reading the news daily.
  7. Many people still rely on ________ for their news updates.
  8. The government imposed ________ on the press, limiting freedom of speech.
  9. The local newspaper provides ________ of community events and issues.
  10. Some news websites use ________ to attract more readers.
  11. I use social media to ________ what’s happening in the world.

Answers:

  1. stay abreast of
  2. proliferation
  3. social withdrawal
  4. real-world connections
  5. break down communication barriers
  6. stay informed about
  7. mainstream media outlets
  8. rigorous censorship
  9. local coverage
  10. sensational headlines

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Như vậy, thầy đã hoàn thành bài mẫu giải đề IELTS Writing ngày 27/04/2024. Các bạn cảm thấy đề thi hôm nay có khó không?

Trong Writing task 1, process là dạng đề thi khá khó đòi hỏi thí sinh phải có lập luận logic khi mô tả quy trình. Vì vậy, các bạn nên xem kỹ phần hướng dẫn phân tích bên trên, cách lập dàn ý khi triển khai trong bài mẫu mà thầy đã cung cấp phía trên.

Việc thường xuyên theo dõi bộ tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Writing 2024 mới nhất của IELTS Vietop sẽ giúp bạn cập nhật được những đề thi IELTS sớm nhất và có kế hoạch ôn luyện hiệu quả.

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