Cùng IELTS VIETOP tham khảo ngay đề ôn tập “A university’s sport centre & tourism” cực thú vị ngay bên dưới nhé!
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The plans below show the layout of a university’s sports centre now, and how it will look after redevelopment.
The maps depict proposed modifications to the layout of a university sports centre. Overall, the sports centre is expected to be fully indoor, with the addition of a great number of interior amenities and the disappearance of the two outdoor courts.
The present-day university sports centre is largely outdoor with two big courts occupying two thirds of the area. However, these courts, which take up the western and eastern zones of the centre, are planned to be removed to make room for future expansions. To the western side, a new leisure pool is expected to be built in addition to the existing 25-metre pool in the heart of the entre.
The proposed plan also indicates that the number of changing rooms will increase from one to three, two dance studios and a sports hall will be added, and the existing gym will be expanded eastwards. The seating area, however, will remain unchanged. The area in the vicinity of the entrance is also expected to undergo changes, with the addition of a sports shop to the left-hand side and a café to the right-hand side of the reception.
- Modification (n): sự điều chỉnh
- Layout (n): bố trí
- Two thirds: hai phần ba
- Take up (phrasal verb): chiếm
- Expansion (n): sự mở rộng
- Expand (v): mở rộng
- Eastwards (adv): về bên hướng đông
Some people say cultural traditions are destroyed when they are used as money-making attractions aimed at tourists. Others say this is a good way to save such traditions. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Opinions differ as to whether tourism fosters or undermines cultures and customs. While to a certain extent, tourism brings traditions to a wider audience, I would argue that it does more harm than good.
Mass tourism, with huge investments diverted into development, advertising and propagation, has made indigenous customs, several of which were formerly alien and unpopular, known to people around the world. Once a small local festival that were formerly restricted to only tribal peoples, the Cong Chieng carnival in the middle part of Vietnam has greatly emerged to become a tourist trap, with influxes of Vietnamese and foreigners flocking to the place every year. Nevertheless, I believe such popularity is just superficial. A custom known by a lot of people does not necessarily mean a well-preserved one.
All too often, tourism brings in its wake cultural assimilation. It is not rare to see tribal people, adults and children alike, get rid of their traditional attires for modern, Westernised ones worn by tourists. Many hotels, resorts and spas have also been erected every year, encroaching on the areas where there once were villages, altars and ritual meetings. Additionally, the disgusting hands of tourism moguls have reached out to even the remotest areas, tempting local people into working for them with promises of higher wage rates and a better life. As a consequence, the number of ethnicpeoples has greatly shrunk in recent years, with many ethnic minorities being declared non-existent.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that profit-oriented tourism, despite the fact that it may bring customs to more people, is a cultural catastrophe. Tourism can only go in harmony with cultures as long as it is developed in a sustainable manner.
- Foster (v): phát huy, củng cố
- Undermine (v): làm suy yếu
- Indigenous (adj): bản địa
- Peoples (n-plural): dân tộc
- Tourist trap (n): địa điểm thu hút khách du lịch (nghĩa xấu, ám chỉ những địa điểm quá đông khách du lịch)
- Influx (n): dòng lũ lượt
- Flock (v): kéo đến
- Superficial (adj): bề nổi
- Bring in its wake (verb phrase): mang theo bên nó
- Assimilation (n): sự đồng hóa
- Erect (v): xây dựng
- Encroach (v) on: xâm lấn
- Mogul (n): ông trùm
- Shrink (v): suy yếu, thu hẹp
- Non-existent (adj): trở nên không tồn tại
- Catastrophe (n): thảm họa
- Sustainable (adj): bền vững
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