Bài mẫu topic Environment – IELTS Speaking Part 1, 2 & 3


Với bài viết hôm nay, IELTS Vietop mời các bạn cùng tham khảo qua phần bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 1, 2, 3 và một số từ vựng liên quan topic environment- môi trường. 

Từ vựng về topic Environment

Từ vựngIPATiếng việt
Global warmingɡləʊ.bəl ˈwɔː.mɪŋẤm lên toàn cầu
Biodegradablebaɪ.əʊ.dɪˈɡreɪ.də.bəlPhân hủy sinh học
Biodiversitybaɪ.əʊ.daɪˈvɜː.sə.tiSự đa dạng sinh học
Pollution pəˈluː.ʃənSự ô nhiễm
Pollutant pəˈluː.təntChất gây ô nhiễm
Contamination kənˌtæm.ɪˈneɪ.ʃənSự ô nhiễm, sự nhiễm độc
Greenhouse ɡriːn.haʊsNhà kính
Deforestationdiːˌfɒr.ɪˈsteɪ.ʃənSự phá rừng
Emissioniˈmɪʃ.ənSự phát thải
Soil erosion sɔɪl ɪˈrəʊ.ʒənSự xói mòn đất
Ecosystem iː.kəʊˌsɪs.təmHệ sinh thái
Preservation prez.əˈveɪ.ʃənSự bảo tồn
Ozone layerəʊ.zəʊn ˌleɪ.ərTầng Ozon
Contaminatekənˈtæm.ɪ.neɪtLàm ô nhiễm
DecaydɪˈkeɪPhân hủy
Exploit ɪkˈsplɔɪtKhai thác
Abuse əˈbjuːzLạm dụng
Tackle  / cope with tæk.əlGiải quyết
CurbkɜːbHạn chế
Destroy dɪˈstrɔɪPhá hủy, tàn phá
Threaten natural habitatsˈθret.ən ˈnætʃ.ər.əl ˈhæb.ɪ.tætĐe dọa môi trường sống tự nhiên
Degrade ecosystemsdɪˈɡreɪd ˈiː.kəʊˌsɪs.təmLàm suy thoái hệ sinh thái
Poisonouspɔɪ.zən.əsĐộc hại
Excessiveekˈses.ɪvQuá nhiều
Serious/severe/acutesɪə.ri.əsNghiêm trọng,tồi tệ
Fresh/purefreʃTinh khiết, trong sạch
Environmentally-friendlyɪn.vaɪ.rənˌmen.təl.i ˈfrend.liThân thiện với môi trường
Effective/efficient/efficaciousɪˈfek.tɪvHiệu quả

Xem thêm: Từ vựng tiếng Anh về môi trường


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Part 1: topic Environment

  1. What do you do to prevent our environment from pollution?

Well, I have done a lot of things. First, I don’t litter indiscriminately. Additionally, my family always purchases environmentally friendly products as much as possible. Finally, I try to use public transport whenever I can, so that I can contribute to reducing air pollution…

  • indiscriminately (adv) : bừa bãi, không cẩn thận
  • environmentally friendly (adj): thân thiện với môi trường
  1. Do you think pollution is a problem today?

Absolutely, yes. In the modern world, pollution of the air and water is a major problem. The intensity of the air pollution issue is worsened by the rise in vehicle exhaust emissions, which harms the quality of the air.

  • intensity (n): mức độ 
  • worsen (v): làm cho tồi tệ hơn
  • exhaust emissions (n): khí thải

Xem thêm: Khóa học IELTS Cấp tốc – Cam kết tăng ít nhất 0.5 – 1.0 band score SAU 1 THÁNG HỌC

  1. Are there any environmental problems in your country? 

As far as I know, Vietnam now is a developing country and has been industrializing and modernizing. As a result, the number of manufacturers has increased dramatically over the past few decades, along with serious issues such as air or water pollution.  Many people, especially those who live in industrial areas,  have been affected by these issues. They have to suffer from not only dirty water but also respiratory illnesses. 

  • industrialize (v) công nghiệp hóa
  • modernize (v) hiện đại hóa
  • dramatically (adv) đáng kể
  • respiratory (adj) thuộc hô hấp
  1. What causes environmental problems?

From my point of view, there are a lot of things which lead to environmental issues. However, the biggest cause of this problem is human activities. For building and farming, people destroy forests, which has an adverse effect on the ecosystem and wildlife habitats. Additionally, the growth in CO2 levels caused by industrial activity contributes to global warming and increases greenhouse gas emission.

  • environmental issues: (n) vấn đề môi trường 
  • adverse (adj) bất lợi

Tham khảo: Bài mẫu các IELTS Speaking Part 1

Part 2

Describe an environmental problem in your city. You should say:

 What type of problem it is

–  Why it had happened

–  How the problem can be controlled

I’ve been a resident in Ha Noi for about 20 years, during which time I’ve had the chance to see several serious environmental problems. The city’s environment has been substantially degraded as a result of the rising number of tourists and immigrants from other regions. One significant issue is littering; numerous people left their trash in inappropriate places including on the road, at bus stops, and in waterways.

I think the fundamental cause of this issue is overcrowding. This is the consequence of a variety of factors including rising birth rates, advancements in healthcare, rising living standards, and immigration. Along with that, a major factor is a lack of education. People simply continue to litter out of habit since they are not completely aware of the effects it has on the environment.

I would advise the local authorities to severely punish anyone found depositing trash in the wrong places in order to put an end to this problem. They will be discouraged from releasing illegal garbage in the future by this. Another option is for the government to launch some media efforts to educate the public about the value of preserving the environment and nature. For instance, broadcasting TV commercials that highlight the threat posed by global warming may have a big impact on viewers’ views toward environmental conservation.

Xem thêm: Tổng hợp bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 2

Part 3: topic Environment

1. Is there much more environmental damage now than in the past?

Yes, there has certainly been an increase in environmental pollution over time. There has been a significant increase in pollution and waste production due to the industrialization of civilization and the expansion of international trade. The ecosystem has suffered as a result, leading to issues like climate change, deforestation, and water shortages. 

2. What can people do to help reduce pollution?

People can take a variety of actions to lessen pollution. Conserving energy is one way. This can be accomplished by avoiding solo driving by taking public transit or joining a carpool, turning off lights when not in use, and disconnecting electronics. Recycling, reusing, and decreasing waste are other ways to lessen pollution. This entails staying away from items that come in a lot of packaging, switching to reusable bags from plastic ones, and recycling objects rather than throwing them away. 

3. Do you think that governments or private citizens are more responsible for protecting the environment?

I believe that protecting the environment is a shared obligation of governments and citizens. People may conserve energy, cut back on consumption, and recycle on an individual basis. Governments can still be of assistance by enacting legislation to cut pollution and funding renewable energy sources. I believe that by working together, we can safeguard the environment!

Tham khảo: Tổng hợp các bài mẫu IELTS Speaking Part 3

Trên đây là bài mẫu và từ vựng cho phần IELTS Speaking Part 1, 2 và 3 chủ đề environment – môi trường. IELTS Vietop hy vọng đã có thể giúp các bạn tham khảo được thêm nhiều từ vựng và ý tưởng để chuẩn bị tốt hơn cho chủ đề phức tạp này. Chúc các bạn học tốt!

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