The bar chart below shows the estimated sales of jeans for two companies next year in Turkey. The pie chart shows the projected market share of the two companies in jeans at the end of next year.
The pie chart compares the estimated market shares of the two companies, while the column graph projects the sales of jeans in Turkey for the following year. In general, it is predicted that the last quarter of this year will see an increase in the sales of jeans, with the Jack & Jones brand expected to command the largest market share.
The initial sales of Jack & Jones jeans clothes in Turkey will be close to 450 thousand pairs, which is about three times more than that of the Mango brand. However, it is predicted that sales of Jack & Jones jeans in Turkey will fall to 300 thousand pairs by the end of the first quarter, compared to just over 150 thousand for Mango. According to estimates, demand for Mango jeans will outpace that for Jack & Jones in July and August. However, Jack & Jones is anticipated to experience a spike in its jean sales during the final three months of the year, and in December it will sell 900,000 pairs, which is double its sales in January. Meanwhile, with the exception of a rise of 600 thousand sales in December, Mango Jeans’ sales during the last quarter would be almost flat.
Moving to the pie chart, it is predicted that Jack & Jones alone will control a third of the market share while Mango corporation will have a figure of 10% lower. The remaining half would be controlled by the other jeans manufacturers.
Many people believe that scientific research should be carried out and controlled by governments rather than private companies. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Some people contend that government authorities should have complete control over scientific research. While it is true that governments must play a crucial role in technological advancement, I propose that collaboration between public and private finances could better serve the goal. This idea would be carefully considered throughout the course of this article.
There are a multitude of arguments in support of government regulation of scientific research. First off, due to its unique characteristic, scientific research necessitates a lot of tasks, resources, and time. It is considered that only the government could invest continually in these initiatives while keeping the welfare of the entire population in mind and would not forgo the long-term mission and vision in favour of a short-term financial benefit. Additionally, some scientific endeavours have the potential to undermine society’s values if allowed unchecked through social or ethical conflicts. For instance, genetic editing has sparked a significant amount of controversy and is currently governed by law. Ultimately, since a portion of the money used for research is obtained through taxation, individuals prefer that the use of their tax dollars be subject to oversight by the competent authorities.
However, as long as the government is in charge of these scientific initiatives, I reckon private sector involvement would undoubtedly advance the overall objective. The fundamental reason is that since private funds are motivated by profit, they are more focused on the commercialization of scientific achievements than government officials who lack expertise in either the scientific or business fields. With genuine economic rewards achieved by the research, interested parties may be more encouraged to conduct additional research. Government employees can also be ineffective and shorthanded at times. Without such cooperation, they might quickly become overburdened by the volume of work and correspondence.
In conclusion, I propose that, as long as they can be rigorously monitored by authorities, scientific research could be conducted and commercialised more effectively with the cooperation of the government and private firms.
- Collaboration (n): sự hợp tác
- Forgo (v): bỏ qua, phớt lờ
- Ethical conflict (n): xung đột về mặt đạo đức
- Taxation (n): sự đánh thuế
- Shorthand (adj): thiếu hụt nhân sự
- Commercialise (v): thương mại hóa