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IELTS Writing task 1
|The first graph shows the number of train passengers from 2000 to 2009; the second compares the percentage of trains running on time and target in the period.|
The upper graph illustrates the changes in the number of passengers travelling by train in an unspecified geographical location, and the lower graph shows the proportion of trains running on time in a 10-year period from 2000 to 2009 compared to the fixed target of 95%.
Overall, the number of travellers using trains showed an unsteady upward trend. The rate of trains running on time was also erratic, meeting or exceeding the target from 2002 to 2005, and again from 2008 to 2009.
In the first four years, the number of train travellers rose from around 37 million to its first peak of about 37 million in 2002, before dropping to just below its starting number in 2003. Also in that period, the rate of on-time trains went from an inadequate 92% to a sufficient 95.5%. During the next three years, train passengers rose sharply and hit the most significant peak of around 47 million in 2005; thereafter the figure started declining by approximately four million. In terms of running time efficiency, the rate was 96% in 2004, but later fell drastically to 92% in 2006.
In the last three years, the number of passengers stabilized at around 43 million while the proportion of on-time trains improved gradually and eventually plateaued at 97%.
- Show an upward trend: cho thấy xu hướng tăng
- Unsteady (adj): không đều đặn
- Erratic (adj): không đều, khó đoán
- To meet the target (expression): đạt chỉ tiêu
- To exceed (v): vượt
- Peak (n): đỉnh
- Inadequate (adj): không đủ, không đạt yêu cầu
- Sufficient (adj): đủ
- Thereafter (adv): sau đó
- Approximately (adv): khoản
- To plateau (v): giữ nguyên mức.
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IELTS Writing task 2
|Some people think that hosting an international sports event is good for the country, while some people think it is bad. Discuss both views and state your opinion.|
International sporting events have been traditionally deemed beneficial to the host country. However, some others are opposed to the idea, claiming that it does more harm than good. Whilst the former view can be justified for some reasons, I am more inclined towards the latter.
I can understand why it might be beneficial for any nation to host an international sporting event. For countries wishing to promote their profiles, the Olympics and other similar sport-related events can be an ideal choice. A lot more people know about a once-lesser-known South Africa after World Cup 2010, and China has gained increasing global reputation for its successful Olympic Beijing 2008. In addition, preparation for such international events may create jobs for locals, temporarily revitalizing depressed areas.
However, those aforementioned benefits are short-lived, and hosting such a big event is more likely to bring about long-term negative consequences to the environment and the economic wellbeing of the host country. Every aspect of construction, from producing bricks to delivery, has measurable impacts on the environment, let alone the establishment of facilities catering for the needs of a big sporting event like the Olympics, which often brings in its wake the obliteration of hundred acres of woodland. In addition, those amenities are often disused and abandoned after a short period of time, and the costs for maintenance can become a huge economic burden.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that while hosting an international sporting event can be advantageous to a certain extent, it has profound negative effects on the environmental and economic aspects of a country. There are always better alternatives that benefit a country than organising a very big event without anticipating its long-term impacts.
- Deem: xem như là
- Inclined towards: nghiêng về
- Promote ones’ profiles: xây dựng hình tượng
- Reputation: danh tiếng
- Revitalize: mang sức sống đến…
- Depressed: (tính từ) dùng để miêu tả tình trạng kém về mặt kinh tế, nghề nghiệp etc. (phân biệt với trầm cảm)
- Short-lived: không tồn tại lâu
- Wellbeing: sự phát triển
- Measurable impact: ảnh hưởng đo lường được
- Cater for: phục vụ cho
- Bring in its wake: mang theo bên nó
- Obliteration: sự hủy diệt
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