Bài tập câu bị động trong tiếng Anh có đáp án

Trang Đoàn Trang Đoàn
18.02.2023

Câu bị động là một dạng cấu trúc cơ bản mà các bạn học ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh đều phải nắm chắc. Dạng bài này xuất hiện nhiều trong các kỳ thi quan trọng của các bạn học sinh, sinh viên. Hãy cùng Vietop tìm hiểu về lý thuyết và các bài tập câu bị động trong tiếng Anh hay qua bài viết sau đây các bạn nhé!

1. Lý thuyết của câu bị động cần nắm

Cấu trúc chung:

S + be + V (cột 3)/ PP

Ví dụ:

Câu ở dạng chủ động:

She bought a new bike last week.

→ A new bike was bought by her last week. (Chuyển đổi thành dạng bị động)

Hướng dẫn cách chuyển đổi câu chủ động sang bị động

  • Bước 1: Xác định: S, V, O ở trong câu và động từ trong câu đang ở thì nào.
  • Bước 2: Chuyển đổi O ở câu chủ động thành S ở câu bị động.
  • Bước 3: Chuyển đổi S ở câu chủ động thành “by” O  ở câu bị động.
  • Bước 4: Chuyển đổi V chính của câu chủ động thành be V cột 3 hoặc PP ở câu bị động.
câu bị động trong Tiếng Anh

Cấu trúc câu bị động 12 thì trong Tiếng Anh

ThìCông thứcVí dụ 
Hiện tại đơnS + am/is/are + V3/PPThe car is cleaned every morning.
Hiện tại tiếp diễnS + am/is/are + being V3/PPHis bike is being repaired now.
Quá khứ đơnS + was/were + V3/PPThese flowers were bought yesterday.
Quá khứ tiếp diễnS + was/were + being + V3/PPThe door was being opened before she came.
Hiện tại hoàn thànhS + have/has been + V3/PPMy house has been painted for 2 weeks. 
Hiện tại hoàn thành tiếp diễnS + have/has + been + being V3/PPThe red T-shirt has been being looked for by my sister.
Quá khứ hoàn thànhS + had been + V3/PPThis work had been finished by them.
Quá khứ hoàn thành tiếp diễnS + had been + being V3/PPThe door had been knocking since they came in.
Tương lai đơnS + will + be V3/PPThe goods will be sold in 5 months.
Tương lai tiếp diễnS + will + be + being V3/PPThe dog will be being fed by them at 8 p.m tomorrow.
Tương lai hoàn thànhS + will + have + been V3/PPThis homework will have been done by 2 p.m.
Tương lai hoàn thành tiếp diễnS + will + have + been + being V3/PPThe guitar will have been being played when they come at 7 p.m.

Một số lưu ý khi chia câu bị động cần nhớ

  • Khi chủ ngữ ở trong câu chủ động là: People, someone, anyone, everyone thì chúng ta có thể lược bỏ chúng ở trong câu bị động.

Ví dụ:

Someone turned on the light in my room.

The light in my room was turned on.

  • Khi chủ ngữ trong câu chủ động chỉ người hoặc vật mà trực tiếp gây ra hành động đó thì chuyển S thành “by O”.

Ví dụ:

She cut the cake at her birthday party.

The cake is being cut by her at her birthday party. 

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2. Bài tập câu bị động trong Tiếng Anh

2.1. Bài tập câu bị động với các thì trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập thì hiện tại đơn – Viết lại những câu sau ở dạng bị động

1. He opens the book.

2. She buys a lot of lemonade.

3. They book the table. 

4. They take a photo.

5. We wear red skirts. 

6. She doesn’t buy the cake.

7. They help me. 

8. She wrote the essay.

9. Does that man rob the bank?

10. Does your boyfriend pick you up?

Đáp án: 

1. The book is opened by him.

2. A lot of lemonade is bought by her.

3. The table is booked by them

4. A photo is taken by them.

5. Red skirts are worn by us.

6. The cake was not bought by her.

7. I am helped by them.

8. The essay was written by her.

9. Is the bank robbed by that man?

10. Are you picked up by your boyfriend?

Bài tập thì hiện tại tiếp diễn – Viết lại những câu sau ở dạng bị động

1. The children are singing a folk song.

2. Mr.Bill and his son are playing tennis at the moment.

3. My younger sister is baking a cake.

4. The waiter is serving three lunches now.

5. My dad is not reading the newspaper at this time.

6. They are selling cookies for the charity right now.

7. The dog is eating its snack.

8. I am weeping the floor.

9. Anna is throwing the ball into a basket.

10. Jimmy is choosing a present for his best friend’s birthday.

Đáp án: 

1. A folk song is being sung by the children.

2. Tennis are being played by Mr.Bill and his son at the moment.

3. A cake is being baked by my younger sister.

4. Three lunches are being served by the waiter now.

5. The newspaper is not being read by my dad at this time.

6. The cookies are being sold by them for charity right now.

7. Its snack is being eaten by the dog.

8. The floor is being wept by me.

9. The ball is being thrown by Anna into a basket.

10. A present í being chosen by Jimmy for his best friend’s birthday.

Bài tập thì hiện tại hoàn thành – Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. My boyfriend has bought this bouquet of flower in that shop.

2. Jelly has found her wallet.

3. Our team has finished the research.

4. I have finished my exercise for one days.

5. She has never seen this movie before.

6. We have not heard the news already.

7. Jim has signed the contract.

8. These guys have bought five concert tickets.

9. His brother has studied computer science since January.

10. My parents have taken good care of my dog.

11. My team have typed these reports for 1 hour.

12. The police has found the victims yesterday. 

Đáp án: 

1. This bouquet of flower has been bought in that shop by my boyfriend.

2. Jelly’s wallet has been found.

3. The research has been finished by our team.

4. My exercise has been finished for one days.

5. This movie has never been seen by her before.

6. The news has not been heard by us already.

7. The contract has been signed by Jim.

8. Five concert tickets have been bought by these guys.

9. Computer science has been stuđie by his brother since January.

10. My dog has been taken care of well by my parents.

11. These reports have been typed by our team for 1 hour.

12. The victims has been found by the police yesterday.

Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn – Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. People reconstructed the temple in 1988.

2. Thousands of people visited Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum today.

3. He didn’t invite me to her birthday party.

4. People built the Khue Van Pavilion inside the Temple of Literature.

5. Why did many students visit the Temple of Literature last month?

6. She lost her key yesterday.

7. They open the bank last weekend.

8. J. K. Rowling wrote her second book at the age of six.

9. Why didn’t you clean the floor this afternoon? 

10. The waitress brought the dish to us. 

Đáp án: 

1. The temple was reconstructed in 1988

2. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was visited by thousands of people today.

3. I wasn’t invited to his birthday party.

4. Khue Van Pavilion was built inside the Temple of Literature.

5. Why was the Temple of Literature visited by many students last month?

6. Her key was lost yesterday.

7. The bank was opened last weekend.

8. The second book was written by J. K. Rowling at the age of six.

9. Why wasn’t the floor cleaned by you this afternoon?

10. The dish was brought to us by the waitress.

Bài tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn – Chuyển các câu được đánh chữ (P) sang câu chủ động và các câu được đánh chữ (A) sang câu bị động: 

1. We were eating two bowls of Pho. (A) 

2. He was writing a letter for her pen pal. (A)

3. She was not playing chess in his room at 9 o’clock yesterday evening. (A)

4. Mr.Timme was watching the television. (A)

5. We were cleaning the floor when Anna called. (A)

6. The dog was being taken a bath when you came. (P)

7. A cheese cake was being eaten by my older sister. (P)

8. The employees were being called by the employer at 7 o’clock yesterday morning. (P)

9. My house was being decorated when my dad was out. (P)

10. Jane was taking a photo of me. (A)

Đáp án: 

1. Two bowls of Pho were being eaten.

2. A letter was being written for hí pen pal by her.

3. Chess was not being played in his room by her at 9 o’clock yesterday evening.

4. The television was not being watched by Mr.Timme.

5. The floor was being cleaned when Anna called.

6. I was taking a bath for the dog when you came.

7. My older sister was eating a cheese cake.

8. The employer was calling the employees at 7 o’clock yesterday morning. 

9. I was decorating the house when my dad was out.

10. I was being taken a photo by Jane.

Bài tập thì quá khứ hoàn thành – Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. I had ordered this dress before I went to bed last night.

2. My brother had not washed the dishes.

3. I had won an international letter-writing contest.

4. Mai had done her exercise by 6 PM.

5. The boys had not finished the report before going to school.

6. They had seen this film before I called.

7. After I had painted the wall, I went to a cinema.

8. After Thomas had watched the television, he studied.

9. Had the girl ironed the clothes by afternoon?

10. Our little brother had brushed the teeth before he went to bed last night.

Đáp án: 

1. This dress had been ordered before I went to bed last night.

2. The dishes had not been washed by my brother.

3. An international letter-writing contest had been won by me.

4. Mai’s exercise had been done by 6 PM.         

5. The report had not been finished by the boys before going to school

6. This film had been seen by them before I called.

7. After the wall had been painted, I went to a cinema.

8. After the television had been watched by Thomas, he studied.

9. Had the clothes been ironed by the girl by afternoon?

10. The teeth had been brushed by our little brother before he went to bed last night.

Bài tập thì tương lai đơn – Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. Hien will buy a luxury car.

2. His girlfriend won’t accept the truth.

3. Thousands of foreign travelers will visit the Phong Nha cave this holiday.

4. His boss will hold a meeting.

5. Will you fix the refrigerator for me?

6. We will show the new camera.

7. Tom won’t invite John to the party.

8. They will never ask him.

9. Will the company employ a new secretary?

10. Will the plumber repair the toilet?

Đáp án: 

1. A luxury car will be bought by Hien.

2. The truth won’t be accepted by his girlfriend.

3. Phong Nha cave will be visited by thousands of foreign travelers this holiday.

4. A meeting will be held by his boss.

5. Will the refrigerator be fixed for me by you?

6. The new camera will be shown.

7. John won’t be invited to the party by Tom.

8. He will never be asked by them.

9. Will a new secretary be employed by the company?

10. Will the toilet be repaired by the plumber?

Bài tập thì tương lai gần – Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. The workers are going to pave the road in this area next month.

2. We’ll make hotel reservations tomorrow.

3. Our company is going to serve spaghetti at lunch time.

4. He is going to make the bread in less thanthan an hour.

5. Johnny and Ted are going to decorate the classroom this Christmas.

6. We are going to pay the electricity bill next week.

7. He is going to launch an environmental campaign tomorrow morning.

8. Mom is going to cook the meal.

9. Linda is going to pick her son up after work.

10. Is Mr. Hung going to fix the desks this evening?

Đáp án: 

1. The road in this area is going to be paved by the workers next month.

2. Hotel reservations will be made tomorrow.

3. Spaghetti is going to be served by our company at lunch time.

4. Bread is going to be made in less than an hour.

5. The classroom is going to be decorated by Johnny and Ted this Christmas.

6. The electricity bill is going to be paid next week.

7. An environmental campaign is going to be launched tomorrow morning.

8. The meal is going to be cooked by mom.

9. Linda’s son is going to be picked up by Linda after work.

10. The desks are going to be fixed by Mr. Hung this evening?

Bài tập thì tương lai tiếp diễn Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. This time tomorrow, Sarah will be writing the letter.

2. My dog will be chasing her cat the whole day.

3. My brother and my sister will be making dinner.

4. Ben will be drinking the lemon juice later.

5. Ronado will be playing football tomorrow.

6. They will be visiting our place soon.

7. My dad won’t be playing tennis this time next Monday.

8. The visitors will be buying souvenirs by 9:00 P.M.

9. Will we be waiting for the tourists at the railway station?

10. Will you be doing laundry tomorrow?

Đáp án: 

1. This time tomorrow, the letter will be being written by Sarah.

2. Her cat will be being chased by my dog the whole day.

3. Dinner will be being made by my brother and my sister.

4. The lemon juice will be being drunk by Ben later. 

5. Football will be being played by Ronado tomorrow.

6. Our place will be being visited by them soon.

7. Tennis won’t be being played by my dad this time next Monday.

8. Souvenirs will be being bought by the visitors by 9:00 P.M.

9. Will the tourist be being waited for at the railway station?

10. Will laundry be being done by you tomorrow?

Bài tập thì tương lai hoàn thành – Chuyển các câu được đánh chữ (P) sang câu chủ động và các câu được đánh chữ (A) sang câu bị động:

1. Peter will have repaired his phone next week. (A)

2. We will have eaten the chicken by 7 o’clock. (A)

3. We will have visited Rome by the end of this year. (A)

4. Students will have finished this exercise by 4:00 p.m. (A)

5. The businessman will have bought the apartment by next two months. (A)

6. Portuguese will have been studied before Hannah studies in Portugal. (A)

7. Baseball will have been played in the school yard by my students and their friends. (P)

8. Will the football match have been taken part in by Phuong? (P)

9. Our team’s project will have been finished by us by the end of next week. (P)

10. The lunch will not have been prepared by my parents by the time we came home. (P)

Đáp án: 

1. Peter’s phone will have been repaired next week.

2. The chicken will have been eaten by us by 7 o’clock.

3. Rome will have been visited by us by the end of this year.

4. This exercise will have been finished by students by 4:00 p.m.

5. The apartment have been bought by the businessman by next two months.

6. Hannah will have studied Portuguese before she studies in Portugal.

7. My students and their friends will have played baseball in the school yard.

8. Will Phuong have been taken part in the football match. 

9. We will have finished our team’s project by the end of next week.

10. My parents will not have prepared lunch by the time we come home. 

2.2. Bài tập câu bị động đặc biệt

  • Câu bị động với Make

Cấu trúc:

Công thức dạng chủ động: S + make + sb + V-inf + O
⟶ Công thức ở dạng bị động: Sb + to be + made + to + V-inf + O

Ví dụ:

My teammates make me do the assignment on my own.
(Dịch: Bạn cùng nhóm của tôi yêu cầu tôi tự làm bài tập.)
➤ I am made to do the assignment on my own by my teammates.
(Dịch: Tôi được các bạn cùng nhóm yêu cầu tự mình làm bài tập.)

  • Câu bị động với Let/Allow

Cấu trúc:

Công thức dạng chủ động: S + let/allow + Sb + V-inf + O.
⟶ Công thức ở dạng bị động: Sb + be + let/allowed + to V-inf + O.

Ví dụ: 

My parents never allow me to go out until 12 p.m.
(Dịch: Bố mẹ tôi cho phép tôi ra ngoài đến 12 giờ tối.)
➤ I am never allowed to go out until 12 p.m by my parents.
(Dịch: ​Tôi được cho phép đi chơi đến 11 giờ đêm bởi bố mẹ.​)

Bài tập: Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. They make him eat all the cookies.

2. My grandparents won’t let me buy a car.

3. His jokes always make people laugh.

4. This system allows people to easily transfer data from one computer to another.

5. Her mother didn’t let her drive the motorbike.

6. Their boss doesn’t let them leave early.

7. We don’t allow people to smoke in the hotel.

8. The boy would have lived on hamburgers if we let him.

9. That song makes me think of my ex-boyfriend.

10. My teacher made me do 40 press-ups.

Đáp án:

1. He is made to eat all the cookies by them.

2. I won’t let to buy a car by my grandparents.

3. People are always made to laugh by his jokes.

4. People are allowed to easily transfer data from one computer to another with this system.

5. She wasn’t let to drive the motorbike by her mother.

6. They are not let to leave early by their boss.

7. People are not allowed to smoke in the hotel.

8. The boy would have lived on hamburgers if he was left.

9. I am made to think of my ex-boyfriend by that song.

10. I am made to do 40 press-ups by my teacher.

  • Câu bị động và 7 động từ đặc biệt 

7 động từ đặc biệt gồm: suggest (đề nghị), recommend (giới thiệu), order (yêu cầu, ra lệnh), request (yêu cầu), require (đòi hỏi, yêu cầu), demand (đòi hỏi, yêu cầu), insist (khăng khăng đòi)

Cấu trúc:

Công thức dạng chủ động: S + suggest/recommend/demand… + that + S + (should) + V-inf + O.
⟶ Công thức ở dạng bị động: It + be + suggested/recommended/demanded… + that + S + (should) + be + V3/ed + O.

Ví dụ:

My friends suggest that we (should) eat seafood at this restaurant.
(Dịch: Các bạn tôi gợi ý rằng chúng tôi nên ăn hải sản ở nhà hàng này.​)
➤ It is suggested that seafood (should) be eaten at this restaurant.

Bài tập: Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. The employee suggested that we choose the Toyota Prius instead of another hybrid car.

2. If you are allergic to animal’s hair, I suggest that you buy a snake or a fish as a pet.

3. He recommended that we try latte at the coffee shop down the street.

4. Minh insists that I hire someone to help.

5. My friend insisted that I eat dinner at his house. 

6. The rules require sellers  to participate in safety training.

7. Parents have demanded that the irresponsible teachers resign from their job.

Đáp án: 

1. It is suggested that Toyota Prius be chosen instead of another hybrid car.

2. If you are allergic to animal’s hair, it is suggested that a snake or a fish should be bought as a pet.

3. It was recommended that latte be tried at the coffee shop down the street.

4. It is insisted that someone be hired to help.

5. It was insisted that dinner should be eaten at my friend’s house.

6. It is required that safety training be participated in.

7. It has been demanded that the job should be resigned from the irresponsible teachers.

  • Câu bị động với chủ ngữ giả It

Cấu trúc:

Công thức dạng chủ động: It + be + adj + for sb + to V + to do something
⟶ Công thức ở dạng bị động: It + be + adj + for sth + to be V3/ed.

Ví dụ:

It is difficult for most of these children to learn Maths.
(Dịch: Việc học môn Toán thì khó đối với phần lớn những đứa trẻ này.)
➤ It is difficult for Maths to be learned by most of these children.
(Dịch: Môn Toán được học bởi phần lớn những đứa trẻ này thì khó khăn.)

Bài tập: Chuyển các câu dưới đây thành câu bị động

1. It is crucial for people to wear a helmet whenever doing any dangerous sport.

2. It is useful for you to note down the passport number on your phone, in case you lose it.

3. It is inevitable for him now that we have found out what happened.

4. It is reasonable for us to have finally won the championship.

5. It’s funny for a rabbit to eat yogurt.

6. It is disturbing for students to hear noise from the outside. 

7. It is surprising for me to receive a gift from my kids. 

8. It is late for you to submit the form at this time.

9. It is nice for the girl to receive a lovely bouquet of flowers from her boyfriend.

10. It is easy for the smart girl to learn new languages.

Đáp án: 

1. It is crucial for a helmet to be worn by people whenever doing any dangerous sport.

2. It is useful for the passport number to be noted down on your phone, in case it is lost.

3. It is inevitable for what happened to have been found out by us.

4. It is reasonable for the championship to have finally won by us.

5. It’s funny for yogurt to be eaten by a rabbit.

6. It is disturbing for noise to be heard from the outside by students.

7. It is surprising for a gift to be received from my kids by me.

8. It is late for the form to be submitted at this time.

9. It is nice for a lovely bouquet of flowers to be received by the girl from her boyfriend.

10. It is easy for new languages to be learned by the smart girl.

2.3. Bài tập câu bị động khác

  •  Need/ want/ require/ deserve/be worth: Cần/ muốn/ yêu cầu/ xứng đáng với/ đáng để làm gì

Cấu trúc:

Câu chủ động: Need/ want/ require/ deserve/be worth + to V/V-ing

→ Câu bị động: Need/ want/ require/ deserve/be worth to be pII

Ví dụ: 

We need to cut the grass soon.

(Dịch: Chúng ta nên cắt cỏ sớm đi.)

⇒ The grass needs to be cut./ The grass needs cutting.

(Dịch: Cỏ cần được cắt.)

Lưu ý: Need + V-ing trong trường hợp này mang nghĩa bị động. 

  • Avoid: Tránh điều gì

Cấu trúc:

Câu chủ động: S + avoid V-ing 

→ Câu bị động: S+ to be + avoided being pII + (by sb)

Ví dụ: 

We avoided driving on that bumpy road.

(Dịch: Chúng tôi đã tránh lái xe trên con đường ổ gà đó.)

→ That bumpy road was avoided being driven on.

(Dịch: Con đường ổ gà đó đã được tránh lái xe lên trên đó.)

Cấu trúc:

Câu chủ động: (Chủ ngữ) S + prevent … from V-ing

→ Câu bị động: Sb/sth + to be prevent from being pII + (by sb)

Ví dụ: 

They prevented Sarah from joining the competition.

(Dịch: Họ đã ngăn cản Sarah không tham gia cuộc thi đó.)

⇒ Sarah was prevented from joining the competition by them..

(Dịch: Tôi bị ngăn cản không tham gia cuộc thi đó bởi họ.)

Bài tập: Chọn chữ cái đứng trước câu trả lời đúng để hoàn thành các câu dưới đây:

1. The celebrity wears dark clothes and glasses to avoid _________.

A. be recognizing

B. be recognized

C. being recognized

D. recognized

2. They were _________ outside due to a heavy storm.

A. avoided camping

B. prevented from camping

C. prevented camping

D. deserved from camping

3. A: This rule has prevented the students from cheating.

P: __________________________________.

A. Cheating has been prevented from students by this rule. 

B. Students have been prevented from cheating by this rule.

C. Students has prevented from cheating by this rule.

D. Cheating have prevented from students by this rule. 

4. A: People deserve to know the news. 

P: _______________________.

A. The news is deserved to be known.

B. The news are deserved knowing by people.

C. Knowing the news is deserved by people.

D. The news is deserved knowing by people.

5. They are ______ by law to stop the car. 

A. deserving

B. required

C. requiring

D. deserved

Đáp án: 

1. C. being recognized

→ The celebrity wears dark clothes and glasses to avoid being recognized.

(Dịch: Người nổi tiếng mặc quần áo sẫm màu và đeo kính để tránh bị nhận ra.)

2. B. prevented from camping

→ They were prevented from camping outside due to a heavy storm.

(Dịch: Họ bị cơn bão lớn ngăn khỏi việc cắm trại ngoài trời.)

3. B. Students have been prevented from cheating by this rule.

→ A: This rule has prevented the students from cheating in exams.

(Dịch: Quy tắc này đã ngăn chặn học sinh thực hiện việc gian lận.)

P: Students have been prevented from cheating in exams by this rule.

4. A. This news is deserved to be known.

→ A: People deserve to know this news.

(Dịch: ​Mọi người xứng đáng được biết tin tức này.​)

P: The news is deserved to be known.

5. B. required

→ They are required by law to stop the car.

(Dịch: Theo quy định của pháp luật thì họ buộc phải dừng xe.)

2.4. Bài tập câu bị động khác

Sau đây là một số bài tập để các bạn có thể ôn tập lại kiến thức của câu bị động.

Bài tập câu bị động trong Tiếng Anh

Exercise 1: Choose the correct answer

1. A girl feeds the cats.

The cats ________________________

A. are fed

B. were fed by a girl

2. A woman opened the window.

The window _____________________

A. was opened

B. is broken by a woman

3. Everybody has made a mistake.

A mistake _______________________

A. was made

B. has been made

4. Somebody is going to meet her.

She _____________________________

A. is going to be met

B. was going to be loved by somebody

5. We are helping our brother.

Our brother ________________

A. are being helped by us

B. are being helped

6. Pam will drive the bus.

The bus ____________________

A. will have been driven

B. will be driven by Pam

7. My father is watering these trees.

These trees ___________________

A. are being watered

B. is being watered by my father

8. She will pay the bill in 3 months.

The bill__________________

A. pay in 3 months

B. will be paid in 3 months by her

Đáp án:

  1. A
  2. A
  3. B
  4. A
  5. B
  6. B
  7. B
  8. B

Exercise 2: Change the following sentences into passive voice.

1. Do they play the piano here?

……………………………………………………………………………

2. Will she invite him to her wedding party?

……………………………………………………………………………

3. Has Tommy done the work?

……………………………………………………………………………

4. Does the teacher give some exercises?

……………………………………………………………………………

5. Have they finished their homework?

……………………………………………………………………………

6. The waiter brought me this fish.

……………………………………………………………………………

7. Their friends send these books to them.

……………………………………………………………………………

8. My grandmother told me this story when I visited her last year.

……………………………………………………………………………

9. Thanh ordered this bus ticket for his brother.

……………………………………………………………………………

10. They didn’t show her the cameras.

……………………………………………………………………………

11. He showed his ticket to the airline agent.

……………………………………………………………………………

12. She lends his sister her new shoes.

……………………………………………………………………………

13. She left her relatives four million pounds.

……………………………………………………………………………

14. The assistant handed the box to the customer.

……………………………………………………………………………

15. The board awarded the second prize to the reporter.

……………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án

1. Is the piano played here?

2. Will he be invited to her wedding party?

3. Has the work been done by Tommy?

4. Are some exercises given by the teacher?

5. Has their homework been finished?

6. This fish was brought to me (by the waiter).

7. These books are sent to them (by their friends).

8. This story was told to me (by my grandmother) when I visited her last year.

9. This bus ticket was ordered for Thanh’s brother.

10. The cameras weren’t shown to her.

11. His ticket was shown to the airline agent (by him).

12. Her new shoes are lent to his sister (by her).

13. Four million pounds was left to her relatives (by her).

14. The box was handed to the customer (by the assistant).

15. The second prize was awarded to the reporter (by the board).

Exercise 3. Give the correct form of the word in brackets.

1. The war ……………………………….. next month. (declare)

2. Her homework ……………………………….. by tomorrow afternoon. (must do)

3. This house …………………………………  since she was a child. (not paint)

4. Smoking ………………………………..  in this restaurant. (not allow)

5. After all the flights …………………………., they checked in at the airport hotel. (CANCEL)

6. The bike ……………………..…. for over two weeks. (not wash)

7. She ………………………. a new phone last week. (give)

8. This song ………………………………..by the Beatles in 1967. (write)

9. The earth …………………………… if people try hard enough to do something (can save)

10. The bridge ……………………………….. at the moment. (build)

Đáp án

1. will be declared

2. must be done

3. hasn’t been painted

4. is not allowed

5. had been canceled

6. hasn’t been washed

7. was given

8. was written

9. can be saved

10. are being built

Exercise 4: Change the following sentences into the passive voice.

1. The waiter brings her this dish.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. My friends send these postcards to me.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Her mother told me this story when I visited her last week.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. Tom ordered this bus ticket for his mother.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. He showed his ticket to the airline agent.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. Linda baked this cake last week.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. We are going to buy an apartment next week.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. Have you sent Christmas gifts to your family?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án 

1. This dish is brought to her by the waiter.

2. These postcards are sent to me by my friends.

3. I was told this story by my mother when I visited her last week.

4. This bus ticket was ordered for Tom’s mother by him.

5. His ticket was shown to the airline agent.

6. This cake was baked by Linda last week.

7. An apartment is going to be bought next week.

8. Have Christmas gifts been sent to your family?

Bài viết trên là tổng hợp những kiến thức cơ bản kèm theo các bài tập câu bị động trong tiếng Anh để các bạn có thể nắm vững kiến thức. Mong rằng những chia sẻ trên của IELTS Vietop sẽ giúp các bạn có thể học tốt hơn!

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