101 từ vựng thường gặp trong đề thi IELTS Reading


Nhắc đến Reading thì thay lập tức chúng ta sẽ nghĩ đến những bài đọc dài 2-3 trang A4 ngập tràn chữ, nghĩ đến là phát ngán rồi phải không các bạn!

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101 từ vựng thường gặp trong đề thi IELTS Reading
101 từ vựng thường gặp trong đề thi IELTS Reading
STTTừ Vựng                        NghĩaVí dụ trong bài thi
1Auditory (adj) – Visual (adj)Liên quan đến thính giác – liên quan đến thị giácSuch chemical communication can be compared to the human use of visual and auditory channels to arouse and propagate moods and attitudes. [Ant intelligence]
2Scarce (adj) – Scarcity (n)Khan hiếmHow the problem of land scarcity has been overcome in the past [Space]
3Urge (n) To urge s.o to do sth Urgent (adj)Sự thúc giục Thúc giục ai đó làm gì đó Cấp bách…a student can ignore the limbic urge to socialise and go to sleep early instead. [The triune brain]
Enormous (adj)
≈ Huge (adj)
≈ Massive (adj)
LớnThese may grow toward the ceiling to form column of massive proportions. [Caves]
7Fascinating (adj) ≈ very interesting Fascination (n)Rất thú vị / kì thúAnd these positive relationships are the starting point for our fascination with collecting objects. [Why do people collect things]
8Astonishing (adj) ≈ very surprising Astonishment (n)Rất đáng ngạc nhiênInstead, to his astonishment, he dug up artefacts, which appeared to belong to a 2500-year-old museum. [Why do people collect things]
Inevitable (adj)
≈ unavoidable ≈ bound to happen
Chắc chắn sẽ xảy ra/ Không thể tránh khỏi / Hiển nhiên sẽ tớiSuch is our dependence on fossil fuels, and such is the volume of carbon dioxide already released into the atmosphere, that many expers agree that significant global warming is now inevitable. [Reducing the Effects of Climate Change]
11 12Comparable to/in (adj)
≈ Equivalent to (adj)
Tương đươngIt should be noted that the two groups of children had been carefully matched by the investigators so that they were comparable in age, ethnicity, race and social class. [Effects of noise]
13Precious (adj)Quý giáAs a precious and protable commodity, salt has long been a cornerstone of economies throughout history. [The history of salt]
14Suspicious (adj)Gây nghi ngờFirstly, the very idea of documentary film made some people suspicious. [Making documentary films]
15Sceptical (adj) / Skeptical (adj)Hoài nghiIn 2005, a survey by Klaus Vanselow and Klaus Ricklefs of sperm whale strandings in the North Sea even found a correlation between these and the sunspot cycle, and suggested that changes in the Earth’s magnetic field might be involved. But others are sceptical. [Whale strandings]
16Underlying (adj)Cơ bảnBut the underlying mathematical theories of radar and sonar are very similar, … [Let’s go bats]
17 18Infectious (adj)
≈ Contagious (adj)
(bệnh) lây nhiễmAt the same time, thousands of people across Europe were dying of the plague, a highly contagious and deadly disease. [Nutmeg – a valuable spice]
19Prone to (adj)Khả năng cao sẽ bị (gì đó)Perhaps one of the most obvious examples of this idea is malaria-prone areas, which are usually tropical regions that foster a warm and damp environment… [The intersection of health sciences and geography]
20Vulnerable to (adj) ≈ Susceptible to (adj)Dễ bị ảnh hưởng bởi… as they work to find a way to halt the further spread or re-emergence of diseases in vulnerable populations [The intersection of health sciences and geography]
21Adept at + n/Ving <  Excel at + n/vingThạo / Giỏi chuyện gì đóBilingual people often excel at tasks such as this, … [The benefits of being bilingual]
22 23 24Renowned (adj)
≈ Prominent (adj)
≈ Well-known (adj)
Nổi tiếngEnglish football was as rough as ever, but it found a prominent supporter in the school headmaster Richard Mulcaster. [The origins of football]
25Lucrative (adj) ≈ Profitable (adj)Có khả năng sinh lờiDemand for this exotic fabric eventually created the lucrative trade route now known as the Silk Road… [The story of silk]
26 27Devastating (adj)
≈ Severe (adj)
 Second, rainforest fragments dry out when surrounded by dry, hot pastures and the resulting drought can have devastating consequences … [Tree in trouble]
28Exclusive (adj) Throughout this period, the Arabs were the exclusive importers of the spice to Europe. [Nutmeg – a valuable spice]
29Simultaneous (adj)Cùng một lúcHowever, Thomas Lehman, a researcher in Psychology, believes people never really do multiple things simultaneously. [How well do we concentrate?]
30Spontaneous (adj) The type of play we are interested in is child-initiated, spontaneous and unpredictable [The importance of children’s play]
31Durable (adj) Plaques have been found to be extremely durable  and have an almost indefinite life expectancy. [English heritage blue plaques scheme 2]
32Deliberate (adj) ≈ Intentional (adj)Có chủ đích / cố tìnhDurrand’s team eventually concluded that the villa had been deliberately destroyed.
33 34 35Moist (adj)
≈ Humid (adj)
≈ Damp (adj)
 In some the larger kelps, this coating is not only to keep the plant moist, but also … [Seaweeds of New Zealand]
36Oblidged to Vo (adj) Obligation (n)Bắt buộcDocumentary filmmakers have an obligation to include their own opinions about… [Making documentary film]
37 38 39 40 41 42Flood (n)
Hurricane (n)
Monsoon (n)
Earthquake (n)
Drought (n)
Tidal waves (n)
Lũ lụt Cuồng phong Gió mùa (đông bắc) Động đất Hạn hán Sóng thầnMassive floods, long droughts, hurricanes and severe monsoons take their toll each year, destroying millions of tons of valuable crops. [Crop-growing skyscrapers]
43Outbreak (n) < Epidemic (n) < Pandemic (n)Ví dụ dịch Corona: Khi chỉ ở Vũ Hán thì gọi là Outbreak Khi lan tỏa ra TQ và lân cận thì gọi là Epidemic Khi lan tỏa ra toàn cầu thì gọi là Pandemic 
44Revolution (n) – Revolutionary (adj)Cuộc cách mạng[The revolutionary bridges of Robert Maillart]
45Territory (n) – Territorial (adj)Lãnh thổ… the reptilian brain offers up only the most basic impulses: aggression, mating, and territorial defence. [The triune brain]
46Genre (n)Thể loại (nhạc, phim, sách…)… who argues that the genre can be traced back as early as 1895 … [Making documentary films]
47Allergic reaction (n) Allergy (n)Dị ứng Bệnh dị ứngTheir sting can cause a serious allergic reaction in some people and large outbreaks of them. [Jellyfish: A remarkable marine life form]
48Category (n) To categorize (v)Thể loại Phân loại… and work to create a clear way of categorizing illnesses, diseases and epidemics … [The intersection of health sciences and geography]
49Capacity (n)– Khả năng – Sức chứa… and a capacity to comprehend the ways of other people. [Volunteering]
50Navigation (n) To navigateĐịnh vị… they navigate by integrating bearings and distances, … [Ant intelligence]
51Accountability (n) ≈ Responsibility (n)Khả năng chịu trách nhiệm cho chuyện gì đóBut such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people … [Making every drop count]
52 53 54Commodity (n)
≈ Merchandise (n)
≈ Cargo (n)
Hàng hóa / Mặt hàngAs a preciousand protable commodity, salt has long been a cornerstone of economies throughout history. [The history of salt]
55Monopoly (n)Thế độc quyềnThe Dutch now had a monopoly over the nutmeg trade… [Nutmeg]
56Prejudice (n)Định kiến…, but faced the challenge of overcoming the people’s prejudice against the plant. [The impact of potato]
57Ailment (n)Vấn đề về sức khỏe… health benefits, and was thought to cure various ailments, such as indigestion. [Bringing cinnamon to Europe]
58Rival (n)Đối thủOn one occasion, in 1872, the ship and a rival clipper, … [Cutty Sark]
59Cornerstone (n)Nền móngAs a preciousand protable commodity, salt has long been a cornerstone of economies throughout history. [The history of salt]
60Exposure to sth (n)
To expose sth to sth
Tiếp xúc / Phơi (bày)Those shallow-water species able to resist long periods of exposure to sun and air are usually found on the upper shore, while those less able to withstand such exposure occur … [Seaweeds in New Zealand]
61To dominate – Domination (n)Thống trị… when the Suez Canal opened and steam propulsion was replacing sail, clippers dominated world trade. [Cutty Sark]
62To reproduceSinh sảnHow seaweeds reproduce and grow [Seaweeds in New Zealand]
63To alleviate ≈ To mitigateLàm dịu đi (1 vấn đề)…holding of stocks by governments can also help mitigate wild swings in food prices by alleviating uncertainties about market supply. [The risks agriculture faces in developing countries]
64To resist sthChống lại / khángThose shallow-water species able to resist long periods of exposure to sun and air are usually found on the upper shore, while those less able to withstand such exposure occur … [Seaweeds in New Zealand]
65 66 67To change
≈ To alter
≈ To adjust ≈ To modify
Thay đổi / chỉnh sửa…yet most of us have had the experience of having to adjust to sleeping in the mountains… [Effects of noise]
68 69To endure
≈ To withstand
Chống chịu / chịu đựngThose shallow-water species able to resist long periods of exposure to sun and air are usually found on the upper shore, while those less able to withstand such exposure occur … [Seaweeds in New Zealand]
70To dwindleNhỏ lại / giảm điIn some parts of the world, populations of big trees are dwindling[Trees in trouble]
71To sth into accountCân nhắc chuyện gì đóThe construction of the Falkirk Wheel site took into account the presence of a nearby ancient monument. [The Falkirk Wheel]
To copy
≈ To mimic (behavior)
≈ To replicate (product/process)
≈ To imitate (both)
Bắt chước…the effects they can have on the world around them is provided when others mimic them. [Young children’s sense of identity]
76To stimulateKích thích…and depositing iron in the ocean to stimulate the growth of algae… [Reducing the Effects of Climate Change]
77To eliminateLoại bỏ / loại trừAll the food could be grown organically, eliminating the need for herbicides, pesticides and fertilisers. [Crop-growing skyscrapers]
78To assembleLắp ráp lạiThe various parts of The Falkirk Wheel were all constructed and assembled, … [The Falkirk Wheel]
79To dismantleTháo dỡ raIn the summer of 2001, the structure was then dismantled and transported… [The Falkirk Wheel]
80To accumulateTích trữ / tích lũy… was to have understood the need to accumulate intense radioactive sources, … [The life and work of Marie Curie]
81To depict ≈ To illustrateMô tả…, the film depicts the hard, sometimes heroic lives … [Making documentary films]
82To abandon sthBỏ điMinutes later, Alice has abandoned the kingdom … [The importance of children’s play]
83To facilitate sthLàm việc gì đó dễ hơnIf playful experiences do facilitate this aspect of development… [The importance of children’s play]
84To emergeXuất hiện…about 65 million years ago were our ancestors able to emerge into the daylight in any substantial numbers. [Let’s go bats]
85To cultivate – Cultivation (n)Trồng trọt canh tác…the Royal Society recommended the cultivation the tuber to the English government and the nation, … [The impact of the potato]
86To irrigate – Irrigation (n)Tưới tiêu…clean water supplies, and provide water for irrigation and hydropower… [Making every drop count]
87To soar – Soaring (adj)Tăng vọtFood production has kept pace with soaring populations… [Making every drop count]
88To exploit – Exploitation (n)Khai thácAll European forests are artificial, having been adapted and exploited by man for thousands of years. [Plans to protect the forests of Europe]
89To exceed – Excess (n) – Excessive (adj)Vượt quá / quá mức…, during the 1990s, annual harvests were well in excess of 100 million, … [Endless Harvest]
90To halt – Halt (n)Ngừng / dừng việc gì đó…biologist in a particular area can put a halt to fishing. [Endless Harvest]
91Plausible (adj) ≈ Sensible (adj)Hợp lýIn general, it is plausible to suppose that we should prefer peace and quiet to noise. [Effects of noise]
92Sufficient (adj) ≈ Enough (adj) ≈ Adequate (adj)ĐủJust the knowledge that one has control is sufficient. [Effects of noise]
93Milestone (n)Cột mốc (trên 1 hành trình hoặc sự phát triển)The ability to recognise your reflection is considered an important milestone in infant development… [Robots with a sense of self]
94To manipulate ≈ To controlĐiều khiển / chi phốiThis should help them carry out tasks such as manipulating objects… [Robots with a sense of self]
95To enhance sth ≈ To improve sthCải thiện / tăng cường, nâng cao…such research could ultimately enhance our understanding of cognitive development in infants. [Robots with a sense of self]
99 100
Trait (n)
≈ Feature (n)
≈ Characteristic (n)
≈ Property (n)
≈ Attribute (n)
Đặc điểm / Đặc tính…linguistic differences don’t really matter, that language is a universal human trait, … [You are what you speak]
101Universal (adj)Phổ biến khắp mọi nơi hoặc tất cả mọi người…linguistic differences don’t really matter, that language is a universal human trait, … [You are what you speak]

Trên đây là 101 từ vựng thường gặp trong đề thi IELTS Reading thường xuyên gặp phải nhất. Vì thế, bạn nên thuộc nằm lòng để làm bài thi IELTS Reading đạt kết quả cao hơn nữa. Những từ vựng được liệt kê này có tính ứng dụng cao, phổ biến trong ngôn ngữ khoa học và báo chí, bởi vậy mà 96% bạn sẽ gặp phải khi đọc đề thi IELTS Reading.

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