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The graph shows Japanese average monthly salary (Yen) from 1953 to 1983, and the prices of black and white television and colour television during the same period.
The line chart depicts the average monthly income of Japanese individuals as well as the pricing of black and white and colour televisions during a period of 30 years.
Overall, as the average wage witnessed an upward trend over time, the price of both types of televisions plummeted. Additionally, for the majority of the time, the cost of television was higher than the average monthly wage in Japan.
Initially, a black-and-white television cost roughly 110,000 Yen in 1953. The price dropped sharply ten years later, then progressively dropped to around 20,000 Yen by 1983. Colour televisions followed a similar pattern, costing around 100,000 Yen when they initially came out and then falling dramatically in price over the years to just below 50,000 Yen by the end of the period.
Meanwhile, at the outset of the period, the typical Japanese monthly wage (20,000 Yen) was merely around one fifth the cost of ua black-and-white television. From 1953 until 1973, when it surpassed the cost of black-and-white televisions, the amount progressively increased before skyrocketing to about 70,000 Yen in 1983.
- Average wage (n): mức lương trung bình
- Plummet (v): giảm mạnh
- Surpass (v): vượt qua
- Skyrocket (v): tăng vọt mạnh
Some human activities have negative effects on plant and animal species. Some people think it is too late to do anything about this problem while others think effective measures can be taken to improve this situation. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Humans have over-exploited natural resources in recent years, resulting in significant climate change. It is said that people are powerless to change the current circumstances, despite the fact that several experts have proposed numerous comprehensive solutions for governments, businesses, and communities to recover the living environment. During the course of the essay, both opinions would be discussed objectively before drawing on a rational conclusion.
On the one hand, it is true that the industrial revolution, which has had a significant impact on the habitat of flora and fauna, has resulted in numerous financial advantages for certain groups such as ventures and businesses; however, some of them appear to be unwilling to act as protective measures due to the loss of their economic resources. For example, when the population grows, more food is produced and wasted, and food firms aim to maximise their profits by delivering a large quantity of products while ignoring the significant impacts on plant and animal species. Furthermore, exploitation occurs on a daily basis to suit human needs, despite the fact that it results in the extinction of endangered species.
Nonetheless, conserving an environment should be done instantaneously since a healthy ecosystem is necessary for long-term growth and human well-being. Biodiversity, in particular, supports humanity with food, health, clean air, and clean water. As a result, some suggested actions include setting production standards to limit deforestation, raising awareness of people about the importance of planting more trees for forests, reducing wasted food, population growth rates, and greenhouse gas emissions, incentivizing renewable energy, and using technology to grow more food on less land. In large cities, for example, electric vehicles are more likely to be an effective solution to reduce air pollution.
To summarise, while human beings have significant challenges in raising such a big population, it appears to me that people should do their best to safeguard plants and animals, as these acts can improve human environment and better promote global growth.
- comprehensive solutions (n): giải pháp khả dĩ
- flora and fauna (n): động thực vật
- biodiversity (n): sự đa dạng sinh học
- incentivize (n): thúc đẩy