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The table below describes the number of employees and factories in England and Wales from 1851 to 1901.
The given table presents the statistics of factory staff and factories in England and Wales over a period of half a century from 1851 to 1901.
Overall, the table indicates that the total number of factory employees witnessed a downward trend throughout the surveyed period whereas the data of factories increased significantly. Besides, the figure for males mostly dominated that of the counterpart, except for the year 1861.
Initially, there were nearly half a million workers in total with only 225 factories back in the year 1851. While the former had a drop of nearly 200,00 in the next decade, the latter remained stable. Moving to 1871, the total number of workers fell around 50% whereas the number of factories tripled. During the last 30 years, the number of factories fluctuated a little to the peak of 721 and finally stopped at 600 in 1901. During the same time, the figure for workers continued to decrease to only 61,000 in the last year.
In terms of the gender distribution, the total number of female and male workers gradually decreased throughout the period, from about 288,000 and 190,000, respectively, to approximately 30,000. However, only in the year 1861, the figure for females was slightly higher than that for males.
The best way to solve the world’s environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel for cars and other vehicles. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It has been argued that raising the price of gasoline for vehicles in general is considered as the ideal method to address global environmental issues. During the course of this essay, I would analyse this opinion objectively as well as to present feasible alternatives before coming to a rational conclusion.
It is true that an increased price for fuel, perhaps by taxations, might help in alleviating the general air pollution as well as reducing personal carbon footprint. In detail, cars and other vehicles running on fossil fuels have contributed a tremendous amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. This does not only exacerbate the air quality problem in developing countries but also contributes to global warming. In case that costs of fuel are increased, people would be reluctant to use their private vehicles, which would eventually lead to a reduction in emissions. Thus, the presented solution seems to be an appropriate one to tackle the issue in the short-term.
On the other hand, increasing fuel costs would be counterproductive to a certain extent. Under the influence of a hike in petrol prices, the global economy would be detrimentally affected, especially for the group of less affluent people. As a result, concentrating on developing renewable energy would be more beneficial as these sources are less finite and pollution-free. For instance, electric vehicles are the upcoming trend, yet they are still prohibitively expensive to be a sensible alternative. When renewables are more available to an ordinary resident, the dependence of burning fossil fuels would be reduced without any punishments.
In conclusion, it is reasonable to state that although the hike in fuel prices would help reduce emissions, it is far from being an ideal solution. Thus, the environmental problems would be tackled more efficiently by alternatives, such as investing more in renewable energy.
- Feasible alternative (n): giải pháp thay thế khả thi
- Carbon footprint (n): lượng xả thải carbon
- Exacerbate (v): làm trầm trọng thêm
- Affluent (adj): khá giả, thịnh vượng
- Prohibitively expensive (adj): đắt quá tầm thu nhập