Chủ đề Đô thị (Cities) – IELTS Writing Task 2

Chủ đề Đô thị (Cities) là chủ đề có khả năng xuất hiện trong bài thi IELTS Writing. Bởi theo quá trình phát triển của kinh tế cũng ảnh hưởng ít nhiều đến đời sống hàng ngày. Trong bài viết hôm nay IELTS Vietop xin giới thiệu đến bạn một số từ vựng quan trọng và đề thi chủ đề Đô thị (Cities) có thể gặp phải trong bài thi IELTS Writing Task 2. Hãy cùng tìm hiểu nhé!

Với chủ đề này, hãy trang bị các từ vựng, kiến thức sơ đẳng về lĩnh vực kinh tế, chúng sẽ giúp ích cho bạn trong việc phát triển ý tưởng dễ dàng hơn nhiều.

1. Từ vựng quan trọng trong chủ đề Đô thị (Cities)

Từ/cụm từ

Nghĩa

Ví dụ

  • urban sprawl

đô thị phát triển vô tổ chức

The historic downtown of Woodstock is threatened by urban sprawl and encroaching development.

  • slum

khu ổ chuột

She was brought up in the slums of Leeds.

  • law and order

luật lệ và trật tự

What would happen in a world without law and order?

  • well-being

sự hạnh phúc, sự tốt đẹp

The Plan's stated objective was "to provide facilities and opportunities for the rural population to improve its level of economic and social wellbeing."

  • volume of traffic

lượng giao thông

New roads are being built to cope with the increased volume of traffic.

  • curb

kiềm chế, kiểm soát

A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation.

  • congestion

tắc nghẽn, ách tắc

Due to increasing traffic congestion and prevalence of accidents along Interstate 235, the city of Des Moines is considering implementing a speeding camera program to curb excessive speeding

  • gridlocked

(xe cộ) chằng chịt

The Chicago area is one of the most gridlocked metropolitan regions in the US, according to a new traffic study.

  • metropolitan

thuộc về đô thị

Supermarkets and shopping malls are increasingly located outside metropolitan areas.

  • cosmopolitan

có tính quốc tế; có nhiều nền văn hóa khác nhau

High and assured social status helped to keep diplomats, especially high-ranking ones, distinctly cosmopolitan in outlook.

  • deprived

thiếu thốn

a deprived childhood/background/area

economically/emotionally/socially deprived

  • incessant

liên hồi, liên tục

Some people hate living in the cities because of the incessant noises.

incessant volume of traffic

  • amenity

cơ sở, trang thiết bị

the College is equipped with every facility and recreational amenity for the most conducive study environment around.

  • render

khiến cho

Hundreds of people were rendered homeless by the earthquake.

Incessant noises render city dwellers’ lives miserable.

2. Các đề thi theo chủ đề Đô thị (Cities)

Các đề thi theo chủ đề Đô thị (Cities)

Các đề thi theo chủ đề Đô thị (Cities)

1. It’s more important to plant trees in towns and cities than to build more houses. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

2. In some cities, the government has tried to reduce traffic by a congestion tax during rush hours. Is it a positive or negative development?

3. In some cities, people are choosing cars instead of bicycles, while in other cities riding bikes is a better option than driving cars. Why is it the case? Which do you think is better?

4. Some people think that living in big cities is becoming more difficult. Others believe that it is getting easier. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

5. The movement of people from agricultural areas to cities to work can cause serious problems in both places. What are the problems? What can be taken to solve those problems?

6. Housing shortage in big cities can cause severe social consequences. Some people think only the government can solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

7. It is important for all towns and cities to have large public places like squares and parks. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

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