Cách viết dạng Advantages & Disadvantages – IELTS Writing Task 2

Trong bài viết ngày hôm nay IELTS Vietop sẽ hướng dẫn bạn cách viết dạng bài Advantages - Disadvantages trong bài thi Writing task 2, cùng tìm hiểu nhé!

Xem thêm cách làm một số dạng bài ở phần thi IELTS Writing Task 2:

1. Cách nhận biết dạng Advantage - Disadvantage

Với dạng bài Advantages - Disadvantages đề bài sẽ đưa ra một vấn đề hoặc ý kiến và yêu cầu bạn phải chỉ ra những nhược điểm cũng như ưu điểm của nó.

Thông thường dạng bài Advantages - Disadvantages được chia làm 2 loại:

Loại 1: Chỉ liệt kê ra các ưu điểm và nhược điểm

Ví dụ: The internet has made knowledge immediately available to people through computers and smartphones all around the world. Much of this knowledge is also free. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this trend.

Loại 2: Người viết cần chỉ ra liệu ưu điểm có lấn át được nhược điểm hay không

Ví dụ: Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?

-> Chúng ta có thể thấy về căn bản thì 2 dạng bài này đều đòi hỏi người viết viết về ưu và nhược điểm của vấn đề, tuy nhiên với loại 2 thì cần phải khẳng định rõ trong bài viết của mình cái nào chiếm ưu thế hơn từ mở bài cho đến khi kết bài.

2. Cấu trúc của bài viết Advantages - Disadvantages (Structure)

Tương tự như những dạng bài khác của phần Writing task 2, bố cục của một bài viết dạng Advantages - Disadvantages gồm 3 phần chính.

⚡ KHÔNG CÓ OUTWEIGH

BỐ CỤC

1

Introduction: 1 đoạn

2

Body: 2 đoạn

Body 1: Advantage

Body 2: Disadvantage

3

Conclusion: 1 đoạn

⚡ CÓ OUTWEIGH

BỐ CỤC

1

Introduction: 1 đoạn

2

Body: 2 đoạn

Body 1: Cái nào chiếm ưu thế ít

Body 2: Cái chiếm ưu thế nhiều hơn

3

Conclusion: 1 đoạn

3. Template gợi ý cho dạng bài Advantage- Disadvantage

⚡ KHÔNG CÓ OUTWEIGH

1. Introduction

This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of this trend

This trend would create certain benefits but there will also be some drawbacks

2. Body #1

Topic sentence

On the one hand, there are several reasons why N is beneficial

Advantage #1

Firstly, ….

Advantage #2

Secondly, …

3. Body #2

Topic sentence

On the other hand, there are a number of disadvantages of ……that people should take into consideration

Disadvantage #1

The principal one is that ….

Disadvantage #2

In addition, ….

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, … could bring about certain benefits, but its negative consequences should not be overlooked

⚡ CÓ OUTWEIGH

1. Introduction

Advantage > disadvantage

In my opinion, the benefits of ….outweigh its drawbacks

Advantage < disadvantage

While this development may bring about some benefits, I would argue they are eclipsed the drawbacks.

2. Body
Advantage > Disadvantage

Topic sentence

Body 1

On the one hand, …..offers people several benefits

Body 2

On the other hand, I am of the opinion that the aforementioned advantages are at the expense of greater drawbacks.

Advantage < Disadvantage

Topic sentence

Body 1

When S + V, several problems can be anticipated.

Body 2

In spite of the drawbacks mentioned above, I believe that ………. is a positive measure/ trend/ development

3. Conclusion

Advantage > disadvantage

In conclusion, while………may have some positive aspects, I believe they are outweighed by the more significant negative aspects.

Advantage < disadvantage

In conclusion, it seems to me that the disadvantages of ……… are more considerable than its advantages.

B. Bài mẫu

Topic: Many foods are shipped from far away. Some people think that eating local foods is more environmentally and economically. Do you think the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
ielts-writing-task-2-eating-local-food
Sample essay

The shipping of a wide range of foods from other cities or countries may have an adverse impact on locally produced food in this modern world of aggressive competition. However, the latter, in my own eyes, obviously offers more merits than demerits.

On the face of it, the consumption of local food might be said to have certain drawbacks. One of them is the lack of diversity or exotic taste. Without access to strange food from far away, people in Vietnam today, for instance, would feel fed up with a limited number of food choices or would never have a chance to try, and probably enjoy, the taste of a similar type of food which is actually imported from other countries, such as Kobe beef from Japan.

However, compared with food transported from other regions, eating food produced locally is significantly more beneficial in economic, environmental, and educational terms. From an economic point of view, local food does not involve excessive transportation leading to higher and higher costs, especially with increasing fuel prices taken into account. This is also associated with less damaging effects on the environment related to the shipping of food products by plane from abroad. In terms of education, consuming local food helps nurture patriotism among young generations, orienting them towards preserving and developing the sense of using indigenous products. In today's world of globalization, the effort to consume local food is thus playing an indispensable role in maintaining the identity of each and every local culture.

In a word, the downside of eating locally produced food is outweighed by its upside. This is, in actual fact, true from economic, environmental, and educational viewpoints.

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