Task 1: The maps below show the changes that have taken place at the waterfont area of a town calles Darwin between 2009 and 2014.
The maps depict the development of a town named Darwin from 2009 to 2014. The initial impression from the maps is that the town showed the complete obliteration of the industrial area to make room for more residential, recreational and academic amenities. In addition, the town’s infrastructure was also renovated with the addition of a harbor and more footpaths.
In 2009, on the vast grassland stretching from the center to the southern part of the town was sited an industrial area. Over the next 5 years, this industrial zone became non-existent, and was replaced by trees. To the southeast of the town, a new harbor was erected, and an additional footpath was established, leading from the harbor to the main road in the west of the town. This new footpath further divided the southern zone of the town into two distinct areas, the upper part of which had some new residential buildings and a new university one.
Regarding the area encircled by the footpaths, the former industrial area was converted into a swimming pool. The school and the convention center located in the vicinity of this area and the northern main road remained unchanged. The two swimming pools by the beach also remained in the same position over the given period.
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Task 2: Online shopping is increasing dramatically. How could this trend affect our environment and the kinks of jobs required?
One of the current phenomena is online shopping is on the rise. This tendency actually benefits the environment and leads up to changes in various jobs related to this mode of shopping.
As far as environmental issues are concerned, this trend might be said to harm the environment since an increase in the number of online shoppers is associated with a rise in the amount of product consumption, including many things purchased even before people can figure out what these items should be used for. It appears, therefore, to be a waste of resources.
The truth is internet shopping entails tons of benefits, one of which is saving time. In this modern society where time is gold, saving time is so significant. Time saved could be spent on working and boosting productivity, generating more and more resources. That is not to mention the merit of rescuing thousands of trees which may be cut down to make paper.
In terms of jobs in this new era, many occupations related to computers and internet use as well as online sales, be it for professional or non-professional purposes, have gained popularity. These range from IT engineers and web designers through advertisers and market researchers to cleaners and deliverers. In particular, those who work in delivery have now felt luckier because of the change from eating out to staying home or at the workplace and ordering a meal online.
Summarizing, when it comes to shopping on the internet, the impact is mainly positive, and it leads to numerous changes in the labor market, including the traditional job of deliverers. It is hard to predict what will be the next groundbreaking transformation in the foreseeable future, but online shopping still shocks many people in developing countries because of the convenience in paying methods.
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A. Vocab highlights
- ... is on the rise ( = ... is increasing)
... đang có chiều hướng gia tăng
- an increase in the number of online shoppers is associated with a rise in the amount of product consumption
Sự gia tăng số lượng người mua hàng trực tuyến gắn liền với sự gia tăng mức tiêu thụ hàng hóa
- In this modern society where time is gold, saving time is so significant
Trong xã hội hiện nay khi mà thời gian là vàng bạc thì tiết kiệm thời gian là vô cùng quan trọng
- working and boosting productivity
Làm việc & nâng cao năng suất
- That is not to mention...
Đó là chưa nói đến...
- Those who work in delivery...
Những ai làm công tác giao hàng
- It is hard to predict what will be the next groundbreaking transformation in the foreseeable future
Khó mà đoán được trong tương lai gần cái gì sẽ tạo nên bước ngoặc chấn động tiếp theo
B. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc relative clause dạng rút gọn
... including many things (which are) purchased even before people can figure out what these items should be used for
... kể cả nhiều thứ được mua thậm chí trước khi người ta nghiệm ra là sẽ dùng những món hàng này vào việc gì
- Cấu trúc chêm xen adverb vào vị trí giữa câu (thay vì ở đầu câu như bình thường)
It appears, therefore, to be a waste of resources
Do đó, đó hình như là sự lãng phí nguồn lực
Chúc các bạn học tốt nhé!