Task 1: Bar percentage of boy and girl aged 5-14 in cultural activities participation of organized cultural activities and sport 2013 in Australia
The given bar charts show the degree of participation of Australian boys and girls in cultural activities and sports in 2013.
The initial impression from the charts is that girls appeared to be more engaged in drama, dancing and singing than boys. Boys, on the other hand, were more interested in playing musical instruments and sports. It is also clear that drama and singing were the two activities that had the fewest participants.
The gender gap between the two least favored activities - drama and singing – was insignificant, with the figures accounting for 4% for boys and 5% for girls. When it comes to dancing, the discrepancy was relatively much higher, with nearly 25% girls compared to only 2.5% boys. An opposite picture is evident in ‘playing musical instrument’ when there were more boys taking part in this activity (15%) than girls (10%). Likewise, boys also expressed stronger preferences towards sports (70%), compared to only 52% for girls.
Task 2: Many foods are shipped from far away. Some people think that eating local foos is more environmentally and economically. Do you think the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
The shipping of a wide range of foods from other cities or countries may have an adverse impact on locally produced food in this modern world of aggressive competition. However, the latter, in my own eyes, obviously offers more merits than demerits.
On the face of it, the consumption of local food might be said to have certain drawbacks. One of them is the lack of diversity or exotic taste. Without access to strange food from far away, people in Vietnam today, for instance, would feel fed up with a limited number of food choices or would never have a chance to try, and probably enjoy, the taste of a similar type of food which is actually imported from other countries, such as Kobe beef from Japan.
However, compared with food transported from other regions, eating food produced locally is significantly more beneficial in economic, environmental, and educational terms. From an economic point of view, local food does not involve excessive transportation leading to higher and higher costs, especially with increasing fuel prices taken into account. This is also associated with less damaging effects on the environment related to the shipping of food products by plane from abroad. In terms of education, consuming local food helps nurture patriotism among young generations, orienting them towards preserving and developing the sense of using indigenous products. In today's world of globalization, the effort to consume local food is thus playing an indispensable role in maintaining the identity of each and every local culture.
In a word, the downside of eating locally produced food is outweighed by its upside. This is, in actual fact, true from economic, environmental, and educational viewpoints.
+ local food / indigenous food / locally made food / locally produced food / food produced locally: thực phẩm (sản xuất) tại địa phương
+ aggressive competition: cạnh tranh khốc liệt
+ diversity: tính đa dạng
+ exotic taste: vị lạ
+ to nurture: (nuôi) dưỡng
+ patriotism: lòng yêu nước
+ Chuyển đổi V-ing phrase thành Noun phrase:
Eating/Consuming local food => The eating/consumption of local food
+ Câu conditional ẩn:
Without access to..., X would feel...: Nếu không được tiếp cận với..., X sẽ cảm thấy...
(If there were no access to..., X would feel...)
+ Relative clause dạng rút gọn:
... effects on the environment related to...: tác động lên môi trường có liên quan đến
(... effects on the environment which are related to...)
Written by IELTS Vietop