Task 1: The chart illustrates the population size, death rate, birth rate in England and Wales from 1700 to 2000?
The bar charts given shed light on two noticeable features concerning the population, mortality rates and birth rates of part of Great Britain (namely, England and Wales) over the 1700-2000 period.
Firstly, in terms of population growth, there was a crystal-clear upward trend. From only 3 million people in 1700, the population rose considerably over the centuries: 11 million (in 1800), 32 million (in 1900) and 50 million (in 2000). Compared with the beginning of the 18th century, the start of the 21st century experienced nearly a seventeenfold increase.
Secondly, the rates of birth were always higher than the rates of death. Specifically, in 1800, these figures (30% and 25% respectively) were significantly higher than those in 1700 (10% and 6% respectively). After that, however, the figures fell dramatically: 16% and 12% (in 1900); 16% and 4% (in 2000). The death rate in 2000 was even lower than that in 1700.
Overall, despite fluctuations in birth and mortality rates, the total population of England and Wales increased remarkably from 1700 to 2000.
- 172 Words- Written by IELTS Vietop