Các từ và dấu câu thường dùng trong IELTS Writing

Trần Lộc Trần Lộc
04.06.2020

Trong tiếng Anh bạn sẽ dễ dàng thấy nhiều từ mang nghĩa giống nhau, những về bản chất chứng sẽ được hiểu theo các nghĩa khác nhau sử dụng ở nhiều hoàn cảnh khác nhau.

Do vậy trong bài viết ngày hôm nay Vietop muốn chia sẽ đến bạn một số từ và dấu câu thường dùng trong IELTS Writing mà các bạn dễ nhầm lẫn khi sử dụng chúng.

IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1

IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1 – dạng biểu đồ

IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1 - dạng biểu đồ

Xu hướng tăng

Danh từĐộng từ
A riseTo rise
An increaseTo increase 
A growthTo grow
A climbTo climb
An upward trendTo go up

E.g.: Looking at the diagram, there was a rise by 10% in UK house price in 2013. (Nhìn vào biểu đồ, giá nhà ở Anh đã tăng 10% trong năm 2013.)

It is significant that the percentage of house prices in the UK increased by 10% in 2013. (Tỷ lệ phần trăm giá nhà ở Anh tăng 10% trong năm 2013.)

Xu hướng giảm

Danh từĐộng từ
A fallTo fall
A decreaseTo decrease
A reductionTo reduce
A declineTo decline
A downward trendTo go down
A dropTo drop

E.g.: The number of enrolments significantly reduced between 2005 and 2010. (Số lượng tuyển sinh giảm đáng kể giữa năm 2005 và 2010.)

There was a downward trend in the number of enrolments between 2005 and 2010. (Có một xu hướng giảm trong số lượng tuyển sinh từ năm 2005 đến năm 2010.)

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Noun + Pre – Một số danh từ đi kèm giới từ thông dụng trong IELTS

Cách nói tăng/ giảm trong IELTS Writing Task 1 hay nhất

Xu hướng ổn định

Danh từĐộng từ
 To remain stable
 To remain steady
StabilityTo stabilize
 To stay stable
 To stay unchanged
To stay the same
To keep stable/steady/unchanged/the same level

E.g.: After a dramatic fall in the number of people settling in the city, there was a period of stability. (Sau khi số lượng người định cư trong thành phố giảm đáng kể, đã có một thời kỳ ổn định.)

Xu hướng dao động

Danh từĐộng từ
A fluctuationTo fluctuate
A volatilityTo be volatile

E.g.: There was a fluctuation of the people who used bicycles during the year 2011 to 2013.

Đạt mức cao nhất

  • To hit the highest point
  • To reach a peak
  • To touch the highest point
  • To reach the vertex
  • To peak

E.g.: The amount of production peaked in the last 5 years.

Đạt mức thấp nhất

  • To hit/get the lowest point/lelvel
  • To touch the lowest point
  • To get the lowest point 
  • To reach the nadir

E.g.: The price of the oil again touched the lowest point amounting only $9 in July.

Từ vựng chỉ sự thay đổi

Trạng từTính từÝ nghĩa
Considerably    ConsiderableĐáng kể
Dramatically   Dramatic Tốc độ thay đổi mạnh
Enormously  Enormous Cực lớn
GraduallyGradualThay đổi dần
MarginallyMarginalNhẹ, chậm, không đáng kể
ModeratelyModerateThay đổi dần
RapidlyRapidNhanh
Sharply      Sharp  Cực nhanh, rõ ràng
SignificantlySignificantĐáng kể
SlightlySlightNhẹ, không đáng kể
Steeply   SteepTốc độ thay đổi lớn
Substantially  Substantial Đáng kể

E.g.: The price of the oil dropped considerably at the end of the year.

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IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1 – dạng bản đồ

IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1 - dạng bản đồ

Phần mở đầu: The diagram/picture/illustrates/describes/depicts the map of…

The map/plan/… shows/illustrates/describes/depicts how a village/city/town/…

E.g.: The map shows how a village called Ryemouth has developed over the last twenty-five years. 

Từ vựng chỉ thời gian: Over the … (thời gian) period…, From … to …, Over the past (thời gian) years…, The last (thời gian)…, In the years after (năm)…

E.g.: Over the past 15 years, the town has changed a lot.

Từ vựng chỉ phương hướng: 

  • North/South/East/West
  • Northeast/Southeast/Southwest/Northwest
  • Upstairs/Downstairs
  • Clockwise/Anticlockwise
  • To the north/To the south/To the east/To the west
  • Across the road
  • Before you get to
  • In the middle of = in the centre of
  • Just beyond = a little beyond = just past
  • Inside/Outside
  • To the left of/ To the right of

E.g.: The garden on the north side of the museum has undergone various changes since 1999.

Một số động từ hữu ích:

  • Build (xây): Three new hospitals were built.
  • Construct (xây): A new road was constructed next to the town.
  • Extend (mở dài): The main road into town was extended by 20 meters.
  • Expand (mở rộng): The car park was expanded to accommodate an extra 50 cars.
  • Span (kéo dài): The bridge spans the width of the river.
  • Remove/bulldoze/demolish (hủy bỏ, phá dỡ): The developers removed the old post box near the retail area.

Một số từ vựng về các khu vực:

  • Community greens: thảm xanh cộng đồng (công viên,…)
  • Green belt: vành đai xanh bao quanh một thành phố, thị trấn
  • Greenfield land: vùng đất nguyên sơ. Cánh đồng và rừng cây không có người.
  • Greyfield land: các tòa nhà hoặc đất đai bất động sản, bãi đỗ xe hoặc nhà máy bỏ hoang.
  • Pavement / sidewalk: vỉa hè
  • Roundabout: vòng xoay
  • Roadside: bên đường
  • Zone of transition: Một khu vực chuyển từ trạng thái này sang trạng thái khác. Khu vực giữa trung tâm thành phố và vành đai xanh.

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IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1 – dạng quá trình

IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 1 - dạng quá trình

Phần mở đầu: The diagram/picture/chartshows/illustrates/describes/depicts the process of/how…

E.g.: The diagram below illustrates the process of collecting up-to-the-minute information on the weather in order to produce reliable forecasts by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

Các trạng từ hữu ích: 

  • First/firstly/first of all, to start with, …HOẶC The first step is involved + Ving                                 
  • Secondly, thirdly,…
  • Then/next/after that/following that/following on from this, …
  • Subsequently/in the subsequent stage/ subsequent to that, finally..

E.g.: To start with, wasted glass bottles are gathered at a collecting point. 

Next, these bottles  are cleaned using high-pressure water to eliminate the dust and other substances.

Finally, the new bottles are then filled with drinks, then delivered to the supermarket.

Các từ nối hữu ích:

E.g.: Once obtained, raw materials and manufactured components are stored for later assembly

  • Before + clause / gerund

E.g.: Most consumer goods go through a series of stages before they emerge as finished products ready for sale.

  • After + clause / gerund

E.g.: After the production planning is complete the assembly, inspection, testing and packaging stages are done sequentially.

Xem thêm: Cách viết dạng Diagram (Process) IELTS Writing Task 1 giúp bạn đạt điểm cao

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IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 2

IELTS Vocabulary Writing Task 2

Phần mở bài & nêu ý kiến và dẫn vào bài

  • …. is one of the most important issues …
  • It goes without saying that…
  • It is often said that…
  • It is true that…
  • It is universally accepted that…
  • Many/some people claim/opine/believe that…
  • People are divided in their opinion regarding…
  • There is no denying that…
  • These days…/ Nowadays…/ In this day and age…
  • We live in an age when many of us are…
  • Whether …. or …. is a controversial issue…
  • However, I strongly believe that…
  • I oppose the view and my reasons will be explained in the following paragraphs.
  • I personally believe that…
  • I wholeheartedly believe that this trend should be changed.
  • I will support this view with arguments in the following paragraphs.
  • Let us examine both views before reaching a concrete decision.
  • My two cents go for…
  • The following essay takes a look at both sides of the argument.
  • The following paragraphs discuss whether …… or …… and reach a reasonable conclusion.
  • Thus the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages…
  • According to me…
  • Apparently…
  • As far as I am concerned…
  • From my perspective…
  • From my point of view… (Not ‘In my point of view’)
  • I believe…
  • I feel that…
  • I realise…
  • I strongly agree with the idea that…
  • I strongly disagree with the given topic…
  • I strongly opine that…
  • I suppose…
  • I think
  • I understand…
  • In my opinion…
  • In my view…
  • It appears that…
  • It seems to me that…
  • My opinion is that…
  • My own view on the matter is…
  • Personally speaking…
  • To me…
  • To my mind…
  • To my way of thinking…

E.g.: There are thousands of languages being spoken in many regions around the globe. However, some people believe that perhaps in a foreseeable future, only one common language will exist as a means of communication in the human world. In my opinion, this development, despite being the facilitation of international communication, is a detriment to our diversity as a species.

Taking a gap year before attending college has recently gained enormous popularity amongst high school graduates. My own view on the matter is although the benefits of this are varied, the drawbacks should be paid more attention to.

It is true that travelling abroad certainly exerts several positive influences on tourists as well as the host country. Although there are still drawbacks of international travel, I think its values are more significant.

Phần thân bài 1

  • According to many…
  • First and foremost…
  • First of all…
  • First…
  • Firstly…
  • In the first place…
  • Initially…
  • It is true that…
  • It is worth considering…
  • Let us take a look at…
  • On the one hand…
  • Though it is true that…
  • To begin with…
  • To start with…

E.g.: On the one hand, the downsides of welcoming foreign visitors are varied.

To begin with, those in lower-income groups who are building houses look for the most cost-effective option. During this process, they invariably look for less expensive options that include a reduction in material and construction quality.

Phần thân bài 2, hoặc dùng để bổ sung cho ý kiến chính

  • After that…
  • Again…
  • Also…
  • And…
  • Another factor to consider is…
  • Another point worth noting is…
  • Apart from that…
  • Besides…
  • Besides…
  • Consequently…
  • Finally…
  • Furthermore…
  • In addition…
  • Last but not least…
  • Likewise…
  • Moreover…
  • Next…
  • Not only …. but also…
  • On the other hand…
  • On top of that…
  • Other people believe that…
  • Other people think that…
  • Second(ly)…  (Not ‘Second of all’)
  • Then…
  • Third(ly)…
  • What’s more…

E.g.: On the other hand, people would learn more about outer space as the experiment and scientific research in outer space is going on more steadily than ever.

Aside from that, computers will become more powerful, with superior artificial intelligence. Robots will be used for dangerous tasks such as mining and space exploration.

Thể hiện sự so sánh

  • Also…
  • At the same time…
  • In the same way…
  • Just as…
  • Like the previous point…
  • Likewise…
  • Similar to…
  • Similarly…
  • Simultaneously,…

E.g.: Likewise, companies and offices are becoming more automated and reliant on computers, the internet, and other technologies than at any other time in history.

Simultaneously, software could be used for a variety of purposes such as learning through computers, accounting in computers, drawing, information storage, sending information from one person to another, and so on.

Thể hiện sự đối lập

  • Alternatively…
  • Although
  • But…
  • Despite the fact that…
  • Despite… / In spite of…
  • Even so…
  • Even though…
  • However…
  • In contrast to this…
  • In spite of the fact that…
  • Meanwhile…
  • Nevertheless…/ Nonetheless…
  • Nonetheless/ Nevertheless…
  • On the contrary…
  • On the other hand…
  • Oppositely…
  • Then again…
  • Though…
  • Unlike…
  • While…
  • Whilst…
  • Yet…

E.g.: On the contrary, poor nations suffer from the lack of sufficient budgets to ensure some very basic needs of people like health, education, medicines etc. 

In contrast to this, the use of fossil fuels to power automobiles contributes to global warming and has an impact on the ozone layer.

Đưa ra ví dụ minh họa

  • …could be a good/ideal example here
  • A case…
  • Among others…
  • An example is…
  • As a model…
  • As a piece of evidence…
  • As an example…
  • As an illustration…
  • As an instance…
  • As far …. is concerned…
  • As for example…
  • As for instance…
  • As…
  • By way of example…
  • By way of illustration…
  • For example…
  • For instance…
  • In particular…
  • Including/ To include…
  • Like…
  • Namely…
  • Particularly…
  • Regarding…
  • Specifically…
  • Such as…
  • Take one example…
  • Take one instance…
  • That is…
  • To cite an example…
  • To cite an instance…
  • To give an example…
  • To illustrate…
  • To paraphrase…
  • To show an example…
  • When it comes to…
  • With respect to…

E.g.: With the advancement of technology in recent years, we can now replace animal experiments with sophisticated computer programs that can provide more accurate results. Computer-based testing, for example, has been used to assess the safety of new drugs or cancer treatments and has proven to be effective.

To effectively address serious issues such as global warming, prolonged droughts, violent storms, and other extreme weather events, politicians and large environmental organizations must work together.

Thể hiện nguyên nhân – kết quả

  • … has led to/ … has resulted in…
  • As a result of…
  • As a result…
  • Consequently…
  • Due to…
  • One reason behind this is…
  • Therefore…

E.g.: Nowadays, more and more people rely on cars instead of walking, have less physical demands at work and prefer inactive leisure activities. This has resulted in burning less calories and gaining weight.

Consequently, obesity results in incorrect functioning of the human body and contributes to the risk of developing some chronic illnesses. 

Phần kết bài

  • In conclusion…
  • All in all…
  • All things considered…
  • By and large…
  • In general…
  • In short…
  • In summary…
  • On the whole…
  • Overall…
  • Taking everything into account…
  • Taking everything into consideration…
  • To conclude with…
  • To conclude…
  • To recapitulate…
  • To sum up…
  • To summarise…
  • Weighing up both sides of the argument…

E.g.: To summarise, junk food is an unnecessary burden on public health and should be regulated.

In general, nuclear technology certainly has positive uses but is nonetheless dangerous. It would have been preferable, however, if it had never been used to develop nuclear weapons.

Tham khảo:

24 chủ đề phổ biến trong IELTS Writing Task 2 bạn phải biết

Những mẫu câu và cụm từ “ăn điểm” trong IELTS Writing Task 2

Làm gì khi bị bí ý tưởng Writing Task 2?

Dấu câu

Dấu chấm hết .

Đặt dấu chấm hết ở cuối mỗi câu sau đó mới bắt đầu một câu mới bằng chữ in hoa.

Dấu phẩy ,

– Sử dụng dấu phẩy sau cụm từ hoặc trạng từ để giới thiệu một câu

Ex: In addition, many disabled people suffer discrimination at work.

Finally, local councils need to consider the cost of recycling schemes.

– Chúng ta sử dụng dấu phấy để liệt kê

Ex: Climate change affects individuals, ecosystem and society in general.

Chúng ta không dùng dấu phẩy sau từ that

Ex: It is clear that the government should take steps to help local people improve their health.

Dấu móc lửng ‘

Dùng dấu móc lửng trong trường hợp sở hữu cách.

Ex: the government’s role

Hy vọng với những thông tin các từ và dấu câu thường dùng trong IELTS Writing trên bạn đã nắm được cách dùng những từ trên đúng ngữ cảnh nhé! Nếu có thắc mắc hãy để lại bình luận dưới đây để được các giảng viên hỗ trợ nhé.

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