IELTS Writing Task 1
|The graph below shows different sources of air pollutants in the UK from 1990 to 2005. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.|
The line graph shows the quantities of air pollutants caused by 3 different sources in the UK between 1990 and 2005.
It can be seen that while industrial production was responsible for the largest amount of waste emitted into the air, all causes of air pollution witnessed a significant decrease over the years.
The total volume of air pollutants in the UK, in 1990, was at its peak of 7 million tonnes, which was substantially made up by industrial manufacturing process, with 5,5 million tonnes. The total figure then experienced a sharp decline to around 4 million tonnes in 1999, before reaching its low at roughly 3 million by the end of the period.
The figure for industrial contaminants, as a result, plunged to only 2 million tonnes during the period 1990-2005, while the number of air pollutants caused by transport stayed almost constant, at approximately 1 million tonnes. Pollutants from households, with the same starting point at 1 million tonnes, saw the most remarkable drop, by nearly 10 times, to finish at only 0,1 million tonnes in the year 2005.
- Total volume (n): tổng lượng
- Plunge (v): giảm mạnh
- Peak (n): đỉnh điểm
- Constant (adj): không thay đổi
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IELTS Writing Task 2
|Some people believe that air travel should be restricted because it causes serious pollution and uses up the world’s fuel resources.|
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It is irrefutable that the aviation industry has posed a direct threat to our environment, as it consumes too much fuel and emits an insurmountable amount of air pollutants. However, I disagree that air travel should be restricted, because this would solve some problems yet lead to even more serious ones.
International tourism has become the backbone of many countries in the world. Many countries are earning substantially from this smoke-free industry and the local people are highly dependent on hospitality services like hotels, restaurants and recreational centers. Discouraging air travel may lead to the breakdown of tourism, thus leaving an unbearable loss in a nation’s economy. In addition, air travel acts as a catalyst for intercultural exchanges between countries. The advent of cheap airfare makes it possible for people to travel the world and broaden their minds about the countries that used to be unknown. This, if restricted, could be compared to closing borders and blocking cultural communication.
Air travel is indeed using up oil and causing serious environmental problems, but so are other modes of transport. Therefore, I strongly believe that to simply discourage flights is not the answer to the problem. It is a better idea to narrow down private transports and encourage people to switch over to public ones, including airplanes, to protect Mother nature in the long run.
In conclusion, I reaffirm my conviction that setting limits on air travel is not a judicious decision as its potential merits are likely to be overshadowed by the downsides. Reducing the use of private vehicles, however, is of greater significance.
Bạn có thể ôn tập thêm: 24 chủ đề phổ biến trong IELTS Writing Task 2 bạn phải biết
- Aviation industry (n): ngành hàng không
- Insurmountable (adj): không đong đếm được
- Backbone (n): xương sống
- Smoke-free industry (n): ngành công nghiệp không khói
- Hospitality services (n): dịch vụ nhà hàng, khách sạn, du lịch,…
- Breakdown (n): sự sụp đổ
- Catalyst (n): chất xúc tác
- Switch over to s.th: đổi sang cái gì
- In the long run: về lâu về dài
- Judicious decision (n): quyết định sáng suốt
- Merit (n): lợi ích
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